MECW VOL 41
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A
Accumulation of capital
— replacement fund as fund of
accumulation—411-12
Adventurism
— in revolutionary movement—98
— Marx and Engels against revolution-
mongering—84
Agricultural chemistry— 397
Agriculture— 378, 396-98, 403-04,
485-86
Alliances and agreements in revolutionary
struggle of proletariat—103, 137,
152-53, 154
See also Party, proletarian—tactics
American Workers' League (New York,
Chicago, from 1857)—114-15
Amnesty for participants in 1848-49
revolution
— in Austria — 248
— in Prussia—246, 248-49, 282,
305, 312-13, 316-17
Ancient Rome—265
Anti-Communism (critique and exposure
by Marx and Engels)— 80-81,
84, 477
See, also Cologne Communist Trial,
1852: Party, proletarian—struggle
against slanderous accusations
Ape, the (and man's origin)—465, 542
Aristocracy, nobility—470-71
— English —357, 430, 432, 518
— Italian—203-04
— Polish—471
— Russian—4, 7
Arithmetic—'514-15, 532
Army—373
— Prussian—200, 428-29, 519
Art of war—199-200, 277-78, 295-96,
300, 303-04, 346, 356, 359-60, 366-
68, 386, 400, 414-15, 420, 437-40,
539-40, 558-59
Astronomy—354, 359, 517
Australia— 348, 349
Austria—156-57, 200, 241-42, 248,
262, 492, 505, 513
— and Hungary—103
See also Amnesty for participants in
1848-49 revolution; Austro-Italian
war, 1848-49; Austro-Italo-French
war, 1859; Polish national insurrection,
1863-64—and Austria
Austro-Italian war, 1848-49—174
Austro-Italo-French war, 1859—103,
125, 132, 181
Average rate of profit—395-97
B
Balance of trade— 370, 420
Belgium—102, 107, 348
Berlin— 270-71, 274-75
Bible— 468, 512, 541, 542
Big industry—397, 449-51
See also Industrial revolution; Inventions;
Machinery
Bonapartism
— Napoleon Ill's demagogy on
nationalities question—104, 125-
26, 171, 193, 492
— influence on leaders of national
liberation movement—12, 125-
26, 133, 156, 157, 196, 229, 230,
246, 362, 464-66, 489-90, 492,
505
— Bonapartist tendencies among
Prussia's ruling circles—431,
453, 519
— Bonapartist features in Palmerston's
policy—156
Bourgeoisie— 368
— English —357-58, 430, 432
— French—477
— German—418
— Italian—203-04
— Prussian—418, 462, 554
Bourgeois political economy—377-79,
403-04
See also Classical bourgeois political
economy; Physiocrats; Vulgar bourgeois
political economy
C
California— 348
Capital— 395-98, 411-12, 485-87
See also Constant capital; Fixed capital;
Organic composition of capital;
Variable capital
'Capital' fry K. Marx
— its method—333
— history of its writing—12, 14,
23, 356, 435-36, 474, 484
— A Contribution to the Critique of
Political Economy, 1859—14,
157, 193-94, 279-80, 435-37, 488
— second rough draft of Capital
(manuscript of 1861-63)—193,
292, 315, 319, 323, 324, 332,
350-51, 352, 356, 370, 380-81,
382, 384, 394-98, 401, 411, 426,
435-36, 446, 449-51, 474, 481
— third rough draft (manuscript of
1863-65)—488, 530, 552, 582,
585
— plans for publication—12, 193-
94, 279-80, 315, 404, 433
Capitalist— 396, 398
See also Bourgeoisie (in different
countries)
Capitalist mode of production
— prerequisites for—450
Cell
— Schleiden's and Schwann's
theory of—546, 553
Chartist movement
— as the first independent working-
class party—103
Chemistry—-397, 551
China
— foreign trade—345, 348
Christianity—85, 377
Circulation— 397
See also Capital; Money; Money circulation
Classes— 368, 451
See also Aristocracy, nobility;
Bourgeoisie; Class struggle; Working
class in England
Classical bourgeois political economy—
378, 380-81, 403-04, 411, 479-80,
485
Class struggle—246-47
— proletariat's tactics—154
See also Working-class movement in
England; Working-class movement in
Germany
Cologne Communist Trial, 1852
— exposure by Marx and Engels of
the provocative methods used in
staging the trial—16, 22-23, 54,
72-74, 78-79, 80-81, 140-41,
.146-52
— and the Willich-Schapper faction—
72-73, 92-93
— conduct of the defendants—3,
135, 142
— historical significance of—44, 73
Comedy (genre of literature)—265,
270-71, 289
Communism, scientific—11, 362,
480-81
Communist League, the
— organisational principles—92-93
— after the defeat of 1848-49 revolution—
35, 57, 73, 80-81, 82-
84, 90
— split in the Communist League,
struggle against the sectarian
tactics of Willich-Schapper faction—
72, 73, 91, 93, 97-99
— and petty-bourgeois democracy—
73, 84-85
— communities in England — 73
— communities in Germany—73,
83
— dissolution of the Communist
League, causes for—73, 81-84,
94-95
— historical significance of—81-85
See also Cologne Communist Trial,
1852
Constant capital— 394-95, 397, 485-87
See also Machinery
Consumption
— as essential element in the turnover
and reproduction of capital—
485-87
Cost price— 396-98
Crimean war, 1853-56—171, 336, 348,
462
D
Danish-Prussian War, 1848-50—512-
13
See also Schleswig-Holstein question
Danish war, 1864—505-06, 509, 513,
519, 549
— and European powers—505-06,
512-13, 517, 519, 531-32, 538,
543-44
See also Schleswig-Holstein question
Darwinism— 232, 246-47, 381, 542
Democracy, bourgeois (political system)—
421, 428, 561
Democracy, petty-bourgeois (political
trend)—84-85, 97-98, 468-70
Democracy, vulgar—10, 22
See also Democracy, petty-bourgeois
Democratic party (USA)—306-07,
428-30
Denmark—543-44
See also Danish-Prussian war, 1848-
50; Danish war, 1864; Literature—
Danish; Schleswig-Holstein question
Division of labour—350
Drama, dramatic art—318
E
Economic laws
— law of value—396-97, 403-04
Emigration, emigrants—110, 248-49
— political—119, 248-49
— bourgeois-democratic, pettybourgeois—
44, 73-74, 84, 85,
97-98
— proletarian—298
— French—102
— German emigrants in Belgium—
101-02
— German emigrants in England—
4, 14, 70-71, 103, 246, 297-98,
301-02, 310-11, 314-15, 525
— German emigrants in France—
101
— German emigrants in Switzerland—
70-71
— German emigrants in the
USA—89, 116-17, 300
— Hungarian emigrants in Europe
and USA—111, 125, 181-82,
210, 215, 229, 230
— Polish—102, 455-56
— Russian—341, 456, 489-90, 492
Engels, Frederick
— biographical data—13-14, 20-21,
25, 39, 112, 120-21, 134-35,
137-38, 143, 259-60, 266-67,
290, 291, 314-15, 322, 344, 352,
413, 418, 457-59, 547-48, 553-
54, 559-60
— friendship with Marx and his
family—401, 441-49
— joint work with Marx—10, 165,
170, 171, 196, 198, 204-05, 248,
299, 300-01, 303-04, 353, 411
— contributing to bourgeois and
democratic publications —191-
92, 196, 203, 216, 257
— contributing to New-York Daily
Tribune—MO, 173, 178, 184
— study of natural science—465,
532
— historical studies—456-59, 470-
71
— studies in military theory and
history of warfare—10, 25, 108-
09, 173-74, 191, 200, 216, 257-
58, 295-96, 353, 359-61, 366-68,
386-88, 455, 459, 478, 482
— language studies—375, 455, 473
— his family—138-39, 259-61, 266-
67, 344, 441-43, 446-47, 528,
554, 559-60
England (Great Britain)
— history—286, 294, 317, 544
— economy—5, 7-8, 246, 344-45,
347, 348, 370, 378, 413, 414,
421, 543, 551
— cotton crisis ('dearth of cotton'),
1861-64—246, 344, 347, 413-14,
447-48
— social and political system—299,
318, 334-36, 337-38, 509, 551
— press—284, 489
— foreign policy—157, 286, 336,
345, 348-50, 363, 370, 462-63,
484, 543-44, 556
— and the USA—246, 291, 333-
36, 348-49, 369, 370, 413, 430,
462; See also US Civil War,
1861-65—and England
— colonial policy—7-8, 348-49
See also Aristocracy, nobility—English;
Bourgeoisie—English; Law—
English; Literature—English; Manchester;
Mexican expedition, 1861-67;
Parliament, English; Philosophy—
English; Polish national insurrection,
1863-64—and England; Workingclass
in England; Working-class movement
in England
Europe
— prospects for revolution in
Europe in early 1860s—5, 437,
453-54, 477
Exploitation
— capitalist—394-95
F
Farmers— 378, 397
Fictitious capital—8
Fixed capital— .394-95, 397, 485-87
See also Machinery; Replacement of
fixed capital
Foreign policy—142, 152-55
Foreign trade— 7-8, 348-49, 370, 420
See also Protectionism
France— 359, 430, 454, 462-63, 482
— Second Empire—181, 329, 350,
454, 477, 506, 513, 519
— economy—291, 329
— foreign trade—8, 348
— foreign policy—361, 431, 453,
462-63, 489, 506, 513, 519, 552
See also Austro-Italo-French war,
1859; Bonapartism; Emigration, emigrants—
French; Law—French; Literature—
French; Mexican expedition
1861-67; Polish national insurrection,
1863-64—and France
G
General Association of German Workers—
533, 560-61, 585-87
Geology— 397, 465, 473
German Workers' Educational Society in
Geneva (184Qs-60s)—71
German Workers' Educational Society in
London (1840-1918)
— in 1860-64—3, 11, 15, 34, 48,
71, 78, 94-95, 232, 302, 326,
342, 455, 458, 517, 585-86
— resumption of links with Marx—
11, 94-95, 232, 339, 455, 457-61,
585-88
German Workers' Society in Brussels
(from 1847)—101-02
Germany— 342, 490
— history—367, 418-19, 561
— economy—112, 348, 450
— social and political system—470
— ways of unification—159, 160,
164, 252-53
— press—247, 342
— prospects for revolution in the
1860s—428-29, 461-62, 473, 554
— foreign policy—107, 461-63,
496-98
See also Bourgeoisie—German;
Emigration, emigrants; Hesse-Cassel;
Literature—German; National Association
(Germany, 1859-67); Party
of Progress (Germany, 1861-84); Prussia;
Schleswig-Holstein question; Working-
class movement in Germany
Government loans—363, 368, 519
H
Hegel, Hegelianism— 220, 281, 330,
333, 381, 546
Hesse-Cassel (Kurhessen)—373
Historiography
— in the era of Enlightenment—
356-57
— bourgeois (19th cent.)—232-33,
246, 473, 541
— progressive trends in bourgeois
historiography—321
— positivist—380
— 'Junker' historiography—560-
61
History—473
See also Historiography
Hong Kong—MS, 348
Hungary—107, 125, 156-57, 505
See also Emigration—Hungarian
emigrants in Europe and USA
I
India— 7-8, 294, 348, 359
Industrial revolution—449-51
See also Big industry; Inventions;
Machinery
Interest (econ.)—485, 486
Inventions
— social consequences—449-51
Italy
— problem of its unification,
Marx's and Engels' stand—103-
04, 181, 191, 193
— revolution in South and Central
Italy, 1860—246
— Garibaldi's campaign, 1860—
174, 181, 189, 192, 195, 196,
203-07, 246, 389-90
— Cavour's policy—172, 203, 246
— foreign policy—171, 189, 199-
200, 203-04
See also Aristocracy, nobility—
Italian; Austro-Italo-French war,
1859; Kingdom of Sardinia (Piedmont);
Mazzinism, Mazzinists
J
Joint-stock companies—445, 551
Judaism— 541-42
K
Kingdom of Sardinia (Piedmont)—
181, 191, 199, 203-05
See also Austro-Italian war, 1848-49;
Austro-Italo-French war, 1859
L
Landed property—200, 398, 403
See also Landowner; Rent
Landowner— 397-98
Lassalleanism, Lassalleans—399-400,
480, 483
— Lassalle and his role in German
working-class movement—9-10,
38, 142, 281-82, 313, 389-90,
399-400, 466-67, 470, 483 •
— critique of Lassalle's theoretical
views—18, 19, 124, 142, 190-91,
281, 302-03, 330, 333, 383, 389-
90, 440-41, 451-52, 466-67, 470,
480, 483, 484, 488-89, 534 .
— and demand for universal suffrage—
467
— demand for government help to
workers' co-operatives—467
— attitude to Prussian state and to
feudal reaction—481, 494
— and earlier working-class movement—
533
— Lassalle's nationalistic attitude
during Austro-Italo-French war,
1859—18-19
— and problem of unification of
Germany, of Italy—6, 12, 108
— critique of the Lassalle personality
cult—466-67, 475, 489
See also General Association of German
Workers
Law Courts
— in bourgeois society—186-87
See also Law
Law (right)
— as superstructure—317-18
— Roman—294, 317-18, 330-31,
356-57
— bourgeois—317
— material—335-36
— of succession—294, 317-18
— critique of Hegel's philosophy of
law—330
— English—294, 317-18, 335-36
— French—294
— Prussian —305, 314-15
Linguistics—357, 540-41
Literature
— folklore—160-62, 375
— classicism—318
— English—265, 517
— Danish—160-62, 375
— Dutch—509-10, 516
— Greek—318
— Roman—57
— Spanish—489
— German—122, 270-71, 289,
358, 507, 515
— French—318, 507
See also Comedy; Drama, dramatic
art; Poetry
Liverpool—432
M
Machinery (machine production)
— features distinguishing machines
from tool; evolution of—443-51
— as material basis of capitalist
mode of production—449-50
— as part of constant capital—394,
411-12, 485
— wear and tear; reproduction —
411-12, 414
— and manufacture—451
— A. Smith on—411
See also Inventions; Replacement of
fixed capital
Malthusianism— 381
Manchester— 432
Man, individual, personality
— origin of man—465, 542
— and animal—381, 465, 542
— and nature—449
— and machine—449-51
— and religion—465
Manufacture—350-51, 449-51
Market— 7-8, 381
See also Foreign trade; Market value;
World market
Market value—404
Marxist political economy
— superiority to bourgeois and
petty-bourgeois political economy—
380, 396-98, 403-04,
411, 485, 488
See also 'Capital' by K. Marx
Marx, Karl
— biographical data—24,44-45,68,
69, 72-74, 81-82, 268, 435-36
— friendship with Engels—111,
121, 332-33, 497-504
— joint work with Engels—10,
165, 170, 171, 196, 198, 204-05,
247-48, 299, 300, 303-04, 345,
353, 411
— before 1844—100-01
— 1844 to February 1848—101-02,
268, 533-34
— during revolutions of 1848-49—
102, 268
— during reaction (1850-57)—44-
45, 72-74, 81-84, 92-98, 102-03
— during rise of revolutionary and
democratic movement (1858-
64)—10-11, 20-23, 34, 44-45,
53, 63-64, 76, 79-80, 81-84, 88-
89, 92-99, 102-103, 106, 119-20,
151-53, 175-76, 208, 258-59,
265, 268-69, 279-84, 288-89,
311-12, 342-43, 435-36, 453-55,
468-69, 500-01, 525, 529-30
— writing and publication of Herr
Vogt— 6, 9-10, 12-14, 15-49, 51-
79, 81-89, 91-107, 110, 112-20,
122-24, 128-32, 139-41, 155, 158,
159, 165-67, 170, 172, 176-179,
186-93, 196-99, 201-05, 207-12,
217-19, 221-28, 231-35, 238-41,
243, 244, 252-53, 255, 262, 268-
69, 290, 313, 327, 334, 338, 362
— writing for workers' and democratic
newspapers—44-45, 63-
64, 67-69, 100-01
— as contributor to and editor of
Rheinische Zeitung—100-01
— as editor of Neue Rheinische
Zeitung— 90-91, 99-103
— as editor of Neue Rheinische
Zeitung. Politisch-ökonomische
Revue— 96-97, 102
— writing for the Chartist press—
70, 102-03, 154
— contributing to bourgeois and
bourgeois-democratic publications—
43-44, 68-70, 102-03,
279, 292, 323, 327, 332, 340
— contributing to New-York Daily
Tribune— 68, 70, 103, 106, 216,
252, 263, 325, 359, 362
— writing for Die Presse—323-24,
327, 332, 338, 340, 351, 353-54
— activities in workers' and democratic
organisations—10-11, 81-
82, 94-95, 102-03
— and working-class movement in
England—467-69, 527, 530
— and working-class movement in
Germany—35, 94-95, 533, 541
— and working-class movement in
USA—81-82
— study of natural science—216,
232-36, 246-47, 546-47, 551, 553
— historical studies—193-94, 265,
286, 293-94, 454, 457-59, 461-
62, 474, 484
— language studies—540-41
— his family—216, 228, 231, 340-
41, 380, 399, 433, 445, 481-83,
491, 495, 498-99
See also 'Capital' by K. Marx
Mathematics—449, 484, 514-15, 532
See also Arithmetic
Mazzinism, Mazzinists—193, 196, 246
Means of subsistence—485-87
Mechanics (science)
— history of—397, 449-51
Mexican expedition, 1861-67—363,
370, 431, 453, 462, 489
Mexico
— and England—349-50
Mode of production
— connection between material
mode of production and social
relations—450
Money— 370, 400, 419, 420-21
Money circulation—370, 485-87
See also Money
Morality
— bourgeois—85
N
National Association (Germany, 1859-
67)—10, 160, 164, 246, 297-98,
309-11, 342, 383
— London branch—293, 297, 302,
304, 310-11, 319, 355
National debt— 363, 370, 421
Nationalities question
— struggle against Bonapartist demagogy—
104
See also Bonapartism; Polish question
Natural science
— and philosophy—551, 553
— and scientific communism—232,
246-47
See also Astronomy; Chemistry; Darwinism;
Geology; Mathematics; Physics
Neutrality (in international relations)—
335-37
Nice—132
O
Organic composition of capital—395-98
Organisation of social labour and production—
397, 450
P
Parliament, English—299
Party of Progress (Germany, 1861-
84)—66-67, 331, 431, 501
Party, proletarian
— character, tasks, vanguard role
of—81-84
— Marx's party, 'our party'—85,
87, 193
— after the defeat of the 1848-49
revolutions—81-82, 87
— its policy on the nationalities
question—103-04
— tactics—137, 154, 193
— struggle against slanderous accusations—
10, 13, 14, 15-16,
18-25, 27, 33, 40-45, 51-57, 59-
79, 82-87, 92-103, 106, 107,
122-23, 128, 129, 131-32, 167,
169, 170, 175-78, 180, 184, 186-
87, 189-91, 194, 204, 207-08,
211, 219, 222, 223, 231
See also Cologne Communist Trial,
1852; Communist League
Philosophy
— and natural science—551, 553
— Ancient Greek—377, 515
— English—246-57, 381
— German—101, 498
See also Hegel, Hegelianism
Physics—551
Physiocrats— 381, 403, 485, 487
Physiology— 397, 546
Poetry—115, 161-63, 375, 472, 475
Poland—102, 459, 462-64, 470-71,
484, 538
See also Polish national insurrection,
1863-64; Polish question
Polish national insurrection, 1863-64—
453-56, 461, 464, 477, 483, 492,
538
— and prospects for European revolution—
453, 455-56
— and revolutionary movement in
Russia—453-55, 478
— peasant movement in Lithuania—
464, 477
— pro-Bonapartist policy of Rightwing
leaders—464-66, 484, 489-
90, 492
— causes of defeat—464-66, 477,
483, 489-90, 492-93
— and Austria—492
— and England—462-63, 484, 492
— and France—460, 462-63, 489,
492, 537
— and Prussia—455-56, 477, 537
— and Polish emigration—455-56,
489-90, 493
— and tactics of proletarian party—
455, 457-61, 472, 474, 492
Polish question—103, 453, 455-56, 459,
461-62, 474, 477-78
See also Polish national insurrection,
1863-64
Press, the—60, 115, 137, 283-84
Prevision, prognostication
— Marx' and Engels' forecast of
different social phenomena—7-
8, 241-42, 437, 453, 468-69
Price
— effect of prices on money circulation—
471-72
— bourgeois economists on price
formation—396-97, 403-04, 485
See also Cost price
Private property
— feudal—317
See also Landed property
Profit— 395-97, 485-87
See also Average rate of profit; Inter
est; Rate of profit; Rent; Surplus value
Property— 317
See also Landed property; Private
property
Protectionism—8, 348, 370
Prussia— 248, 460-63, 554
— economy—112, 519
— social and political system—248,
280-81, 312-13, 325, 327-28,
329, 331, 473
— provincial Diet—280-81, 288-89,
329, 331, 361.373,473,477, 506
— police system—81, 280, 315
— constitutional conflict (1860s)—
280-81, 329, 361, 363, 366, 373,
418-19, 428-29, 431, 461, 473,
. 477, 494, 506, 512-13, 584
— Wilhelm I's 'New Era'—312,
316-17, 329, 361
— Bismarck's coming to power—
418, 431
— law, courts—40, 129, 145-52,
167,170,175-78,184, 186-87, 189,
194, 204, 207, 208, 219, 314-15
— press, censorship—192, 248,
250, 281, 312, 353, 493-94
— prospects for revolution—252,
437, 456, 461, 477, 505
— foreign policy and diplomacy—
262, 477, 512-13, 519
— and Germany's unification —
159, 160, 419
— and Austria—513
— and Denmark—513
— and England—284
— and France—18, 262
— and Germany—419, 554
— and Poland; Prussian oppression—
453-56, 462-63, 477-78,
537, 538
— and Russia—250, 262, 461-63,
505-06,- 537-38, 541
See also Amnesty for participants in
1848-49 revolution—in Prussia;
Army—Prussian; Bonapartism—
Bonapartist tendencies among Prussia's
ruling circles; Bourgeoisie—
Prussian; Germany; Party of Progress
(Germany, 1861-84); Polish national
insurrection, 1863-64—and Prussia;
Rhine Province; Schleswig-Holstein
question; Working-class movement in
Germany
R
Rate of exchange—370
Rate of profit— 395-97
Raw materials—394, 485
Religion— 465, 468, 507, 512, 541,
542
See also Bible; Christianity; Judaism
Rent— 380, 396-98, 403-04, 414,
485-97
— absolute and differential—396-
98, 403-04
— Physiocrats' theory of—403
— A. Smith's theory of—403, 485
— Ricardo's theory of—378, 380,
396-98, 403-04, 485
— Rodbertus' theory of—285, 378
See also Landed property
Replacement of fixed capital—411-12,
414
Reproduction— 411-12, 485-87.
Republican Party (USA)—210
Republic, bourgeois—416, 428
Revolution— 84, 98, 430
— prospects for revolution in
Europe—45, 437, 453, 477
See also Prevision, prognostication;
Revolution as continuous process; Revolution,
proletarian, socialist
Revolution as continuous process
— bourgeois-democratic revolution
as its starting point—437
Revolution, proletarian, socialist
— and bourgeois republic—428
Rhine Province—109, 112, 418, 501
Russia (Russian Empire)
— peasant movement on the eve of
• abolition of serfdom, (1861)—
4, 7
— preparations for abolition of
serfdom—4
— maturing of revolutionary situation
in late 1850s and early
'60s—4, 7, 329, 453-56
— prospects for revolution—453,
455-56
— foreign policy and diplomacy—
336-37, 470-71, 538
— in 1850s-60s—121-22, 156-57,
250, 336-37, 537-38, 541, 543-
44, 549, 554
— and Central Asia—349
— and Far East—345, 347-48, 349
— and Caucasus — 538, 543
— and Austria—156-57, 250
— and England—156-57
— and France—250
— and Prussia—250, 456, 538
— Tsarist policy in Poland — 325,
455-56, 459, 538
See also Aristocracy, nobility—
Russian; Crimean War, 1853-56;
Polish national insurrection, 1863-64;
War of 1812 in Russia
S
Schlesxuig-Holstein question—250, 299,
336-37, 494, 496, 549
— London Protocol of 1852—494,
496, 497, 532, 543
— in 1863-64—494, 496-97, 505-
08, 512-13, 517, 531-32, 537-38,
541, 543-44, 549, 553, 554
See also Danish-Prussian war, 1848-
50; Danish war, 1864
Science
— and production — 397, 450-51
— and the state, and politics—473,
558
— scientific discoveries—436, 473
— popularisation of—436
See also History; Natural Science
Social relations
— and material production—449-
50
Social (total) capital
— as sum of individual capitals—
395-96
See also Reproduction
Société des saisons (Paris, 1837)—82
Society, bourgeois—82, 84-85, 294,
317-18
Spartacus revolt, the—265
State, the— 435, 467
Stock exchange—421
Surplus labour—394-95
Surplus value— 394-96, 486-87
See also Interest; Profit; Rent
Switzerland— 560-61
T
Taxation—479-80
— in England —400, 420-21
— in Germany—480
— in USA—400, 420-21
Technology
— history of—449-51
See also Big industry; Inventions;
Machinery
Teleology— 246
Theatre— 270-71, 288-89
See also Comedy; Drama, dramatic art
Theory and practice
— link between—403-04
U
United States of America—416, 561-62
— area and population—300-01,
373
— immigration—116-17, 119
— trade—348-49, 420
— protectionism — 349, 370
— financial policy—369-70, 387,
400, 419, 420-21
— the South (economic region) —
416
— the North-West (economic region)—
119, 300-01, 307, 428
— agriculture, agrarian relations—
242, 387, 420
— slave-holding system in the
South, its crisis—242, 246, 416
— social and political system—416,
421, 423, 428
— slave-holder oligarchy—301,
416, 428
— internal policy—364, 400, 416,
423. 429-30
— struggle to abolish slavery—4, 7.
242, 300-01
— territorial expansion—299-301
— foreign policy—462
— and England—246, 291, 333,
335-37, 348, 349, 369-70, 413,
430, 462-63
See also Democratic Party (USA);
Republican Party (USA); US Civil
War, 1861-65
US Civil War, 1861-65
— general description, significance—
277-78, 400, 416, 420-
21, 428
— causes of—277, 295-96, 300-01,
306-08, 420
— role of border States and Ter
ritories—277, 295-97, 306, 307,
346, 349, 361, 387-88, 420, 423
— military strength of adversaries—
277-78, 295-96, 372-73,
386-88, 400, 414-16, 456-57, 562
— secession of Southern states—
304-09
— progress of hostilities—277-78,
295-96, 299, 303-04, 306, 346,
349, 353, 359-63, 366-68, 371,
386-88, 414-15, 420, 423, 434,
437-40, 454, 456-57, 478, 484,
486, 530, 531, 538-40, 558-59,
562
— inconsistent policy of Union government—
295, 300-01, 345,
349, 364, 372-73, 386-88, 400,
416, 421, 423, 428, 430, 440,
457, 462, 562
— constitutional conduct of war—
387, 400
— revolutionary conduct of war—
277-78, 386-88, 400, 420, 421,
423, 428
— slavery issue—277-78, 299, 300-
01, 387, 400, 420, 421, 428, 440
— Southern Confederacy, its policy—
277-78, 366-68, 387-88, 400,
414-15, 420-21. 428-30, 562
— and revolutionary émigrés of
1848-49—296, 300, 363, 371,
372, 416, 434, 437-38, 440
— and US economy—369-70, 400,
420-21
— and England —277, 278, 291,
329, 335-37, 348-49, 362-63,
421, 423, 462
— and English bourgeoisie, its.
press—291, 348-49, 357-58,
369-71, 429, 432, 439-40, 467-68,
489, 530, 538
— and English working class — 357-
58, 423, 430, 440, 488 .
— and France—291, 361, 430, 489
Urquhartism, Urquhartites—10, 103,
152-54, 453-54, 491-92
V
Value
— and cost price—396-98, 403-04
— in classical bourgeois political
economy—396-97, 403-04, 485
See also " Cost price; Market value;
Money; Price
Variable capital— 394-95, 397, 485-87
Vienna Congress of 1814-15—543
Vulgar bourgeois political economy—
370, 377-79, 421, 479, 485
See also Malthusianism
W
Wages
— and variable capital—394, 396,
485-87
— reproduction of, by necessary
labour—394
— and money circulation—486,
487
— workers' struggle for higher
wages—8
— and working day—394-95, 486
— and surplus value—394-95
War of 1812 in Russia— 367
War(s)— 367-68, 387-88, 456, 512-13
See also Art of war; Austro-Italian
war, 1848-49; Austro-Italo-French
war, 1859; Crimean war, 1853-56;
Danish-Prussian war, 1848-50; Danish
war, 1864; US Civil War, 1861-65;
War of 1812 in Russia
Workers' societies
— propagandist societies—81, 93
See also German Workers' Educational
Society in Geneva (1840s-60s); German
Workers' Educational Society
in London (1840-1918); German
Workers' Society in Brussels (from
1847)
Working class in England—423, 430,
463, 465, 468
See also Working-class movement in
England
Working-class movement in England
— in the 1860s—430, 463-65, 467-
68, 580
— movement to prevent intervention
against USA during Civil
War—357-58, 440, 468
See also- Chartist movement
Working-class movement in Germany—
189-90, 533, 560-61, 580
See also General Association of German
Workers
World market— 348-49
See also Foreign trade





MECW VOL 42




A
Abstraction—137, 382, 387, 407, 409
Abstract labour— 392, 407, 514
Accumulation of capital—408-09, 514
See also Banks; Capital; Shares, joint-stock
companies
Agricultural chemistry— 227', 232, 507,
510, 559
Agricultural proletariat—366
Agriculture—137, 227, 461, 486, 507,
547-48, 559
Anarchy of capitalist production—137-38,
514-15
Anthropology— 24
Aristocracy, nobility— 68, 73, 77, 79, 88,
104, 207, 223, 292-93, 302, 474
Armaments, weapons—40, 124, 291, 293-
94, 303, 524
Army— 200, 203
— its transformation after the victory
of the proletariat—523-24
— conscription—339-40
See also Armaments, weapons; Military
art; Military science; War(s)
Army, Austrian—255
Army, British—124
Army, French—124, 208, 215, 307, 339-
40, 524
Army, Prussian— 8-9, 40, 124, 256, 292-
93, 307
Astronomy— 184-87
Atheism— 22, 54
Atom— 212, 382
Australia— 387, 487
Austria— 299-300, 503, 512
— foreign policy and diplomacy—
274
— prospects of revolution—503
— and Britain—274
— and France—291, 460, 506, 537
— and Hungary—226, 297
— and Poland—38
— and Prussia—84-85, 182
— and Russia—282, 293, 299-300,
374
— and Slav peoples—297, 298
See also Austria-Hungary; Austro-Italo-
French war, 1859; Austro-Prussian war,
1866
Austria-Hungary (from 1867)—374,
536
Austro-Italo-French war, 1859—344-45,
374
Austro-Prussian war, 1866—47, 255-56,
264-65, 269, 270, 278, 281, 290, 298,
299-300, 365
— forces of the belligerents—255-
56, 276-77, 279, 285
— course of military operations—
255-56, 276-77, 288, 294-95, 333
— battle of Sadowa (Königgrätz)—
288
— Peace of Prague—345
— and Austria—264-65, 299-300
— and Britain—45, 264, 267, 296,
374
— and France—45, 256, 258, 263,
265, 268, 270, 276, 280, 282, 288,
290, 291-95, 300, 302, 306-07,
345
— and Germany—276, 284-85, 288,
292-95, 296-97, 298, 300-03, 306-
07, 333, 340, 345, 365
— and Italy—258, 263, 276, 278,
282, 288, 291
— and Prussia—255-57, 263, 264,
269, 275-76, 278-79, 285, 288,
292, 293, 296-99, 301-03, 372
— and Russia—256-57, 258, 263,
264, 267, 274, 276, 282, 290, 293,
299, 352
— and the international workingclass
movement—45, 300
See also International Working Men's
Association (First International)—
struggle for an independent stand
to be taken by the proletariat in
foreign policy, against wars of conquest
B
Banks— 63, 141, 185-86, 200, 203, 208,
281, 284, 285, 472
Bonapartism— 266, 277, 334, 339-40,
425-26
See also Prussia—Bonapartism of the
ruling élite; Second Empire in France
Book-keeping—247', 248, 260, 277, 388-
89, 409-13, 533
Bourgeoisie— 71, 103, 108, 110, 144,
266-67, 300, 334, 339-40
Bourgeoisie, Austrian—536
Bourgeoisie, British— 21, 55, 71, 92-93,
109-10, 114, 150, 154, 158, 364
Bourgeoisie, French— 71, 302, 340
Bourgeoisie, German— 32, 103, 266-67,
348-49, 372
Bourgeoisie, Prussian— 96, 292-93, 297-
98
Bourgeois political economy—138, 185-
86, 384, 388-89, 514
See also Classical bourgeois political
economy; Malthusianism; Ricardo,
Ricardianism; Vulgar bourgeois political
economy
Brussels Congress of the International
Working Men's Association (1868)
(preparations for it)—423-24, 425,
428
C
Capital
— analysis of the process of its production—
328, 358, 366-67
— bourgeois definitions of—483,
543
— confusion of money and capital in
bourgeois political economy—
185-86, 543
See also Accumulation of capital;
Banks; 'Capital' by Karl Marx; Capitalist
mode of production; Classical
bourgeois political economy; Depreciation
of fixed capital; Money; Profit; Shares,
joint-stock companies; Surplus-value; Vulgar
bourgeois political economy; Wage
labour
'Capital' by Karl Marx
— its significance for the international
working-class movement — 4,
312, 358, 366-67, 451, 489
— its method—173, 232, 382-83,
384, 390-91, 464, 493, 533
— A Contribution to the Critique of
Political Economy— 328, 382
— third version of the manuscript of
Capital (Economic Manuscript of
1863-65)—4, 46, 159, 162-63,
168, 173, 174-75, 178, 227-28
— plans of the publication of Capital—
46, 219, 312, 328, 358, 366-
67, 368, 371, 390-91
— contract on the publication of
Capital—175, 219, 339, 343, 357,
362, 371
— preparation of the first German
edition of Volume One of Capital
for the press—219, 221, 223-24,
227-28, 262-63, 278, 282, 286,
291, 312, 328, 332, 338-39, 343-
44, 350-51, 357, 363, 366, 565,
573-74, 576
— proofs of the first German edition
of Volume One—173, 359-60,
363, 366, 371, 378, 380, 382-83,
385, 386-87, 390, 391-92, 396,
400, 402, 405-07, 417, 419-20,
427, 432
— Marx on Engels' assistance in the
preparation of Capital—402, 405
— Marx on the contents and significance
of Volume One—312, 328,
358, 383-84, 390-94, 407, 463-64,
487, 490, 493-95, 514-15
— Engels on the contents and significance
of Volume One—381,
386-89, 399, 402, 405-06, 417, 423
— its spread and propaganda—363,
426-27, 436, 439, 443, 445, 455-
58, 461-62, 464-67, 471, 475, 477,
491, 493-95, 498, 499, 500, 503,
510, 511-13, 515, 516, 518, 527,
532-33, 536, 539, 548, 560
— its distribution among workers—
358-59, 368, 415, 423, 427, 428,
441, 442, 447, 451, 467, 483, 488,
489-90, 498, 515, 533, 541, 546,
579
— comments on it in the bourgeois
and petty-bourgeois strata—467-
68, 488, 490, 497, 511, 512, 527,
536, 537
— preparation of the French edition—
368, 483, 488, 532, 533
— preparation of the English edition—
173, 386-87, 394, 406, 436,
455
— distribution of the German edition—
417, 436, 439, 450, 472-73,
477, 488, 542
— Marx and Engels on the subsequent
volumes of Capital—343,
357, 368, 371, 390, 402, 408, 418,
436, 442, 514-15, 544
— Marx on the Theories of Surplus-
Value as an historical part of
Capital—173, 328, 357, 367, 368
See also Dialectics; Engels, Frederick;
Marx, Karl
Capitalist— 384-85, 388, 391
See also Bourgeoisie; Capital; Exploitation
of labour power by capital
Capitalist mode of production—136-38,
494
See also Banks; Capital; Capitalist;
Crises—economic; Foreign (world)
trade; Money; Profit; Surplus-value; Unemployment;
Wage labour
Cause and effect—138
Chartism—15, 16, 253
Chauvinism—281
Chemistry— 254, 382-83, 387-88, 495,
560
See also Agricultural chemistry
Child labour— 200, 203, 224, 296,
383-84
China—10, 345, 349
Church— 48, 338, 458, 484
Class(es)— 54-55, 137, 334
See also Aristocracy, nobility;
Bourgeoisie; Working class
Classical bourgeois political economy—
136-38, 402, 407
— analysis of the commodity and its
value—384, 514-15
— fundamental difference of Marx's
theory from the theories of his
predecessors—386-88, 402, 406-
07, 457, 514-15
See also 'Capital' by Karl Marx; Ricardo,
Ricardianism; Vulgar bourgeois
political economy
Class struggle— 95-97, 326, 327
Coalitions— 71, 89-90, 93-94, 95, 103-05
See also Trade unions; Trade unions in
Britain
Commodity
— its analysis in Volume One of
Capital— 328-29, 381-82, 384,
387, 390-93, 396, 488, 514
— dual character of the labour embodied
in it—407, 514
— critique of the views of Proudhon
and Proudhonists—488
See also Money; Price, formation of
prices; Production costs; Value; Wages
Common ownership—515
Commune, community—547, 549, 557-58
See also Land ownership; Society; Tribal
system
Communism (socio-economic formation)—
137, 417, 494
Communists, communist movement—112,
126, 221, 445, 515, 524
Compromise— 81, 82, 83, 103, 108, 171
Concrete labour— 392, 407, 514
Consumption—136-38, 494
Co-operation (capitalist)—27, 127-28
— as a subject of research in Volume
One of Marx's Capital—406, 490,
494
Co-operation, the co-operative movement—
15, 459, 494
— question of co-operative labour
and co-operative production in
the International Working Men's
Association—200, 203
— criticism of Lassalle's views on
workers' co-operative associations—
90, 95-96, 124, 527
— criticism of bourgeois theories on
co-operatives—15
Corn Laws (England)—486
Cosmogony—184-85, 186-87
Cotton, cotton-growing—9-11, 62, 481
— cotton famine (1861-64) in Britain—
10, 11, 27, 53-54, 62, 113,
115, 117, 140-42, 279
— movement in the prices of cotton
in Britain—9-11, 62, 141-42, 199,
278, 481
Cotton (textile) industry— 9-11, 62, 142,
199, 345, 349, 431
Credit— 82, 141, 200, 203, 533, 543
Crimean war, 1853-56—21, 122, 124,
349, 352
Crises—19, 215, 228
— economic—6, 228, 278-79, 281,
345, 349, 460
— commercial—9, 11, 47, 137, 215,
345
— monetary—10, 278, 279
— political—47, 226, 460
See also Prevision, forecasting
D
Danish war, 1864—7-8, 121, 267
See also Schleswig-Holstein, Schleswig-
Holstein question
Darwinism—127, 304-05, 322-23, 494,
558-59
Denmark—7-8
Depreciation of fixed capital—388, 408-
13
See also Fixed capital; Machines
Dialectics
— in Marx's Capital—173, 382, 385,
390, 464, 493, 513, 533-34
— dialectical structure of Marx's
Capital—173, 232
— dialectical method—390, 464
— laws of dialectics—385
— dialectics of nature and natural
science—138, 382, 385
See also Hegel, Hegelianism
Differential and integral calculus—159,
209-10
Discoveries—185, 232, 385, 560
Division of labour—494
E
Economic crises—see Crises—economic
Economic laws—136-38, 514-15
Economic theory of Marxism—see 'Capital'
by Karl Marx; Marxist political
economy
Emigration—110, 372
Emigration, political
— petty-bourgeois—120
— French—287
— German in Britain—27, 31-38,
41-42, 44-45, 151, 163, 164,
229-30
— German in Switzerland—190,
215, 283, 284
— German in the USA—37, 40, 45,
57
— Italian—16, 110, 140, 150, 162,
238-39, 242-44
— Polish—18, 73, 216-18
See also German Workers' Educational
Society in London; Schiller Institute
Engels, Frederick
— friendship with Marx and his
family—151, 172-73, 186, 197,
225-26, 231-32, 233-34, 306, 310-
11, 330-33, 363, 371, 383-84, 405,
431-32, 551, 554, 559, 565-67
— joint work with Marx—83, 84-85,
86-88, 120, 129, 162, 168, 173, 224,
381-85, 386-87, 388-89, 390-94,
399, 402-13, 417, 451, 463, 464,
487, 499, 525-26
— Marx on Engels—90, 361, 371,
383-84, 395, 405
— on himself—88, 125, 126, 138,
265, 363-64, 399, 444, 469, 480,
499, 501, 508, 539-40
— and the International Working
Men's Association—20, 125, 141,
152-53, 156-57, 179, 212-13, 265,
270, 425, 430, 487
— contributions to the labour and
democratic press—15, 68-69, 71,
78, 97, 99, 105, 106, 115, 116-17,
124-25, 136, 205, 214, 235,
255, 257, 270-71, 280, 456,
552
— contributions to bourgeois and
bourgeois-democratic publications—
296, 298, 463-64, 484,
500, 518, 525-26, 533, 560
— and the working-class and socialist
movement in Britain—136, 168,
257, 426, 458, 468
— and the working-class and democratic
movement in Germany—
120, 124-25, 126, 133, 152, 178-
79, 191, 197, 204-05, 270, 284-86,
298, 348, 430, 444-45, 456, 462,
480, 491-92, 499, 505, 546
— and the working-class and socialist
movement in the USA—418, 451-
52, 456
— his studies in natural sciences—
320, 323-25, 382-83, 387-88, 480,
510, 560
— his study of military matters—21,
38-40, 61-62, 69, 121-24, 153,
255-56, 273, 279-80, 285, 288,
293-94, 303, 339-40, 426, 510-11,
520, 523-24, 534
— his studies in philology—7-8, 168-
69, 526, 554, 560-61
See also 'Capital' by Karl Marx; Marx,
Karl; Schiller Institute
England (Great Britain}— 7, 219, 383-
84, 468
— repeal of the Corn Laws (1846)—
486
— home policy, internal situation—
219, 345, 349, 383-84, 458, 468
— foreign trade—345, 349
— working class—54-55, 468
— election system, its class character—
168
— Parliament—212, 242, 269-71,
282, 300
— electoral reform movement in the
1860s—74, 155, 158, 206, 253,
257, 259, 269, 270, 300, 349, 468
— electoral reform of 1867—468
— factory legislation — 21
— political parties of the ruling
classes—212, 269, 270, 468, 474
— colonial policy—197, 199, 205
— policy in Ireland—460, 486, 487,
550
— prospects of revolution—300, 468
— foreign policy and diplomacy—
370, 374, 394
— and Bonapartism—473-75
— and the US Civil War—10, 35,
62, 113, 117, 140, 141
See also Com Laws; Cotton, cotton-growing;
Crises; International Working
Men's Association in Britain; Working-class
and socialist movement in Britain
Enlightenment, philosophers of the Enlightenment—
557
Essence and appearance—160, 390, 392,
514
See also Inner and outer
Europe—19, 38, 215, 274, 292, 312,
339-40, 494-95
— prospects of European revolution—
226, 270, 463, 468
See also War(s)
Exchange value— 384-85, 388-89, 393,
407, 514
See also Value
Exploitation of labour power by capital—
296, 550
See also Child labour; Factory, factory
system; Factory legislation; Female
labour; Labour conditions of the workers
under capitalism; Living conditions of
the workers under capitalism; Surplusvalue;
Wage labour; Wages; Working
day
Expropriation of the expropriators—417
F
Factory, factory system—141-42, 227, 345,
349, 388, 391, 392, 408-13, 552
See also Machines
Factory legislation— 383, 488, 546, 552
— limitation of the working day—
200, 203, 488
— on child labour—224, 296, 383,
456
— on female labour—296
— and health protection—224, 296,
301
— in Britain—224, 296, 383
— in Germany—546
Farmers—461, 486
See also Agriculture
Female labour— 200, 296
Fenians, Fenianism— 378, 390, 394, 444,
460, 464, 468, 474, 483, 485-86, 501,
506, 516
— conspiratorial character of the organisation—
501, 506
— persecution of the Fenians by the
British government—394, 460,
474, 483, 550
See also International Working Men's
Association (First International)—and
the struggle for the independence of
Ireland; Ireland
Fertility of soil— 137, 558-59
Feuerbach, Feuerbachianism—360, 520
Fixed capital— 408-13
See also Capital; Depreciation fund of
fixed capital; Machines
Foreign (world) trade—137', 345, 349,
487
Form of value— 381, 384-85, 387,
392-93
See also Money; Price, formation of
prices; Use-value; Value
Fourier, Fourierism—287, 326
France— 71, 295, 334
See also Army, French; Bonapartism;
Bourgeoisie, French; International
Working Men's Association in France;
Second Empire in France; Working-class
and socialist movement in France
French Revolution—71, 557
Friendship— 57, 102, 221, 231-32, 330,
551
G
General Association of German Workers—
15, 58, 65, 69, 75, 125, 140, 141,
150-52, 154, 165
— its sectarian character—58, 125,
175
— attitude of its leaders towards the
Bismarck government and feudal
reaction—69, 75-76, 78-79, 81-83,
87-91, 95-96, 102-05, 112, 124,
125, 150-51, 161, 170, 566-67
— Marx, Engels and the newspaper
Der Social-Demokrat— 26, 29, 30,
64-65, 68-71, 75, 78, 80-82, 83,
88-90, 95-97, 99, 102, 103-05,
111-12, 114, 120, 124-26, 129,
133, 134-35, 150-52
— revolutionary opposition in the
Association—3-4, 58, 103, 140,
141, 152, 154, 161, 174, 175, 176,
180, 197
— and the International Working
Men's Association—58, 64-65, 91,
103-05, 125, 423-24
— general meeting in Düsseldorf—
15, 58
— participation in the elections and
parliamentary activity—348-49,
430
See also Lassalleanism, Lassalleans
Geneva Congress of the International
Working Men's Association (1866)—
199, 200, 201, 203-04, 220, 258, 265,
268, 270, 271, 312, 314-15, 316, 318,
326
Geographical environment—305, 320,
322-24
Geology—164, 305, 320, 322-24
German philosophy—476, 497
See also Feuerbach, Feuerbachianism;
Hegel, Hegelianism
German Workers' Educational Society in
London (1840-1918)—106, 150, 230,
415, 504
Germany—105
— industry —372-73
— railways—179, 182, 285
— home policy, internal situation—
258-59, 289-90, 345, 348, 456-57
— bourgeoisie—32, 103, 182, 349,
372
— working class —32, 103-04, 125,
126, 150, 376
— feudal aristocracy—32, 77, 96
— bureaucracy, officialdom—95,
348
— Parliament (Reichstag)—257, 264,
298, 302, 306, 348, 373, 456-57
— suffrage—348-49
— political parties of the ruling classes—
298, 421
— cultural development—232, 493
— ways of the country's unification—
258-59, 263, 275-76, 285,
288, 293, 297-98, 302, 306, 348,
352, 460
— prospects of revolution—258, 462
— foreign policy—350, 352
— and France—351
— and Russia—351, 352
See also Bourgeoisie, German; International
Working Men's Association in
Germany; National Association; National-
Liberals Party of Progress; Prussia;
Working-class and socialist movement
in Germany
Ground rent— 227, 371, 407, 507-08,
514, 543, 548
H
Hegel, Hegelianism—138, 258, 292,
370, 385, 387, 453, 464, 556
— Hegelian dialectics — 138, 382,
385, 513, 520
— Hegelian logic—138, 558
— Hegelian categories—232, 513,
520
— philosophy of nature—138,
184-85
— and natural science—138, 184-85,
292, 382, 385
— and Marxism—138, 382, 387,
464, 513
Historical and logical, the—172-73,
381-82
Historical materialism, materialist conception
of history— 291-92, 295, 305, 494
See also Class(es); Class struggle
Historicism—136-38, 322, 494
Historiography—8, 202, 364-65, 547-49,
557-58
Housing question—296, 401
Human race—24
I
India—10, 141, 279, 345, 349, 547
Individual, particular and universal, the—
407, 514, 558
Industrial reserve army—137
— 'state assistance' to the unemployed
in capitalist society—21,
117
See also Unemployment
Inner and outer, the—159-60, 390
See also Essence and appearance
Interest—9, 248, 279, 391, 514
See also Banks; Credit; Profit; Shares,
joint-stock companies
International solidarity of workers—200,
203
— in strike struggle—265, 268, 270,
271-72, 274-75, 351
International Working Men's Association
(First International)—15-18, 44, 424
— foundation of—3-4, 15-17, 47,
109-10
— programme documents,. their
character (Inaugural Address and
Rules).—16-18, 20, 22-23, 26, 44,
47, 63
— organisational principles—55, 91-
92, 105, 171, 202, 214, 219, 314-
15, 367, 428
— struggle for the class, proletarian
character of the Association—16-
17, 49, 54-55, 60, 73-74, 92-93,
108-10, 114, 118-19, 130, 131-32,
144, 206-07, 212-13, 215, 216-18,
243-44, 250-51, 268
— struggle for the unity of the
international proletariat—200,
326
— and political struggle of the working
class—104-05, 150, 265, 326,
424
— inseparable connection of the proletariat's
economic and political
struggle—326-27
— and trade unions—15, 44, 45, 74,
109, 159, 200, 202, 221, 268,
274-75, 351
— and strikes—159, 265, 268, 270,
271-72, 274, 351
— struggle for a shorter working day
and higher wages—162, 200, 203,
326-27
— questions of female and child
labour, education and upbringing—
200, 203
— and factory legislation—326
— and the co-operative movement—
200, 203
— and the nationalities question—
55, 66, 110, 114, 200, 204, 281,
287, 442, 460-61, 485-86
— and the Polish question—49, 54-
55, 66, 73, 109-10, 114, 200, 204,
277-78, 280
— and the struggle for the independence
of Ireland—460, 464, 485-
87, 504
— struggle against Bonapartism—
55, 89, 95, 108-09
— struggle for an independent stand
to be taken by the proletariat in
foreign policy, against wars of
conquest—49, 73, 85, 110, 161,
200, 204, 420
— struggle against the Mazzinists
and Mazzinism—16-17, 110, 140,
144, 242-44, 250, 278
— struggle against the Proudhonists
and Proudhonism—216, 281,
287, 318, 326, 368, 423-24, 425,
428
— struggle against the Lassalleans
and Lassalleanism—57, 58, 64-65,
89-91, 95-96, 104, 107-08, 111,
114, 124-25, 130, 150-51
— struggle against reformism—49,
52, 259, 314, 424
— and the struggle for an electoral
reform in Britain—91, 108, 150,
206-07, 215, 221, 314, 327
— and the League of Peace and
Freedom—420
— Central (General) Council, its rules,
composition and activity—16-18,
55, 130, 155, 162-63, 314-15,
434-35
— Sub-Committee, Standing Committee—
16-17, 54, 55, 130, 172,
214, 485-86
— membership—55, 91-92, 105,
202, 219, 318
— role of Marx and Engels in creating
the International and in its
activity—16-18, 20, 49-50, 54-55,
130, 162-63, 207, 243, 250-51,
265, 268, 314-15, 318, 329
— Marx as Corresponding Secretary
for Germany—105, 201-02, 219,
449-50
— Marx as Corresponding Secretary
for Belgium—144-47, 170-71
— its press—50, 109, 173, 191, 198-
99, 200, 206, 214-15, 219-21, 224-
25, 243, 249-50, 252-53, 262, 268,
271-72, 275, 283, 327, 571, 574
— and the bourgeois press—63, 73,
86, 109, 202, 214-15, 338, 421-22,
424, 428, 429, 430, 485
— its funds—338
— and the ruling classes and police
persecution—338, 341, 516, 520
See also Brussels Congress of the International
Working Men's Association
(1868); Geneva Congress of the International
Working Men's Association
(1866); International Working Men's
Association (in different countries);
Lausanne Congress of the International
Working Men's Association (1867);
London Conference of the International
Working Men's Association (1865)
International Working Men's Association
in Belgium—IS, 105, 170-71, 189,
219, 220, 259
International Working Men's Association
in Britain— 54-55, 66-67, 74, 91-92,
105, 109-10, 125, 144, 150, 206-07,
220-21, 271-72, 290, 327, 329, 424
— refugee sections in London—110,
141, 150, 212-13, 214-15, 216-18,
250-51, 286-87
International Working Men's Association
in France— 47, 66, 85, 105, 108-09,
115, 125, 140, 155, 189, 207, 259,
351, 428, 516, 520
International Working Men's Association
in Germany—Si, 90, 105, 125, 202,
215, 219-20, 259, 283, 424, 430
International Working Men's Association
in Italy— 47, 271, 420
International Working Men's Association
in Switzerland— 66, 105, 125, 189,
207, 214, 215, 219-21, 571
International Working Men's Association in
the USA— 259, 367
Intervention—394, 426
Ireland—504
— as a British colony and citadel of
British landlordism—460-61, 486-
87, 550
— Anglo-Irish Union, 1801—486
— land question as a form of the
nationalities question—441-42
— agrarian revolution in the mid-
19th century, clearing of the estates—
461, 463, 464, 486
— national liberation movement in
the late 18th century—486
— national liberation movement in
1848—486
See also Fenians and Fenianism; International
Working Men's Association
(First International)—and the struggle
for the independence of Ireland
'Irony, historical'— 285, 292
Italy—278, 282, 374
— ways of completing its unification—
460, 468
See also Austro-Italo-French war, 1859;
International Working Men's Association
in Italy
J
Jamaica—168, 197, 199, 205
L
Labour
— its dual character—392, 407, 514
— manual—334
Labour conditions of the workers under
capitalism—550, 552
Labour time—391, 515
Land ownership
— common, communal—548-49,
558-59
— emergence of private land ownership—
548, 558-59
— private large-scale land ownership—
442, 461, 486
— eviction of peasants and tenants—
461, 464, 486
— its concentration—486
— as a subject of research in Volume
Three of Marx's Capital— 227,
371
Lassalleanism, Lassalleans—25, 84, 90,
96, 101-05, 134, 161, 165, 175-76,
494, 532, 548, 566-67
— Lassalle and his role in the working-
class movement—5, 12, 32,
36-37, 38, 41, 45, 57, 66, 69, 87,
88, 90, 101-05, 129, 134, 526,
527, 566
— criticism of Lassalle's theoretical
views—25, 96, 97, 101, 329, 526,
527, 566-67
— dogmatic and sectarian character
of Lassalleanism—58, 89-90, 125,
174-75
— demand for universal suffrage—
12, 87, 102-03, 123
— demand for state assistance to
workers' co-operatives—87, 95-
97, 124
— attitude towards the Prussian state
and feudal reaction—12, 30, 38,
53, 68-69, 71, 75, 78, 81-82, 83,
87-91, 94-96, 101-05, 124-26, 150,
161, 278, 494, 566
— attitude towards the bourgeoisie—
78-79, 169, 175-76, 494
— criticism of Lassalle's cult—24, 26,
58, 66, 71, 75-76, 78, 80, 90,
101-04, 124, 125, 141, 161, 165,
175-76, 181, 190, 548
See also General Association of German
Workers
Lausanne Congress of the International
Working Men's Association (1867)—
367, 416-17, 422, 425, 427-28, 519
Law of transformation of quantity into
quality— 382, 385
Law of unity and conflict of opposites—
392-93, 405-07
Law of value—514-15
Laws
— of history—385
— of society—136
— economic—136
— of mechanics (and astronomy)—
184, 186, 187
League of Peace and Freedom (1867)—
414, 420, 433
Light— 67, 91, 117
Literature
— American—370
— English—177, 234, 246, 249, 336,
376, 568
— French—34, 242, 290, 348, 453,
454, 522
— German—15, 30, 32, 52, 53, 66,
103, 149, 168, 230, 232, 233, 242,
245, 290, 299, 340, 355, 521
— classical Greek—316, 568
— Italian—568
— Norwegian—168
— Roman—53, 340, 498, 504
— Spanish—313
— folklore—32, 168, 242
Living conditions of the workers under
capitalism—27, 53, 137
Logic
— logic categories—557-58
— logic of things and events—96, 97
See also Abstraction; Dialectics; Hegel,
Hegelianism
London Conference of the International
Working Men's Association (1865)—
163, 171, 174, 190, 200, 201, 203-04,
214-15
Luxemburg— 293, 306-07, 351, 355,
394, 459
M
Machines—137, 373, 409-13
— their analysis in Marx's Capital—
228, 490, 494, 549
Malthusianism—127, 137, 138, 408, 455
Man, humanity— 24, 136-37, 304-05,
366, 431, 557-58
Market—137, 345, 349
See also China, Foreign (world) trade;
India; Trade
Marxist political economy—4, 136-37,
384-85, 387, 390-91, 402, 406, 407,
457, 514-15
Marx, Karl
— friendship with Engels—172, 231-
32, 330, 371, 383-84, 402, 551,
559
— joint work with Engels—83, 84-85,
86-89, 120, 129, 162, 168, 173,
223-24, 381-82, 383-84, 399, 402-
06, 417, 486-87
— Engels on Marx and his role in
the international working-class
movement—233-34
— on himself—3-4, 31, 32, 34, 36,
37, 101, 105, 118, 166, 198, 201,
215, 223, 227, 243, 262-63, 289,
307-08, 311, 328, 329-30, 335,
360-61, 366-68, 375, 379, 423-24,
435-36, 440, 504, 529-31, 544,
551-52, 557
— on his family—46, 63-64, 193,
198, 223, 310-11, 315-16, 347,
351, 396-97, 477, 502, 542-43,
544, 548
— before 1844—530
— 1845-February 1848—530
— in the 1848-49 revolution—368,
530
— and the International Working
Men's Association—15-19, 22, 23,
26, 36, 44, 46-49, 54-55, 58-61,
66, 73-74, 85-86, 90-93, 105, 108-
10, 115, 119, 130, 131, 140, 144,
149-50, 154-55, 158, 160, 162-63,
171, 173-74, 176, 189, 200-04,
206-07, 212, 213, 215, 216-21,
243, 249-53, 258, 268, 271, 286-
87, 312, 314-15, 318, 326-27, 329,
341, 346, 366-68, 416, 424, 428-
29, 434, 485-87, 519-20
— contributions to the labour and
democratic press during the existence
of the International Working
Men's Association—53, 57,
64-66, 71, 75-76, 78, 80, 88, 96,
102-04, 111-14, 116, 124-25, 133,
135, 154-55, 173, 198-99, 201,
207, 224, 253-54, 268, 283, 346,
430, 571
— contributions to bourgeois and
bourgeois-democratic publications—
42-43, 63, 116, 160-61,
202, 515-16
— and the working-class and socialist
movement in Britain—15, 45, 49,
54, 74, 91-92, 105, 108-09, 130,
150, 154-55, 157-58, 162-63, 215,
221, 250-51, 253, 289-90, 300,
329, 351, 424, 469
— and the working-class and socialist
movement in France—46, 66, 80,
85, 108-09, 115, 118-19, 130, 212-
13, 281, 287, 318, 326, 351, 368,
428
— and the working-class and democratic
movement in Germany—3-
4, 15, 22, 36, 46, 58-59, 65, 67,
75, 86-87, 94-95, 101-05, 108,
124-26, 150, 197-98, 201, 215,
263, 272, 312
— and the working-class and socialist
movement in the USA—44, 49-
50, 326, 367
See also 'Capital' by Karl Marx; Engels,
Frederick
Mathematics—138, 159, 187, 208-10,
543
See also Differential and integral
calculus
Mazzinism, Mazzinists—16, 17, 20, 23,
32, 33, 110, 140, 144, 162-63, 243-
44, 250, 278, 420, 424
Means of production—137, 291
See also Machines; Productive forces
Means of subsistence—136-37
Medicine— 304, 324-25, 327, 360, 469,
517
Method—173
— dialectical—390, 464
See also 'Capital' by Karl Marx—its
method
Military art—293-94, 302-03
— and technical progress and
weapons—288, 291-94, 302-03
— strategy—121-22
— tactics—293, 302-03
Military science— 291, 293
— study by Marx and Engels of war
history and theoretical problems
of warfare—38-39, 68-69, 70, 77,
82-83, 123-25, 279, 302-03, 510,
516, 523, 524, 534
Mode of production—322, 494
Monetary (financial) crisis—9-10, 278-79
Money— 382, 384, 393, 533
— as a form of value—382, 384,
387, 393
— as the universal equivalent—393
— credit money—533
— its conversion into capital—386
— analysis in A Contribution to the
Critique of Political Economy by
Marx—328, 384
— analysis in Marx's Capital—328,
381-82, 384, 386, 393, 494, 533,
536
— bourgeois theories of money and
money circulation—185-86
See also Banks; Credit; Crises
N
National Association (Germany, 1859-
67)—102, 266, 372
Nationalities question—200, 204, 287
See also International Working Men's
Association (First International)—and
the nationalities question
Nationality—7', 18, 281, 287
National-Liberals— 372, 421, 504
Natural science—24, 28, 254, 327, 464,
571
— and philosophy—138, 242, 327,
385
— and dialectics—138, 382, 385"
— and scientific communism—493-
94
— studies by Marx and Engels—138,
283-84, 327
Necessity and chance—304-05, 494
O
Owenism, Owenites—16, 159, 162, 326,
459, 552
P
Pacifism— 414, 420
Palaeontology— 304, 557
Parliament— 212, 242, 269, 270
— its utilisation in working-class interests—
297-98, 431-32, 433, 444,
445, 450, 456, 546
Party of Progress (Germany, 1861-84)—
67, 71, 76, 84, 85, 90, 96, 97, 104, 112,
150, 288, 421, 430, 456
Party, proletarian— 34, 57, 77, 83, 96,
101, 104, 112, 126, 290, 443, 452,
455, 498
Peonage—442
Personality cult (criticism of it)—75, 79,
101-03, 165, 201
See also Lassalleanism, Lassalleans
Philosophy—138, 200, 204, 388
See also Dialectics; Feuerbach, Feuerbachianism;
German philosophy; Hegel,
Hegelianism; Historical materialism,
materialist conception of history; Logic;
Method; Positivism (Comtism)
Polish national liberation uprising of
1863-64—18, 38, 66
— and the Polish refugees—18, 73,
216-18
Polish question— 213, 264, 274
— and the working class—38, 110,
200, 204, 277-78
— and the European bourgeoisie—
93, 110, 114
— and the stance taken by the European
powers—55, 110, 264, 274
See also International Working Men's
Association (First International)—and
the Polish question
Political economy—136-37, 384, 464,
494, 543
See also 'Capital' by Karl Marx; Classical
bourgeois political economy; Dialectics;
Marxist political economy;
Method; Vulgar bourgeois political
economy
Political struggle— 326-27
Positivism (Comtism)—292, 455
Press, the—102, 120, 268, 271-72, 451,
452
— proletarian, its tasks, its status—
15, 25-26, 49-50, 58, 70-71, 95-96,
154-55, 215, 219, 220-21, 252-53,
280, 283, 413-14, 533, 571
— bourgeois—32, 34, 35-36, 52, 85-
86, 95, 143, 148, 202, 205, 215,
267, 277, 286, 302, 338, 421, 422,
424, 425, 430, 447, 461-62, 529
— utilisation of the bourgeois and
bourgeois-democratic press in the
interests of the working class and
its party—286, 425, 427, 428,
430, 443-45, 455, 461-62, 463-64,
466, 467, 469, 471, 497, 500-01,
504, 510, 515-16, 539, 541
Prevision, forecasting—224, 279, 285,
297, 300, 339-40, 418
— forecasting of economic crises and
their consequences—47, 215, 228,
279, 349
— prevision of armed conflicts and
their consequences—46, 47, 255-
56; 264-65, 270, 275-77, 281, 290,
292-94, 302, 352, 365
— forecasting of revolution—258,
265, 270, 285-86, 290, 300, 337,
458, 460
Price, formation of prices—248, 388-89,
390-91, 480-81
— effect of the law of value—514-15
— price of production—390
— and production costs—390
— price of labour (labour power) —
388, 390, 488
— and demand and supply—10-11
— views of bourgeois economists—
515
— in Proudhon's theory—488
See also Commodity; Money; Production
costs; Value
Private property—417, 547, 558
Production costs—390, 488
Productive forces—137, 291, 494
Profit
— as the transformation of surplus value—
390, 407, 514
— formation of the average rate of
profit—390
— and wages—-138
— and the capitalist employment of
wage labour—138
— and the regeneration of fixed
capital—410-11
— in classical bourgeois political
economy—402, 407
— in vulgar bourgeois political
economy—388-91
— in Proudhon's theory—488
See also Banks; Ground rent; Interest;
Surplus-value
Progress and regress—334, 494
Protectionism— 487
Proudhonism, Proudhonists—218, 281,
287, 318, 326, 368, 379, 423-24,
425-26, 488
— as an ideology of the petty
bourgeoisie—326, 368
— unscientific, doctrinarian, dogmatic
character of—218, 326, 379
— criticism of Proudhon's economic
views—488
— and bourgeois society—326
— on classes and the class struggle—
326
— and politics, the state, anarchy—
287, 326
— on war and peace—281
— and the nationalities question—
216-18, 281, 287, 379
— attitude towards the political and
economic struggle of the working
class—326
— and various socialist and communist
theories and trends—218,
326
See also International Working Men's
Association (First International) —
struggle against the Proudhonists and
Proudhonism
Prussia— 77-78, 95-96, 103, 281-82,
299, 349, 456-57, 493-94
— population—372, 545
— domination of the military,
militarism—345-46, 372
— Bonapartism of the ruling élite—
266, 285
— economic, industrial development—
77, 372-73
— railways—182, 238, 285
— agriculture, agrarian relations—
77, 372
— finances, budget, taxation—77,
82, 372
— Junkerdom—77, 90, 96, 292, 494
— bourgeoisie—38, 95-96, 182, 236,
266-67, 292-93, 349, 372
— working class—76, 90, 95-96,
104-05, 169, 174, 176
— peasantry, rural proletariat—77,
84-85, 345, 372 •
— bureaucracy, officialdom—90, 95,
104, 302, 466
— political system, police regime—
90, 95-96, 270, 302, 417, 421, 555
— internal situation, home policy—
76, 77, 82, 90, 95-96, 102-05, 226,
229, 266-67, 278, 285-86, 292-93,
297-98, 301-03, 306-07, 349, 372,
417, 421, 456, 494, 555
— military reforms, the army—67,
292-94, 297, 302, 306, 426, 446
— political parties of the ruling
classes—67, 76, 95-96, 103-04,
111, 288, 297-98, 372, 421
— Parliament—38, 77, 154, 163,
229, 298, 302, 306, 349, 444, 456,
489
— constitution, the constitutional
conflict of the 1860s—67-68, 82,
84-85, 226, 229, 236, 266, 285,
302, 349
— suffrage—76, 77, 105, 266,
348-49
— press, press legislation, censorship—
63, 70, 76, 83, 104-05, 417
— foreign policy and diplomacy—
182, 255-57, 265, 267, 270, 281-
82, 288-89, 293, 352, 374, 460
— prospects of revolution—265,
270, 285-86, 290, 337
— Luxemburg crisis of 1866-67—
122, 351, 352-55, 459
— and Austria—85, 182, 264-65,
267, 282, 285, 293, 298, 299
— and France—265, 345, 460, 555
— and Germany—298, 306-07, 345,
372
— and Poland—38, 374
— and Russia—38, 85, 256-57, 258,
264-65, 267, 276, 281-82, 293,
312, 352, 374, 460, 555
See also Army, Prussian; Austro-
Prussian war, 1866; Bourgeoisie, Prussian
; Luxemburg
R
Railways—137, 179, 182, 285, 352, 545
Reflection— 390
Reformism— 253, 314
See also Lassalleanism, Lassalleans;
Proudhonism, Proudhonists; Trade unions
in Britain
Reform League (Britain)—108, 109,
150, 158, 206, 214-15, 220, 243, 253,
314, 460
Religion—48, 100, 200, 204, 483-84,
503, 571-72
Republican movement, republicanism—
141, 144
— 'German republicanism'—32-33,
35, 302
Revolution of 1848-49 in Germany—87
Revolution, proletarian—137, 462
See also Expropriation of the expropriators
Revolution, social—269, 287, 458, 462,
468
Ricardo, Ricardianism—137, 457, 543
Russia—163-64, 550
— reform of 1861—222-23
— post-reform economy, development
of capitalism—352
— railways—352, 545
— finances—352
— commune and artels—547
— contacts of Marx and Engels with
Russian revolutionaries—18-19,
141, 577
— foreign policy and diplomacy—
258, 264, 267, 269, 274, 281-82,
351, 352, 459, 496, 506, 513, 536,
537
— and Austria—281-82, 293,
299-300
— and Britain—370, 374
— and Germany—352
— and Prussia—256-57, 258, 264,
352, 460-61
— and Turkey—545
See also Crimean war, 1853-56
S
Schiller Institute (in Manchester)—20,
81, 98, 116, 117, 235, 533, 555
Schleswig-Holstein, Schleswig-Holstein
question— 7-9, 34, 38, 267, 374, 430,
534
See also Danish war, 1864
Science—137, 322, 390
Second Empire in France—108, 334, 348,
550
— economy—281
— internal situation, home policy—
207-08, 211, 290, 339-40, 418,
473-75, 550
— bourgeoisie—302, 340
— working class—211, 302, 327
— peasantry—302, 340
— army—207-08, 215, 306, 339-40
— aggravation of class contradictions—
207-08, 211, 215, 302,
340, 418, 473-75
— opposition movement—211, 215,
306-07, 418, 459-60, 462
— student movement—207-08, 211,
215
— prospects of revolution—211,
215, 302, 374, 418, 459-60, 462
— foreign policy—207-08, 211, 215,
256, 258, 280, 290, 294, 307, 364,
418, 459-60, 462, 537
— Mexican expedition, 1861-67—
208, 211, 215, 338, 438
See also Bonapartism; Bourgeoisie,
French; International Working Men's
Association in France; Working-class
and socialist movement in France
Shares, joint-stock companies—178, 179,
182, 279, 284, 372-73, 399, 472
Slavery—39, 86, 87, 137, 334
See also United States of America, the;
US Civil War, 1861-65
Socialism (theories and trends)—17-18,
326, 493-94, 557, 559
Socialism, Utopian—326, 494
See also Fourier, Fourierism; Owenism,
Owenites
Social relations
— and productive forces—494
Society—136-38, 494, 515
See also Communism (socio-economic
formation)
Species (in biology)—303-04, 322-24,
558
Speculation (in industry and trade) —
9-10, 62, 167, 248, 399
Spontaneous generation—284, 455
State, the— 90, 266, 287, 557
Statistics— 23, 224, 296, 383, 407
Stocks (of commodities)—113, 142
Subjective and objective
— in politics—69
Suffrage— 76, 77, 87, 105, 348-49
Surplus-labour— 390
Surplus-value
— Marx's elaboration of the theory
of 407, 457, 514
— its component parts or specific
forms—390, 407, 514
— its rate—390
— and the formation of average
profit—390
— and working hours—388-91
— and wages—388-91
— in classical bourgeois political
economy—390, 407, 514
— views of the vulgar bourgeois
economists—388-91, 514
See also Capital; 'Capital' by Karl
Marx; Ground rent; Interest; Profit
T
Talent— 48, 218, 221, 505, 512
Taxes— 21, 48, 78, 116, 135, 183, 199,
200, 203, 372
Terminology
— in Volume One of Marx's Capital
and its translations—386-88, 406,
490
Terror—150, 153, 272-73, 275, 287,
463, 474, 501, 505
— counter-revolutionary—150, 153,
287, 474
— as a form of protest against despotism—
272-73, 275, 387, 463
— as a form of struggle of the Irish
against oppression—474, 501,
505
Thinking— 381, 517
Trade—9-11, 62, 76, 142, 178, 334, 349
See also Commodity; Foreign (world)
trade; Market; Money; Speculation
Trade unions-—95-96, 527
See also Coalitions; Trade unions in
Britain
Trade unions in Britain
— and the political struggle of the
proletariat—15-16, 44, 426, 448
— and the electoral reform movement—
15, 18, 74, 158, 221,
346
— and the International Working
Men's Association—15-16, 20, 44,
47, 54, 73-74, 109, 141, 159, 200,
221, 258-59, 268, 274-75, 329,
351, 424
— London Trades Council—15,
329
— reformism and conciliation of
trade union leaders—314
— encroachments of the ruling
classes on the rights of the
trade unions—384, 387
See also England (Great Britain);
International Working Men's Association
(First International)—and the trade
unions
Tribal system—558
See also Commune, community
U
Unemployment—21, 137
1 See also Industrial reserve army
United States of America, the—39, 372,
414
— immigration—372
— internal situation, home policy—
150-51, 153, 163, 167-68, 334,
414
— slavery, the struggle against it—39,
48, 334
See also International Working Men's
Association in the USA; US Civil War,
1861-65; Working-class and socialist
movement in the USA
US Civil War, 1861-65
— its significance and results—10,
38, 48, 269
— causes of—38-39
— military strength of the adversaries—
38-40, 61, 82, 122
— course of hostilities—10, 21, 38-
40, 48, 61-62, 82, 113, 121-24,
153
— and revolutionary émigrés—40,
47
— policy of the Union Government
(North), its aims and tasks—153
— slavery issue—39, 48, 61-62
— assassination of Lincoln—150,
153
— and Britain—44, 45, 117, 152-53,
199
— and the British bourgeoisie and its
press—27, 53, 62, 73, 86, 153,
160-61
— and the British working class—15,
27, 43, 45, 47
— and the International Working
Men's Association—50, 73, 85, 160
Use-value— 384-85, 388-89, 393, 407,
514
V
Value— 514-15
— its analysis—384
— its form—381, 384, 392, 393, 396,
406, 419, 423
— qualitative identity and quantitative
distinction of commodities as
values—393
— and the price of labour power or
labour—388-89, 390, 488
— and the price of production—390
— in classical bourgeois political
economy—384, 514
— in vulgar bourgeois political
economy—384, 388-91
— in Proudhon's theory—488
See also Commodity; Exchange value;
Money; Price, formation of prices; Production
costs; Surplus-value; Use-value;
Wages
Vulgar bourgeois political economy
— its class and apologetic character—
136-38, 388-89, 390-91
— individual features of its method—
388-89, 390-91
— its theory of value—384, 388-89,
390-91, 488, 510, 511, 514
— theories of the origin of profit—
388-89, 390-91
— interpretation of capital—136-38,
185-86, 543
— theories of money and money
circulation—185-86
— theories of wages—388-89, 390-91
— interpretation of ground rent—
548
— and banks—185-86, 543
— and economic laws—136-38
— attitude towards the classical
bourgeois political economy—136,
514
— and Volume One of Marx's Capital—
386-87, 391, 399, 405, 443,
458, 466, 468, 487, 510-12, 514
See also Malthusianism
W
Wage labour—137-38, 450
See also Capital; Class(es); Class struggle;
Exploitation of labour power by
capital; Factory legislation; Industrial
reserve army; Unemployment; Wages;
Working class
Wages
— analysis of in Marx's Capital—160,
162, 345, 390, 511-12
— as a form of value (price) of labour
power—388-89, 390, 488, 511
— as a component part of production
costs—388-89, 390
— irrationality of the 'labour-wages'
formula—388-89, 390, 514
— and the working day—345, 388-
89, 390, 392, 488, 514
— general rise in the level of—159,
162
— cases of their reduction—345
— workers' struggle to retain or raise
the level of—159, 345
— and tactics of the capitalists—345,
388-89
— and crises of overproduction—
137-38
— and necessary labour—488
— and the capitalists' profit—138,
388-89, 390, 488
— and surplus-value—388-89, 390,
488
— and the value or the price of
commodities—160, 199, 388-89,
488
— critique of bourgeois views—388,
390, 511, 514-15
— critique of Proudhon's views—
488
War(s)
— and revolution, revolutionary
movement—45, 255, 270
— and the working-class movement—
45, 255, 287-88
— people's wars—39
— threat of war in Europe in
the 1860s—226, 265, 460, 536,
537
See also Army; Austro-Italo-French war,
1859; Austro-Prussian war, 1866; Crimean
war, 1853-56; Danish war, 1864;
International Working Men's Association
(First International)—struggle for an
independent stand to be taken by the
proletariat in foreign policy, against
wars of conquest; US Civil War,
1861-65
War industry (and armaments)—200,
203, 291, 295, 302-03
Working class— 95-96, 103, 110, 287,
300, 326, 334, 445
See also Class struggle; Party, proletarian;
Trade unions; Working-class
movement
Working-class and socialist movement in
Belgium—144, 170, 171
See also International Working Men's
Association in Belgium
Working-class and socialist movement in
Britain—15, 18, 44, 45-46, 47, 74,
105, 108, 150, 157-58, 206-07, 221,
258-59, 300, 349, 468, 571
— electoral reform movement in the
1860s—15, 18, 73-74, 105, 150,
158, 206, 221, 243, 251, 253,
258-59, 270, 300, 314, 346, 349,
464, 468, 571
— and the Irish question—460, 464,
468
— struggle against intervention during
the US Civil War—15, 44, 45,
47
— strikes and the strike movement—
50, 349
See also Chartism; International Working
Men's Association in Britain; Owenism,
Owenites; Reform League; Trade
unions in Britain
Working-class and socialist movement in
France— 226, 326, 368
See also International Working Men's
Association in France; Proudhonism,
Proudhonists
Working-class and socialist movement in
Germany—15, 90, 103-05, 152, 169-
70, 174, 207, 219, 290, 298, 376, 441
See also Coalitions; General Association
of German Workers, International Working
Men's Association in Germany;
Trade unions
Working-class and socialist movement in
Italy—see International Working Men's
Association in Italy
Working-class and socialist movement in
Switzerland—see International Working
Men's Association in Switzerland
Working-class and socialist movement in
the USA—418
— and the Negro question—39, 334
See also International Working Men's
Association in the USA
Working-class movement—18, 157, 300
— significance of its unity—326
— combination of the economic and
political struggle—326-27
— and revolutionary theory—18
— necessity of a single theoretical
programme—4
— significance of the struggle for
suffrage and of the parliamentary
activity of working-class representatives—
74, 105, 150, 221, 326
— actions against wars, militarism
and annexations—47, 255-56, 287,
300
— and the nationalities question—
287
See also Chartism; Class struggle; Coalitions;
International solidarity of workers;
International Working Men's Association
(First International); Party, proletarian;
Trade unions; Trade unions in
Britain; Working class
Working day—488
— and wages—345, 388-89, 390-91,
488, 514
— and surplus-value—388, 391
— struggle of the working class for its
reduction—200, 203
— struggle of the workers for the
introduction of an eight-hour
working day—418, 451-52
— capitalists' resistance to its reduction—
71, 418
— introduction by capitalists of a
reduced working day or a reduced
working week—345, 349
— Marx and Engels on the analysis
of the working day in Capital—
224, 388-89, 391, 392, 451-52,457,
488, 490






MECW VOL 43





A
Abstraction, abstract and concrete— 16, 24,
25
Adventurism (political) —335, 426-27,
489, 491
Agricultural workers—156, 399, 480,
538
Agriculture— 67, 128, 353-57, 365, 380-
86, 393, 483, 538
See also Development; Nationalisation
of land
Aim and means—235-36, 490
Anti-colonial struggle—390, 394, 398,
475-76
See also Ireland
Aristocracy, nobility, English—4, 361,
390, 473-74, 484
Aristocracy, nobility, French— 131
Army
—of the Italian states — 344
—Prussian —288
— French—104, 344, 554
See also Military science; War(s)
Atheism— 289, 495
Austria—288-89, 432-33, 437
See also Austro-Prussian war, 1866
Austro-Prussian war, 1866— 140, 288
Autonomy, national—390
B
Bakuninism, Bakuninists
—as a variety of petty-bourgeois
socialism —236, 336, 364, 426-27,
516
—as an anarchist trend — 364
—sectarian character — 489, 493
—general characteristics of Bakuninists'
theoretical views—191-93,
235-36, 238, 364, 406, 415, 424,
426-27, 489-91, 493, 507, 516
—negation of the political struggle of
the proletariat —490-91, 493, 494,
516
—on revolution and revolutionaries
— 490
—and national question — 336, 507,
516
—hostile attitude to scientific communism—
364, 390
—disorganising activity in the working-
class movement — 240, 332-33,
335, 364, 404-05, 413-14, 424,
426-27, 430-31, 479-80, 488, 506-
07; see also International Alliance of
Socialist Democracy
—blocs with reformists — 404-05
—adventurism and voluntarism of
the Bakuninists' tactics — 336, 426-
27, 489, 491
—in Belgium —424, 430-31
—in France —235, 240, 404, 424,
437, 480, 489, 491-93, 506
—and German working-class movement—
404, 405, 511
—in Russia —200, 363, 492-93, 506-
08, 516, 518
—and Nechayevism — 530-31
—in Spain —235, 240, 404, 424,
426-27, 502
—in Switzerland—198, 240, 364,
404, 414-15, 424, 426-27, 437,
479-80, 489, 491-94
See also Adventurism (political); International
Working Men's Association
(First International)
Banks—I, 11, 113, 159-60, 223
Belgium— 45, 279, 353
B of exchange— 160, 238
Bourgeoisie—163, 343, 394, 474, 484
Bourgeoisie, English—163, 474
Bourgeoisie, German—343
Bourgeois political economy— 15, 41, 128,
378-81, 383
See also Abstraction, abstract and
concrete; Malthusianism; Mercantile system;
Physiocrats; Ricardianism; Smith,
Adam, theory of; Vulgar bourgeois political
economy
C
Capital
—general formula of capital and its
contradictions—39
—antithesis of capital and wage-labour—
252
—and process of circulation — 19
—its historically transient character—
490
—and landed property — 412
—accumulation of—141
—circulating —21, 22, 31, 32, 36
—fixed —21, 22, 24-25, 33
—variable —21, 22, 25
—constant—17-18, 21
—confusion of money and capital in
bourgeois political economy — 39,
46
—confusion of income and capital in
bourgeois political economy — 25
—harmony of capital and labour
preached by bourgeois economists—
236, 385
—criticism of bourgeois theories of
the origin of capital — 264
See also Commercial (merchant) capital;
Exploitation of labour power by
capital
'Capital' by K. Marx
—its method —21, 37, 68-69, 527-28
—dialectics in it —37, 210, 527-28,
543
See also Marxist political economy
'Capital', Volume One
—subject of its research — 39, 68-70,
328-29
—Engels on its contents and significance—
156
—distribution of and propaganda —
5, 9, 11-12, 33, 34-35, 37-40,
52-54, 70, 73, 74, 81, 84, 98-99,
102-03, 123, 130, 138, 141
—distribution of among workers —
13, 58-59, 69, 73, 75, 97-98, 103,
184, 213-14
—its significance for the working
class—130
—comments in bourgeois and petty bourgeois
circles — 55, 56, 58-59,
67-69, 86, 213-14, 259-60, 263,
525, 527-28
—first Russian edition—121, 123-26,
130, 149
—authorised French edition — 243,
276, 359, 397, 445
—second German edition — 36, 99,
527, 528, 529
—English edition — 97
'Capital', Volume Two
—its history—119, 123, 233, 234,
528
—subject of its research — 21, 28
'Capital', Volume Three
—its history—119, 123, 232, 234,
445
—subject of its research—16-18, 21-
25, 30, 59, 160, 412, 528
'Capital', Volume Four
—subject of its research — 77
Capitalist— 23, 24, 352, 385, 397, 474
Capitalist mode of production—382
— Marx and Engels on its analysis —
542
See also Society, bourgeois
Categories— 21, 22, 68, 175
Catholicism—4, 354
See also Religion
Cattle-breeding—474, 484
Causality—17, 24, 183, 191
Celts
—gens, community — 512, 515-18
Chartism, Chartist movement—133, 394
Chemistry— 33, 57, 162, 243
China—181, 395
Church— 4, 165
Civilization— 385
Class(es)—25, 69, 236, 252, 490
See also Bourgeoisie; Class struggle;
Peasants (farmers); Petty bourgeoisie;
Working Class
Class struggle— 236, 252, 394, 447, 490-
91, 538
See also Class(es); Economic struggle of
workers; Political struggle; Revolution,
proletarian, socialist; Working-class
movement
Clergy, the— 246, 354
Colonies, colonial policy—363, 385, 398,
445
See also Anti-colonial struggle; India;
Ireland
Commercial (merchant) capital—24
See also Merchants
Commodity, commodity production—68-69
Commune, Russian—55, 154, 434-35
Communism—4, 68, 236, 365, 393, 475,
490, 538, 542
See also Revolution, proletarian, socialist
Communism in France—260
See also Socialism, socialists in France
Communists, communist movement—485
Community— 154, 385-86, 434-35
Competition— 23-24, 202, 474
Consciousness—69, 485
Conspiracy— 506
See also Bakuninism, Bakuninists; Fenians,
Fenianism
Contradictions— 68-69, 129, 236
Co-operation, co-operative movement—543
—productive and consumers' cooperatives
of workers in bourgeois
society — 395-96
—criticism of the views of state
assistance to workers' co-operative
societies in bourgeois society as a
means of its transformation — 277-
78
See also International Working Men's
Association (First International) — and
co-operative movement
Corruption—357', 409
Court, judicial system—531
See also Right
Credit— 25, 32, 39, 94, 160, 397
See also Banks
Crete— 260
Customs Union (Germany, 1834-71) —
20, 280-81
D
Darwinism—141, 162, 173, 206, 217,
423, 482, 527
Denmark—394
Development— 21, 22, 24, 69, 121, 386,
449
Dialectics
—laws of —30
—dialectical method — 37, 528
—idealist, speculative — 29
—antithesis of materialist and idealist
dialectics —29, 528
—in Marx's Capital—ST, 528, 542
— Marx's intention to write Dialectics—
29
—Hegelian —29, 482, 528
—Dietzgen's—121, 152
— miscellaneous — 313, 516
See also Abstraction, abstract and concrete;
Causality; Development; Essence
and phenomenon; Hegel, Hegelianism;
Method
Differential rent— 380-82, 384-86
Distribution— 19, 23-25, 68
E
Economic categories—69
See also Categories
Economic crises— 113, 181, 186-87, 277,
296
Economic laws— 21-24, 68-69, 527
See also Law(s) ; Law of tendency of the
rate of profit to fall; Law of value
Economic struggle of workers—538
See also Co-operation, co-operative
movement; Factory legislation; Strikes,
strike movement; Trade(s)-unions, trade-union
movement
Economy and politics—136, 175, 490
Emigration— 80-81, 343-44, 474
—bourgeois-democratic, petty-bourgeois—
390
— from Ireland to England — 474-75
—Chinese —343-44
—German in England after defeat of
the 1848-49 revolution—178
—German in England from mid-
1850s —64
—Russian —429-30
—French —62-63, 102, 143
Engels, Frederick
—main biographical information —
252, 299, 541
—in 1845 — 518
—during the 1848-49 revolution —
420
-—in the First International period —
77, 80, 99-100, 167, 170, 185, 194,
219-21, 251, 253, 279-81, 299-303,
308, 312-13, 333, 345, 347-48, 356,
363, 388-89, 396, 400-02, 425-26,
431, 442-43, 451, 453, 455-56,
460-61, 482-83, 513, 518
—his studies in languages — 230,
247, 362-63, 410
See also Communists, communist movement;
Marxist political economy; Natural
science; Party, proletarian; Russia;
Working-class movement
England (Great Britain)— 143, 224, 278,
305, 308, 387-88, 392, 393, 403, 432,
475, 549
—cotton crisis ('cotton famine') in the
early 1860s—179, 181-82, 186-87
—industrial and trade monopoly —
447, 475
—cotton trade — 395
—Irish landlords —363, 484
—trade with Asia (India, China) —
179, 395
—crises of 1857-58 and 1866-67 —
113, 181
—oligarchic character of government—
390, 474
—political parties of ruling classes
(general characteristics) — 163
—radicals — 252
—Habeas Corpus Act —391, 394
—law on workers' coalitions of
1824 — 554
—Poor Laws—484
—electoral reform of 1867—163-64
—working-class movement—see
Chartism, Chartist movement; Working-
class movement in England (Great
Britain)
—prerequisites and prospects of social
revolution—390-91, 449, 473-75
—Established (Anglican) Church and
religion—4, 163
—colonial policy in Ireland—4, 357,
363, 376, 390, 432, 437, 456,
473-74, 549; see also Irish question,
the
—fanning up by the bourgeoisie of
the antagonism between the English
and Irish workers—165, 474
—counter-revolutionary character of
its foreign policy—447
—and Russia in the second half of
the 19th century—391
—and US Civil War—181, 182, 187
English bourgeois revolution of the 17th
century— 363, 391, 398
Enlightenment (18th century)—379
Essence and phenomenon—21, 23-25, 68
Estate, estates—434
Europe
—prospects of revolution — 313, 429
Exploitation of labour power by capital—
23
Expropriation—277, 343-44, 542
F
Factory, factory system—382
See also Machines (machine production)
Factory legislation- 8, 352
Farmers— 128, 383, 386, 399, 480-81
See also Lease, tenant
Female labour— 156, 184
Fenians, Fenianism
—character and specific features of
the movement — 399
—conspiratorial tactics of struggle —
387
—persecution and reprisals of Fenians
by the British government —
548-49
—campaign of amnesty to convicted
Fenians, character of the campaign—
224, 546-47
Feudalism— 364
See also Community; Landed property;
Serfdom
Feuerbach, Feuerbachianism—152-55,
354
Fourierism, Fourierists— 512
France— 159, 325, 428-29
—coup d'état of December 2, 1851
(the 18th Brumaire of Louis
Bonaparte) —232
—home situation, home policy—104-
06, 162, 164-65, 229-30, 294, 316-
17, 325, 373, 391, 395, 409, 411,
419, 423, 442, 506-08, 512-14,
522-23, 554
—the press—3, 199, 427
—working class—204, 387, 427,
553-54
—aggravation of class contradictions—
232-33, 317, 391, 419, 423,
442, 522-23, 553-54
—growth of opposition moods in
society—159, 162, 199-201, 316-17
—growth of opposition moods in the
army — 554
—plebiscite of 8 May, 1870—523
—impending revolution—162, 164-
65, 287, 373
French Revolution of the 18th century—
364
G
General Association of German Workers
—general characteristics—88-90, 98,
105, 109-11, 115, 125-29, 132-35,
140, 242, 255, 304, 306-07, 322-24,
326, 358, 421
—sectarian character—105, 108-11,
115, 118, 126-28, 140, 304, 313,
323, 404-05
—anti-democratic principle of its organisation—
115-18, 134-35, 255
—demoralisation of its members—
323, 331, 336
—attitude of its leaders to the Bismarck
government and feudal
reaction—177, 307, 323
—revolutionary opposition in it—
231, 252-53, 264, 299, 304, 397,
421
—and International Working Men's
Association—75, 116, 249, 321-23,
326, 331, 405, 511-12
—congress in Hamburg (1868)—75,
89-90, 105, 108, 115-17, 133, 134
—congress in Barmen-Elberfeld
(1869)—253, 255, 259, 264, 323
—General German Workers' Congress
in Berlin (1868)—105, 108,
112, 116, 126, 132-34
See also German Social-Democracy;
Lassalleanism, Lassalleans
General rate of profit— 23-24
Geology— 242, 369, 383
—study by Marx and Engels of
geology—84
German People's Party (from 1865) —20,
102, 231, 242, 257, 299, 304, 307-08,
313, 324, 326, 364, 428, 479
German philosophy—121, 152-55, 159,
173, 249, 486, 512, 527-28
See also Feuerbach, Feuerbachianism;
Hegel, Hegelianism
German Social-Democracy
—its name — 352
—conditions for the formation of the
Social-Democratic workers' party—
313-14
—Congress in Eisenach (1869), programme—
332, 335, 339, 345, 350,
352, 544
—and International Working Men's
Association—332, 335, 350, 364,
365, 464, 470, 499, 511, 517, 544
—struggle against Lassalleanism—
339, 345, 367, 369, 382, 405, 428,
511, 521, 544
— participation in the election struggle—
499, 500
—parliamentary activity—289, 343,
500
—and peasantry and agrarian question—
364, 365
See also General Association of German
Workers; International Working Men's
Association in Germany; Union of German
Workers' Associations
German Workers' Educational Society in
London (1840-1918)— 40, 132, 166
Germany
—Germans—115
—survivals of feudalism and their
elimination—364; see also Revolution
of 1848-49 in Germany
—industry—26-29
—railways—28-29
—speculation—29, 276
—agriculture and agrarian relations—
364, 365
—bureaucracy, officialdom—134
—clergy—356
—political system—289
— factory legislation—343, 352
—bourgeois liberalism of the
1860s—395
—democrats, democratic movement—
339
— prospects of revolution in the end
of the 1860s—126, 364, 429
—and Russia—289
See also Emigration; Prussia; Revolution
of 1848-49 in Germany; Workingclass
movement in Germany
Greece—258
Greek philosophy— 173
H
Hegel, Hegelianism
—Hegel's philosophy—123, 482, 509
—Hegel's dialectics—31, 482, 528
—Phänomenologie des Geistes—263
—and religion—482
—Prussian state—509
—Hegelians—246, 482
—and Marxism—31, 123-24, 527-28
—miscellaneous—39, 155, 276
Historiography—188, 195, 233, 244,
374, 388, 409, 415, 432-33, 438,
441-42
—formation and development of
Marxist historiography—80
I
Idealism— 490
See also Abstraction, abstract and
concrete ; Dialectics ; German
philosophy; Hegel, Hegelianism;
Speculative philosophy
India— 179, 181
Industrial reserve army—481
See also Pauperism
International Alliance of Socialist Democracy—
190-93, 198, 201-02, 218, 235-
37, 413-14, 424, 489-94
See also Bakuninism, Bakuninists; International
Working Men's Association
(First International); International
Working Men's Association; Congresses
and conferences
International solidarity of workers
—as expression of common interests
of the proletariat from different
countries—89, 289, 485
—workers' solidarity in strike struggle—
8, 203-05, 350, 396, 404-05
—and work for peace, against
wars—285
See also International Working Men's
Association (First International);
Party, proletarian; Working-class movement;
Strikes, strike movement
International Working Men's Association
and Austria-Hungary—75
International Working Men's Association
(First International) —236, 475-76,
486
—foundation of—537
—first programme documents (Inaugural
Address and Provisional
Rules)—124-25, 221, 236, 486
—struggle for class proletarian
character of—62-63, 78, 102, 135,
139, 142-43, 173-74, 375-78, 404,
520
—struggle for international solidarity
and united actions of the working
class in all countries—236, 485
—emancipation of workers as its
aim—235-36
—socialist principles in its programme—
3, 101, 364, 369, 393, 538;
see also International Working Men's
Association. Congresses and conferences
—programme demand for attainment
of political power by the
working class and creation of a
classless society—236, 491
—and political struggle of the working
class—474-76, 485, 490-91,
538
—question of the connection between
economic and political struggle of
the proletariat—350, 490-91, 538
—and trade organisations—91, 93,
134, 298, 335, 346, 350, 393, 403
—and strikes—8, 11, 62, 82, 101,
197, 201-02, 254, 274, 275, 277,
279, 283, 322, 342, 350, 396, 404,
553-54
—struggle for limitation of the working
day and higher wages—8
—and statistical surveys of the condition
of the working class—405,
538
—and co-operative movement—396-
97, 538
—and agrarian question, peasantry
and agricultural proletariat—364,
375, 393, 538
—and national question — 390-91,
398, 449, 473-76
—and struggle for the independence
of Ireland—364-65, 371, 375-77,
386-94, 397-98, 404, 441, 445, 447,
458, 472-76, 497
—struggle against Bonapartism—523
—struggle for independent stand of
proletariat in foreign policy,
against wars of conquest—94, 101-
02, 279, 283
—struggle against Mazzinists and
Mazzinism—240
—struggle against Proudhonists and
Proudhonism—94, 95, 100-02, 218
— struggle against Lassalleans and
Lassalleanism—75, 112, 115-18,
125, 127-28, 131-35, 172, 249, 304,
313, 322-23, 326, 331, 511
— struggle against reformism—3,
161, 253, 385-88, 392-93, 404, 437,
497
—struggle against Bakuninists and
Bakuninism—190-93, 201-02, 218,
235-37, 240, 332-34, 404-06, 413-
415, 430-31, 436, 451, 462, 479-81,
488-94, 506
—and women's question—131, 184
—and religion—495
—and organisational principles of
the Association (general characteristics)—
145, 236, 332, 404-05,
459, 464
—Rules and Regulations—134, 236,
332, 464
—General Council, its status, composition
and activity—79-80, 82,
92, 97, 101-02, 106, 128, 135, 145,
148, 161, 166, 184, 190, 198, 213,
218, 221, 275, 332, 340, 364,
375-76, 386-87, 392-93, 403-04,
412-14, 437, 459, 465, 471-73, 475,
478, 480, 491, 497, 504, 506, 538
—Subcommittee, Executive Committee—
143, 350, 404, 412, 437, 471
—local sections, federations, federal
councils, national organisations—
332, 405
—membership—459
—funds—91-92, 327, 341, 405, 464,
465
—Marx's and Engels' role in founding
the International and its activities—
79-82, 94, 96-98, 124-25,
161, 198, 214-15, 217-21, 269, 275,
338, 346-47, 406, 412-15, 437, 451,
471-76, 494, 511-13, 537-38
—Marx as Corresponding Secretary
pro tern for Belgium—405, 406,
411-14, 431, 441, 444
—Marx as Corresponding Secretary
for Germany—58-59, 75-76, 97-
98, 112, 116-18, 124-28, 149, 218,
239, 249, 258, 304, 313, 322-23,
332, 464, 470
— Marx as Corresponding Secretary
fot the Netherlands—462-65
— Marx as Corresponding Secretary
for Russia—430, 462, 468, 480,
493
— Marx as Corresponding Secretary
for German-language sections in
the USA—58-59, 96-97, 145, 148-
49, 471-76
—its press—392-93, 399, 404-05,
417-18, 497
—and the bourgeois press—36, 96,
504, 558
—and ruling classes, and police
persecution—43, 62, 505, 508,
558-59
See also International Working Men's
Association. Congresses and conferences;
International Working Men's Association
(in different countries)
International Working Men's Association.
Congresses and conferences
— functions and tasks of general congresses—
236
—Geneva Congress (1866)—95, 125,
221, 538
— Lausanne Congress (1867)—95,
258
—Brussels Congress (1868)—43, 91-
102, 106-07, 113, 131, 174, 202,
221, 258, 326, 404
—Basle Congress (1869)—304, 324,
338, 340, 346, 355, 364, 369, 393,
399, 405, 414, 459, 492, 543
— Mainz Congress (1870)—511, 513,
515, 517, 523, 537, 538
International Working Men's Association
in Austria—75, 350
International Working Men's Association
in Belgium— 43, 62, 101, 198, 273,
405, 411-15, 424, 430, 444, 538
International Working Men's Association
in England— 58, 128, 130, 161, 166,
195, 245, 346, 364-65, 386-88, 392-
93, 395, 400, 404, 418, 437, 471-76,
497, 504-05
International Working Men's Association
in France— 62, 91, 94, 95, 100-02,
294, 342, 414, 437, 444, 486, 489-90,
497, 504-05, 506, 524, 525, 536-37,
553-54
International Working Men's Association
in Germany— 26, 36, 75-76, 79, 91,
101, 110, 115-18, 127-28, 172, 214-
15, 218, 230, 249, 259, 260, 304, 307,
308, 313-14, 326, 331, 332, 350, 364,
365, 464, 470, 498-99, 511, 517,
543-44
International Working Men's Association
in Italy— 91, 350
International Working Men's Association
in the Netherlands—462-65
International Working Men's Association
in Russia—462, 468
International Working Men's Association
in Spain— 350, 497
International Working Men's Association
in Switzerland— 94, 253, 340, 404-05,
412-15, 424, 430, 437, 463, 479-80,
488, 489, 490, 491, 493, 494
International Working Men's Association
in the USA—58, 61, 96-97, 145,
148-49, 276, 377, 472
Inventions— 481
Ireland— 357, 363, 394, 409
—natural conditions—483
—common property, clans—388,
398, 483
—before British conquest in the 12th
cent.—410
—ancient laws—409, 416, 509-16
—British conquest—361, 398, 409,
415
—and English bourgeois revolution
(17th cent.)—363, 391, 398
—Anglo-Irish Union of 1801—390,
398, 473
—as British colony and citadel of
British landlordism—4, 363, 375,
386, 390, 473-74
—system of landlordism in Ireland —
4, 357, 363, 390, 473-74, 484
—its administration by British ruling
classes, their methods—357, 363,
391
—agrarian (tenant) relations—128,
353-57, 388, 480-81, 484
—agrarian revolution in mid-19th
century, concentration of lease-holding,
eviction of tenants from
land—474, 481, 484
—agrarian legislation of the British
government for Ireland, its class
character—432, 437, 456
—and prospect of radical solution of
agrarian question—4, 390, 473-74
—trade—357, 474
—relative overpopulation—356
—mass emigration as a result of
colonial oppression—473-75,
480-81
—and class struggle—394, 398, 399
—interconnection between national
liberation and economic struggle
(the land question as social basis of
the national question)—4, 390,
474
—uprising of the United Irishmen
(1798) —368, 398-99
—liberal-bourgeois national movement—
371, 392, 394-95, 399, 549
— Irish deputies in the British Parliament—
300, 297, 391
—-Orange camp—549
— and English state Church, persecution
of Catholics — 4, 165
—religious antagonism, its social
character—4, 549
—Catholic Church, clergy—399, 549
—separation of Church from the
State—549
— Ulster—4, 484
See also Fenians, Fenianism; Irish
question, the; Peasants (farmers);
Working class, Irish; Working-class
movement in Ireland
Irish question, the—4, 363, 390, 398,
447, 473-76
See also International Working Men's
Association (First International)
Italy— 91
L
Labour— 45, 68, 329, 352
See also Exploitation of labour power by
capital; Female labour; Productivity of
labour (productive power); Working
day
Land and Labour League (England,
1869) —364, 375, 412
Landed property
—the free circulation of land as a
condition of its concentration and
centralisation in the hands of
capitalists—409, 412
—severing of the ties of a landowner
with land under capitalism—385
—and price of land—32, 380-81,
386
—concentration of—474
—and mortgage—365
—ownership of land in India—434-
35
—ownership in a Celt commune—
388, 483; see also Primaeval Germanic
communal system
—feudal—364, 434
—of Church—4
—and usury—481
—expropriation of communal and
peasant landownership as a prerequisite
of capitalist mode of production—
277
—elimination and limitation of feudal
landownership as a result of
bourgeois revolution—412, 484
—peasant—365
—historical necessity of the abolition
of private property on land—393
—nationalisation of land as a demand
of working class and its
party—364, 365, 538
—abolition of private landownership
as a result of proletarian revolution—
364, 490
See also Feudalism; Landowner; Lease,
tenant; Parceling of land; Rent
Landowner—IS, 381, 385, 473-74
Land Tenure Reform Association (England,
1869)—412
Language
—English—230, 247
—Danish—253
—Dutch—247
—Frisian—247, 257
— Irish—410, 501, 514, 517-18
—Russian—186, 362-63
—Maloross —186
Lassalleanism, Lassalleans—118, 132-35,
259-60, 336
—Lassalle and his role in the German
working-class movement—87-
88, 132-35, 259-60, 331, 522, 524
—criticism of Lassalle's theoretical
views—188, 213, 259-60, 261, 263,
352
—criticism of theoretical statements
of Lassalleans after his death—72,
75, 89-90, 98, 105-06, 112, 115-17,
119-20, 127-28, 131, 133-35, 274,
328, 367, 369
—dogmatic and sectarian nature of
movement—105-06, 108-12, 115-
16, 118, 125, 127-28, 133-35, 140,
304, 313, 323
—and demand of universal suffrage—
133
—demand of state credit for productive
associations—105, 133, 260,
328
—the 'iron law of wages'—544
—thesis on 'one single reactionary
mass'—140
—stance towards the Prussian government
and feudal reaction—
133, 308, 323
—on class struggle and ways of
gaining political power by the
working class—188
—sectarian stance towards trade-union
and strike movements—105,
112, 115-20, 127, 133-36, 140, 172,
176, 255, 260
—and working-class movement—
133, 255
—criticism of Lassalle's personality
cult—88, 115, 135, 420
See also General Association of German
Workers; German Social-Democracy;
International Working Men's Association
(First International); Union of
German Workers' Associations
Law of conservation and transformation of
energy— 246
Law of tendency of the rate of profit to fall
—its interpretation by Marx and its
definition—24
Law of value—24, 68-69
Law(s)
—of nature—67
—of biology—217, 527
—of society as natural laws—67
—of population, criticism of Malthus'
law of population—527
—of history—191, 527
See also Economic laws
League of Peace and Freedom (1867)—
202, 489
Lease, tenant—128, 365, 386, 456, 480-
81, 484
See also Expropriation; Ireland
Literature
—style of—186
—English—292, 297, 344, 466, 507,
509, 512, 541, 546
—French—131, 174, 189, 263, 265,
297-98, 509
—German—263, 295, 331, 466, 489,
528, 541
—Old Norse—295
—Persian—336
—Spanish—156
See also Poetry
M
Machiavellianism—463
Machines (machine production)—31-33
—and growth of the industrial reserve
army—480-81
See also Inventions
Malthusianism— 217, 383, 527
Marxist political economy (general
characteristics)—21-25, 39, 68-69
See also 'Capital' by K. Marx; 'Capital',
Volume One; 'Capital', Volume
Two; 'Capital', Volume Three; 'Capital',
Volume Four
Marx, Karl
—biographical information —123-25
—Engels on Marx's role in the international
working-class movement—
81
—before 1844—123
—during the 1848-49 revolution —
76, 124; see also Revolution of
1848-49 in Germany
—in 1849-63—124-25
—in the First International (1864-
70)—7-8, 16, 40, 75-76, 78, 89-90,
124-25, 127-28, 130, 154, 166, 189,
211, 214, 225, 243, 262-63, 297,
359-60, 445-49, 460, 528; see also
International Working Men's Association
(First International)
See also 'Capital' by K. Marx; Communism;
German Workers' Educational
Society in London; Marxist political
economy; Party, proletarian; Russia;
Working-class movement
Materialism—183, 246
See also Dialectics; Feuerbach, Feuerbachianism;
Greek philosophy
Mazzinism, Mazzinists— 240
Medicine—314
Mercantile system—67
Merchants—19, 24
See also Commercial (merchant)
capital
Method
—dialectical—37, 528
—in Capital by Marx—21, 37, 68-69,
210, 527-28
See also Dialectics
Military science
—study by Marx and Engels of the
military history and military-theoretical
problems—283, 402-05
Money
—as a measure of value—16-18
—its conversion into capital—32, 33,
39
—and wages —16-18
—on its analysis in Marx's A Contribution
to the Critique of Political
Economy—210
—on its analysis in Marx's Capital—
39
—bourgeois theories on the origin
and essence of money—39, 224,
385
See also Bill of exchange
Monopolies
—monopolisation of land—24, 381
—in branches of industry—28
See also England (Great Britain)
Music—292, 507
See also Opera
N
Napoleonic wars—437
Nation— 429
See also Nationality; National question
Nationalisation of land—364, 365, 393,
538
Nationality— 332, 390-91, 429, 434
National Labour Union of the United
States (1866)—97, 148, 184, 279,
283, 351
National Liberals (Germany, from
1866)—230, 477
National movement— 390, 394, 398-99,
475
See also Fenians, Fenianism; Irish
question, the
National question— 3-4, 363, 375-76,
390-91, 394, 398, 409, 429-30, 444,
473-75
See also Anti-colonial struggle; Colonies,
colonial policy; International
Working Men's Association (First International);
Irish question, the; National
movement; Polish question, the; Working-
class movement
National Reform League (England, from
1849)—334
Natural science—13, 174, 183, 246, 369
— Marx's and Engels' studies in
natural science—13
See also Chemistry; Geology
Nature
—natural laws and society—68
Necessity and chance—232
Needs—68
North German Confederation (1867-71)—
288
O
Obrok—see Peasant services
Omladina (political organisation of the
Serbian Liberal bourgeoisie, 1866-
72)—468
Opera— 292
Orangeism (in Ireland)—549
P
Pan-Slavism— 219, 336
Parcelling of land— 412, 484
See also Peasants (farmers)
Parliament
—use of bourgeois parliament by
representatives of the working
class—128, 289, 343, 499
See also Corruption; Parliament, British;
Suffrage
Parliament, British—161
See also England (Great Britain)
Party of Progress in Germany (1861-
1884)—252
Party, proletarian—103, 134, 289, 313,
343, 354, 364-65, 498
See also Communists, communist
movement
Pauperism—434, 481
Peasant services
—the obrok (rent) to the landowner—
434
Peasants (farmers)—156, 364, 365, 394
—English—481, 484
—French—434
—German—365; see also Germany
— Irish, tenant movements in Ireland—
128, 394, 549; see also
Emigration ; Ireland
—Russian, peasant movements in
Russia—154, 429, 434-35; see also
Commune, Russian; Russia
—Swiss—209-10
Petty bourgeoisie—114, 490
See also Peasants (farmers)
Petty bourgeoisie, English—114
Philosophy—123-24, 173
See also Dialectics; German philosophy;
Greek philosophy ; Idealism ; Materialism
Physiocrats—39, 67
Physiology— 263-64
Poetry
—Dutch—295
—German—323, 373
— Spanish —156
See also Literature
Polish question, the—437-38, 442
Political economy—36, 68-69, 128
See also Bourgeois political economy;
Economic categories; Economic laws;
Marxist political economy; Ricardianism;
Smith, Adam, theory of
Political struggle—136, 175, 490-91, 538
See also Working-class movement
Poor Laws—484
Population— 381, 527
See also Emigration; Industrial reserve
army ; Malthusianism
Positivism (Comtism)—242, 244, 246,
261, 293, 459-60
Prevision, forecast
—forecast of economic crises—186-
87, 296
—forecasts by Marx and Engels of
different social, political, and historical
phenomena and events—
161
—prevision of inevitable war conflicts
between capitalist powers, of nature
and consequences of
wars—36
— forecasts about development of revolutionary
movement and revolution—
233, 429-30, 450
— Marxist methodology of scientific
prevision of communist society—
68-69
Price
—influence of fluctuations of on
monetary circulation —16-18
—and wage(s)—480-81
—influence of the price of raw materials
on die rate of profit—23
—price of production—24
—corn prices—385
—cotton price—181, 254, 395
—bourgeois economists on price-formation—
25, 45-46
Price (value) of land—32, 380-81, 386
Primaeval Germanic communal system—
154, 385-86, 434-35
Private property—343-44, 364, 393, 490,
542
Production costs— 21-22, 24, 382
Productive power—24
Productivity of labour (productive
power)—17-18
Profit
—analysis and study of—21-25
—in classical bourgeois political
economy—45-46, 385
—apologetic interpretation of by
bourgeois political economy—23-
25
See also Rate of profit; Rent; Surplus
value
Progress—184
See also Development
Protestantism— 4
See also Church
Proudhonism, Proudhonists—94, 95, 100-
02, 133, 186, 216, 225, 233, 364, 429
Prussia
—power of the military, militarism—
366
—the police—221
—and French Revolution and
Napoleonic wars—432-33, 437
—in 1850s-70s—30, 288-90
— finances, budget, taxes—395
—political system—133, 289
—legislation—140, 397
—and Austria—288-89, 432-33,
437-38
—and Germany—125, 288-89, 377
—and Poland, Poland's oppression
by—437-38
—and Russia—327, 433, 438
—and Spain—109, 131
See also Army—Prussian; German Social-
Democracy; Germany; Working-class
movement in Germany
R
Radicals—435
Railways— 29, 438
Rate of profit—16-18, 21-23, 30-31, 383,
385
See also Profit
Rate of surplus value—16-18, 22-23,
28-29
See also Exploitation of labour power by
capital
Reality— 68, 69, 128, 236
Reformism, struggle with—3, 253, 336
See also International Working Men's
Association (First International); Lassalleanism,
Lassalleans; Proudhonism,
Proudhonists
Reform League (England, 1865)—161,
244-45
Religion—4, 133, 246
See also Atheism; Catholicism;
Church; Clergy, the; Protestantism
Rent
—and law of value—24
—and conditions of its formation—
370, 378-86
—as a form of additional profit—25
—as economic form of realisation of
private property on land—24, 381
—as a form of landowners' income—
381
—methods of calculation—128
—historical character—383
—and differences in the location and
fertility between land tracts—378-
83, 385-86
—and improvements in agriculture—
128, 381
—and interest on capital invested in
land—128, 380, 383, 386
—and price of production—24
—and its influence on value and
prices of agricultural products—
385
—as a subject of study by Marx—24,
61
—in Proudhonist theory—383
—in theories of various vulgar
economists—25, 128, 370, 378-86
See also Differential rent ; Landed property;
Nationalisation of land; Price
(value) of land; Ricardianism; Smith,
Adam, theory of
Reproduction— 381-82
—on its study in Capital—21
Republican movement—444
Revolution— 429, 490
Revolution of 1848-49 in Germany—289,
420
Revolution of 1848-49 in Italian states—
109
Revolution, proletarian, socialist—364,
474, 475, 490
See also Communism; International
solidarity of workers; Revolution, social
Revolution, social—4, 450, 490
Ricardianism— 69, 224, 263, 370, 378-
81, 383, 385
Right— 490
See also Court, judicial system; Serfdom;
Suffrage
Russia (Russian Empire)
—reform of 1861 (its causes and
character)—426, 429-30
—after 1861—426
—development of capitalism—56
—railways, railway construction—
261, 438
—agrarian relations, agriculture—
426, 434
— foreign trade—375, 439
— finances—438-39
—internal and foreign loans—261
—the students, youth—430, 499-500
—science, literature, culture—423-
24, 429-30, 450, 545
—revolutionary and radical thinking
in the 19th century—423-24, 430,
450
—Marx and Engels about Chernyshevsky—
531
—beginning of dissemination of
Marxism—121, 126, 130, 147
—persecution of revolutionary movement
by tsarism, political trials—
480, 531
—development of revolutionary situation—
429-30, 433, 450
—international significance of the
Russian revolution—450
—study of Russian by Marx and
Engels—362-63, 389-90, 410, 450,
528, 551
—Marx and Engels on their study of
Russian literature on economic and
social relations in Russia—55, 154,
389-90, 419, 423-24, 426, 429-30,
434, 450, 527
—links of Marx and Engels with
Russian revolutionaries—154, 172,
186, 189, 190, 202, 362-64, 462,
468, 528, 530-31
—links of Marx and Engels with
Russian personalities in science
and culture—120, 121, 123-25,
130, 360, 362, 389-90
—foreign policy and diplomacy before
the 19th century—433, 436,
438, 440
—foreign policy and diplomacy in
1850s-60s—64, 261, 435
—and Asia—373
—and Austria—433, 438
—and Prussia—433, 438
S
Saint-Simonism, Saint-Simonists—260,
490
Schiller Institute, the (Manchester)—46,
64, 100, 118
Science— 36, 68-69, 128, 213-14, 236
See also Natural science; Philosophy;
Political economy
Secret societies—134
Sectarianism—105, 112, 115-16, 133-34,
313, 485, 489-90
See also Bakuninism, Bakuninists; Lassalleanism,
Lassalleans
Serfdom— 434
See also Feudalism
Smith, Adam, theory of—25, 45-46
Socialism in Germany (theories and
trends) —213
Socialism, socialists in France—233,
428-29
See also Proudhonism, Proudhonists;
Saint-Simonism, Saint-Simonists
Socialism (theories and trends)—105,
132-33, 260, 383
Socialist movement in France—232-33,
546
See also International Working Men's
Association in France; Proudhonism,
Proudhonists; Saint-Simonism, Saint-Simonists;
Socialism, socialists in France;
Working-class movement in France
Société du dix Décembre—504, 523
Society— 24-25, 136, 149, 175, 217, 527
Society, bourgeois— 24-25, 217, 383
See also Capitalist mode of production ;
Civilisation ; Corruption ; Exploitation
of labour power by capital; Pauperism;
Productive power; State, the
Society of Arts and Trades (England)—
287, 297, 372
Sources, historical—390, 398
Spain—137, 240
—fifth Spanish revolution (1868-
74)—108, 109, 113, 115, 119, 131,
137
—and France—109, 131
—and Prussia—108, 109, 115, 119,
131
Speculation (econ.)—7, 11, 388
Speculative philosophy—123
State, the—4, 133, 154, 175, 424, 491
Statistics—179, 181-82, 186-87, 189,
277, 480-81, 484-85
Stock Exchange—7
Strikes, strike movement—275-76
—as a form of proletarian class
struggle—350
See also International Working Men's
Association (First International);
Working-class movement
Suffrage— 133, 499
Surplus value
—elaboration of the theory by
Marx—21-25
—natural basis of—385
—interpretation of it by vulgar
bourgeois economists—385, 483
See also Rate of surplus value; Rent;
Ricardianism ; Profit
Switzerland— 209, 336, 343, 484-85
T
Tartars— 429
Taxes, taxation—154, 429, 434
Theory and practice— 24, 36, 160, 210,
235-36
Trade(s) unions (coalitions) in Germany—
115-17, 125, 134, 140, 335
Trade(s) unions in Britain—260
—repeal of the Combination Laws
(1824)—554
—and political struggle of workers—
403
—graft of reformist trade-union
leaders by the bourgeoisie—256,
395
—the London Trades' Council—114,
135
—and International Working Men's
Association—403
See also Working-class movement in
England (Great Britain)
Trade(s) unions, trade-union movement—
115-16, 134-35, 260
See also Economic struggle of workers;
International Working Men's Association
(First International); Trade(s)
unions (coalitions) in Germany;
Trade(s) unions in Britain
'True' Socialism—262
U
Union of German Workers' Associations
—the Nuremberg Congress (1868) —
73, 75, 91, 102, 110-11, 115, 118,
249, 304
—participation in elections, Parliamentary
activities—230, 255,
274, 315
—and International Working Men's
Association —75-76, 91, 102, 110-
11, 115-17, 135, 172, 230, 249,
259, 260, 304, 307-08, 313, 326,
331, 332, 335, 405
—struggle with Lassalleanism—73,
75-76, 109, 110, 115-17, 127-28,
131-33, 135, 172, 175, 176, 230-31,
242, 249, 250, 253-57, 263, 264,
299-300, 304, 306-07, 313, 323-26,
328, 331, 339, 345
United States of America
—territory, population—384
—immigration, its role—225-26, 384,
386
—agriculture, farming, landownership,
agrarian relations—
181, 186-87, 384, 386
—foreign policy—435
—and Britain—225-26, 435
—and Russia—435
Urquhartism, Urquhartites—159, 165-66,
345
US Civil War, 1861-65—225
Usury, usurers—481
See also Landed property
V
Value
—its determination—65, 68-69
—its analysis and study—68
—its form—39
—and price of production—24
—in theories of vulgar bourgeois
political economy—65-68, 525
—developing of as a revenue by
bourgeois political economy—25,
45-46
See also Commodity; Law of value;
Money; Price; Ricardianism; Smith,
Adam, theory of
Vulgar bourgeois political economy—17,
23-25, 39, 65-69, 128, 158, 224,
235-36, 371, 379-86
See also Malthusianism
W
Wage(s)—21
—as a form of variable capital—21,
22
— as a component part of production
costs—21-22
—as workers' income—25
—and means of subsistence—480-81
—and working day—8, 257, 278,
352
—and cases of its reduction—202,
257, 278, 344, 474
—workers' struggle for its increase—
202, 274, 278, 491
—and price of commodity—481
—and money—17-18
—and rate of surplus value—16-17
—and rate of profit—16-17
—and capitalist competition and
foreign trade—202
—and economic crises—278
—and competition among workers—
344
—influence of emigration and immigration
on its level—344, 474,
480-81
— on its analysis in Marx' works—
21-22, 25
—in Adam Smith's theory—45-46
—criticism of its bourgeois definitions—
17, 25, 26, 45-46
—criticism of Lassalle's 'iron law of
wages'—544
—criticism of its vulgar understanding—
17, 25, 26, 479, 490-91
War(s)—416
—war danger in the 1860s—288-89
See also Army; Austro-Prussian war,
1866; Military science; Napoleonic
wars; US Civil War, 1861-65; Wars
of the First French Republic
Wars of the First French Republic (late
18th-early 19th cent.)—433, 437
Women's question and women's movement—
20, 184
See also Female labour
Worker—26, 274
See also Agricultural workers; Exploitation
of labour power by capital; Labour;
Wage(s); Working class; Working day
Working class— 94, 235-36, 364, 394,
398, 444, 474-76
See also Agricultural workers; Class
struggle; International solidarity of
workers; Party, proletarian; Revolution,
proletarian, socialist; Science; Worker;
Working-class movement
Working class, Czech—152
Working class in Austria—152
See also Working-class and socialist
movement in Austria
Working class in England—3-4, 156,
163-65, 390-91, 398, 444, 449,
474-76
See also Working-class movement in
England (Great Britain)
Working class in France—204, 289, 427,
523, 524, 553-54
See also Working-class movement in
France
Working class in Germany—115-16, 289
See also Working-class movement in
Germany
Working class in Spain—240
Working class in Switzerland—193
See also Working-class and socialist
movement in Switzerland
Working class, Irish— 399, 480-81, 484
See also Working-class movement in
Ireland
Working-class movement
—general characteristics, its tasks—
89, 115-16, 133-34, 235-36, 336,
352, 426-27
—its aims—235-36
— trade(s) unions as a school of class
struggle for workers—115-17, 260
—necessity to combine workers'
economic and political struggle—
538
—and revolutionary theories—235,
485
—ideological struggle within it—132-
35, 235-36
—internationalism as its inherent feature—
89, 289
—importance of struggle for suffrage
and parliamentary activities
of representatives of the working
class—499, 500
—and struggle against national oppression—
3-4, 375-76, 390-91,
394, 398, 444, 474-76
—until 1848—427
See also Chartism, Chartist movement;
Class struggle ; International solidarity of
workers; International Working Men's
Association (First International);
Party, proletarian; Strikes, strike movement;
Trade(s) unions, trade-union
movement; Women's question and
women's movement; Working class
Working-class and socialist movement in
Austria—IS, 152
Working-class and socialist movement in
Polish lands—350
Working-class and socialist movement in
Switzerland— 209-10, 240, 335
See also Bakuninism, Bakuninists; International
Working Men's Association
(First International)
Working-class movement in England
(Great Britain)—3-4, 163, 336, 391,
437, 554
—struggle for political rights (for
electoral reform)—20
—temporary victory of reformism, its
causes—3-4, 395, 497
—strike movement—257, 277-78,
554
See also Chartism, Chartist movement;
International Working Men's Association
in England; Land and Labour
League; Reform League; Trade(s) unions
in Britain
Working-class movement in France—203-
04, 342-43, 396, 524, 553-54
See also Bakuninism, Bakuninists; International
Working Men's Association
(First International); Socialist movement
in France
Working-class movement in Germany—75,
89-90, 115, 125, 134, 136, 214-15,
218, 220-21, 230-31, 244, 289, 304,
313, 336, 352, 396-97, 420, 436, 499
See also General Association of German
Workers; German Social-Democracy;
International Working Men's Association
in Germany; Trade (s) unions
(coalitions) in Germany; Union of German
Workers' Associations; Working
class in Germany
Working-class movement in Ireland—396
Working day
—and wages—8, 257-58, 277-78, 352
See also Female labour
World market
—and competition—203-04, 475
—monopoly of England on the world
market—447, 475





MECW VOL 44




A
Agricultural labourers— 165, 184
Agriculture—40, 165, 184
Agronomy— 40
Anarchism, anarchists—87-90, 162-63,
387
See also Bakuninism, Bakuninists
Anglo-French commercial treaty, 1860—
11, 19
Annexation—47, 53, 92
See also Franco-Prussian war, 1870-
71 — annexation of Alsace and Lorraine
by Germany
Anti-communism (criticism and exposure
by Marx and Engels) —130
—of the ruling classes; persecution
and slandering of communists —
130, 343; see also Paris Commune of
1871—ruling classes' slander campaign
against the Commune and
the First International
—of petty-bourgeois ideologists —
186
Army
—French—12, 22, 42, 108
— Italian — 42
—of the German states — 20-21
—Prussian—12, 20-21
See also Navy
Atheism—163, 164, 185, 255, 281
See also Bakuninism, Bakininists—
and atheism
Austria (until 1867)—120, 415, 491
See also Austro-Prussian war, 1866
Austria-Hungary (from 1867) — 415,
491, 520
Austro-Prussian war, 1866—38, 40, 47,
57
Authority
—as a single, controlling will — 286,
307
—and revolution —293, 295
—of the proletarian party and its
leadership — 311, 350; see also
Party, proletarian—party discipline
—anarchist negation of any authority
and authoritarian methods of
anarchist leaders —285, 293-95,
307-08; see also Bakuninism,
Bakuninists—negation of authority
B
Bakuninism, Bakuninists
—as a variety of petty-bourgeois
socialism —26, 162, 306
—as an anarchist trend—162, 308-
09, 394, 508, 520-21
—social roots of—255, 285-86, 306,
309-10, 338, 369, 403-04
—sectarian character of— 162, 163,
172, 180, 181, 183, 255, 285, 300,
301, 312, 512
—theoretical views—162-64, 183-84,
255, 306-09
—dogmatism and doctrinairism—
164, 255, 301, 307, 320-21, 339,
369, 403-04
—idealist character of Bakuninist
views—163, 307, 397
—views on the State —88-89, 162-63,
307, 520
—abstention from political action by
the proletariat —80, 162, 172, 255,
257, 270, 272, 282, 307, 309, 311,
331, 395, 567
—negation of authority—162, 269,
285, 286, 293-95, 307, 310, 394,
567
—anarchist view of autonomy — 269,
293, 295, 307, 309, 338, 368,
394
—economic views of—162, 271, 286,
307
—demand for the abolition of the
right of inheritance—162, 163,
255
— theory of social liquidation — 306-
07
—demand for the equality of
classes — 255
—on revolution and revolutionaries—
293, 295, 312
—on future society — 307
—attitude towards the working class
and its movement — 393, 408
—and atheism—163, 255, 281
—and science — 255
—and Proudhonism—162, 255, 306,
309
—disorganising activities in the working-
class movement — 34, 162-66,
172, 181-82, 220, 255-57, 263-64,
269-71, 276, 284-86, 292-95, 300,
306-12, 331, 358, 368, 384, 397-99,
401-02, 407-08, 415-17, 428, 456,
475, 494, 507, 585; see also International
Alliance of Socialist Democracy
—blocs with reformists — 255-57,
309, 311, 407
—adventurism and voluntarism of
Bakuninist tactics —88-89, 162,
387, 520
—in Belgium —255, 263, 264, 289,
309, 361, 384, 387, 393, 399,
401-03, 416, 475, 494, 567, 585
—in France —88-89, 162-64, 256,
257, 270, 308, 310-11
—and German working-class movement—
309, 311
—in Italy—162, 180, 255, 264, 278,
306-10, 312, 338, 358, 369, 404,
419, 424, 456, 475, 494, 509,
567
—and Nechayevism—256, 311,
422
—in Russia —256, 270, 300, 311-12,
347, 396
—in Spain—162, 172, 255, 264,
270-71, 277-78, 282, 289, 307, 309,
338, 358, 361, 365, 368-69, 374-75,
387, 394, 408, 415, 417, 420,
424-26, 431, 436, 441, 448-49, 453,
456, 475, 493-94, 509, 520-21, 538,
567
—in Switzerland—163, 164, 181,
183, 233, 255, 256, 264, 269, 278,
292-95, 308, 401, 494, 508, 512,
585; see also International Working
Men's Association in Switzerland—
Bakuninist Jura Federation, its
splitting activities
—collapse of, in the international
working-class movement — 337
See also Anarchism, anarchists; International
alliance of anarchists; International
Working Men's Association—
struggle against Bakuninists and
Bakuninism
Belgium—171
See also Bakuninism, Bakuninists;
France—and Belgium; International
Working Men's Association (First International);
International Working
Men's Association. Congresses and
Conferences; International Working
Men's Association in Belgium; Working-
class and socialist movement in Belgium
Blanquism, Blanquists—443, 447, 458,
467, 509, 520, 583
Bonapartism
— foreign policy of—46
Bourgeoisie— 88, 92, 108, 112, 306
Bourgeoisie, French—46
Bourgeoisie, German—47, 92, 118,
129
Bourgeois political economy—165, 469
c
Capital— 239-40, 307, 504
'Capital' by Karl Marx— 344, 541
'Capital', Volume One
—Engels on its contents and significance—
375
—propaganda of—212
—distribution of, among workers —
344, 375-76, 547
—comments on it in bourgeois and
petty-bourgeois circles — 4, 477
—first Russian edition—152, 174,
239-40, 262-63, 283, 362, 377, 385,
399-400, 422, 438, 540, 576, 578,
582
—authorised French edition—100,
212, 258, 284, 298, 302, 344, 347,
362, 377, 379, 385, 396, 399, 405,
421-23, 435, 438, 450, 457, 460,
470, 473, 474, 488, 497, 515, 517,
519, 547, 574, 576, 578, 582, 584,
587
—second German edition— 100, 283,
286, 298, 301, 362, 377, 385, 396,
399, 405, 409, 421, 435, 473, 474,
488, 495, 496, 523, 540-41, 543,
551, 567, 574, 576, 582, 587
—English edition —212, 258, 385,
474, 541, 576
—Spanish translation — 301
—Italian translation — 457
Centralisation, political—294, 295
Chartism, Chartist movement—181
Chemistry— 240, 503
Christianity— 514
Church— 397
Civil war— 128, 132
Class(es)—123, 184, 258, 307, 414,
433
—abolition of classes and class distinctions
in communist society —
184, 414, 433; see also Communism
(socio-economic formation)
See also Bourgeoisie; Class struggle;
Revolution, proletarian, socialist; Working
class
Class struggle
—various stages in the class struggle
of the proletariat against the
bourgeoisie—137
—of the workers against the
bourgeoisie in the period of developed
capitalism—258, 414, 433
—Paris Commune as a point of
departure of the new phase in the
class struggle of the workers
against the bourgeoisie—137; see
also Paris Commune of 1871— its
historical significance
—economic struggle of the workers
against the bourgeoisie — 258, 414,
433
—political struggle as a form
of—258
—and revolution —258, 414, 433
See also Civil war; Class(es); Economic
struggle of workers; Political struggle;
Revolution, proletarian, socialist; Working-
class movement
Communism (socio-economic formation)
—as the aim of the revolutionary
working-class movement, of proletarian
revolution—162, 258,
414, 433
—indispensability of the proletarian
party for the triumph of proletarian
revolution—131, 258,
414, 433
—period of transition from capitalism
to communism (socialism) —
337
—abolition of private property; public
property in the means of production—
184, 307, 342
—production—184, 307
—agriculture — 184
—elimination of class antitheses and
differences; classless society—184,
414, 433
—communist transformation of society
and withering away of the
State—162-63, 307
—criticism of Utopian theories of a
future society — 307
Communism, Utopian—477, 478
See also Blanquism, Blanquists
Communists, communist movement
—initial period of the movement,
penetration of communist ideas
into the working class—172-73
—and the First International—162-
63, 172, 181, 184
Confederation of the Rhine—47
Courts of law, judicial system—360
Crimean war, 1853-56— 74, 93-94
Customs Union (Germany, Ï834-71)
—Customs Parliament—72
D
Danish war, 1864—67
Dialectics
—in nature—503
—in politics — 51
—method of research—344
—and political economy—344
—in Marx's Capital—541
Dictatorship of the proletariat
—historical necessity of—184, 258,
331, 414, 433
—conquest of political power as mission
of the working class — 414,
433
—demand for, in the programme
documents of the working-class
movement — 414, 433
—destruction of the bourgeois state
machinery—131
—state property in the means of
production — 184
—expropriation of landed estates—
184
—international character of—131,
137
—role of the proletarian party in the
conquest of political power, in the
establishment of the dictatorship of
the proletariat and in the implementation
of its functions —
414, 433
—political domination of the proletariat
as a means of building a
classless society—184, 331
See also Communism (socio-economic
formation); Party, proletarian; Period of
transition from capitalism to communism
(socialism); Revolution, proletarian,
socialist; Working class; Working-class
movement—internationalism as its inherent
feature
Diplomacy— 75
See also Foreign policy
Doctrinairism, doctrinaires
—in the socialist movement—300,
307, 338, 346
Dogmatism— 255
See also Bakuninism, Bakuninists—
dogmatism and doctrinairism
E
Economic crises—504
Economic laws—504, 536
Economic struggle of workers—258, 414,
433
Economics and politics—258
Emigration
—bourgeois-democratic, petty-bourgeois—
256-57, 582
—revolutionary—173, 205, 357
—proletarian —173, 205, 209, 265,
357
—of Paris Communards—154, 176,
198, 204, 209, 224, 234, 241, 256,
261, 264, 265, 268-70, 274-75,
281, 342, 357, 563, 566, 572,
583
—French, prior to 1871—33, 65,
141, 342
—German in England, from the mid-
1850s—154
— Italian—173, 185-86, 198
—Polish —175, 224, 276
—Russian — 391; see also Bakuninism,
Bakuninists ; International
Working Men's Association in Russia
Engels, Frederick
—biographical data—163, 228,
425-26
—in 1849-63—172-73
—in the First International period —
15, 18, 22, 29, 34; 51, 70, 96, 118,
125-27, 141, 159-62, 191, 215, 224,
234, 248, 259, 271, 277-78, 302-03,
329-31, 340, 343, 345, 374, 384-85,
416-17, 420, 426, 441, 444, 449-51,
460, 465, 477, 490-91, 507-08,
516-17, 535-38
—study of languages —311, 330, 467
See also Communists, Communist movement;
Military science—Marx on Engels'
studies in military history; Natural
science; Party, proletarian; Russia; Working-
class movement
England (Great Britain)—11, 75, 93
—in the 1850s (from 1849)—172
—system of tenant farming or
métayage— 165
—oligarchic character of government—
14
—courts of law, judicial system, criminal
legislation, lawyers—360
—press, bourgeois—23, 80, 86
—and the Paris Declaration of
1856 — 74, 94
—and the Franco-Prussian war,
1870-71 — 14, 74, 92-93, 114
—and France—14, 100
—and Russia—32-33
F
Factory legislation—102, 105, 258
Fenians, Fenianism—208, 453
Foreign policy
—attitude of the working class to the
foreign policy of the ruling
classes—9, 14, 17, 31, 72, 87
See also Diplomacy
France
—classes, class relations, class
struggle—10-11
—coup d'état of 2 December 1851
(the 18th Brumaire of Louis
Bonaparte) — 505
—trade—11; see also Anglo-French
commercial treaty, 1860
—domestic situation, home policy —
3, 8, 13, 499, 504-05
—monarchist groups — 41, 49, 67-68,
499, 505
—bourgeoisie—46
—working class — 3 , 14, 46, 72, 93
—peasantry—165
—aggravation of class contradictions—
10-11, 14
—growth of opposition sentiments in
society — 3, 38
—impending revolution—14, 41, 48,
49, 55
—collapse of the Second Empire, its
causes—41, 48, 51
—revolution of 4 September 1870,
proclamation of the republic — 65,
67
—workers' uprising in Lyons on 4
September 1870, proclamation of
the Commune —88-89, 162
— proclamation by workers of Communes
in Marseilles and
Toulouse — 88
—Government of National Defence,
its policy—61, 68, 108-09, 112-13
—popular resistance to the Prussian
intervention and occupation — 68,
92-94
—Thiers government, preparation of
a monarchist coup d'état and
unleashing of a civil war—137,
149
—National Assembly—128, 505
—political parties of the ruling
classes—499, 504-05, 547
—during the Second Empire — 6, 38
—during the Third Republic—87-
88, 505
—and Belgium—11
—and Germany (during the Second
Empire)—46
—and the unification of Germany —
46
—and Luxembourg—6
—and Prussia (during the Second
Empire)—10, 38
See also French Revolution of the 18th
century; International Working Men's
Association in France; Paris Commune of
1871; Revolution of 1848 in France;
Working-class movement in France
Franco-Prussian war, 1870-71
—nature and peculiarities — 3, 6, 12,
14, 17-18, 31, 37, 46-47, 51, 71-72,
196
—causes, diplomatic preparation
for— 196
—change in its character in the
course of hostilities—41, 82, 196
—forces of the belligerents—6, 7,
20-22, 35, 42, 111
—course of hostilities — 6, 7, 12, 13,
18, 19, 30, 35, 39, 41-42, 48, 53,
54, 62, 63, 67-68, 70, 73-74, 92,
93, 108, 109, 112
—major battles of the initial period
of—54
—siege and surrender of Metz
(August-October 1870)—53, 62, 68
—French army's surrender at Sedan
(1-2 September 1870), its political
consequences — 61, 109, 113
—siege of Paris (September 1870-
January 1871)—16, 53, 58, 63,
69-70, 73-74, 80, 93, 108, 112
—prospects for the continuation of
the war by France— 18, 72, 74, 93,
110, 111, 113, 114
—francs-tireurs, popular resistance
to the Prussian invaders—19, 58-
59, 68, 93
—cruelty of the invaders — 92, 93
—peace negotiations, truce and surrender
of Paris on 28 January
1871 — 108, 109, 112, 113
—German demands and preliminary
peace terms—109-10, 113
—annexation of Alsace and Lorraine
by Germany—19, 41, 44, 47, 51,
53, 58-59, 62, 71, 82, 98
—and the Bonapartist regime — 8, 9,
10, 12-14, 39-41, 47, 48, 51, 61,
85, 109, 113
—and the domestic situation in
France—18, 39, 41, 49, 57, 76, 77
— policy of the Government of National
Defence —55, 68, 72-74, 87,
90, 102, 108-09, 112-13
—and the French bourgeoisie—46,
68, 88, 112, 114, 122
—and the French working class — 8,
14, 46, 47, 64, 67, 69-72, 74, 80,
88, 93, 122
—and the revolutionary and democratic
movement in France — 3, 14,
39, 41, 49, 65, 70
—and the domestic situation in Germany—
9, 11, 13-14, 16, 46, 47,
75-79, 85-87, 113
—and the Prussian government's policy—
9, 18, 19, 23, 39, 41, 45, 51,
53, 66, 68, 75, 77, 85, 92-94, 102,
109-11, 113-14, 196
—and the attitude taken by the
South-German states — 6, 12
—and the German bourgeoisie — 6,
10, 13, 19, 39, 41, 42, 46-47, 52,
59, 62, 66, 79, 87, 92, 102, 118
—and German working class — 3, 10,
13, 46, 69-72, 75-77, 79, 87, 118,
196, 269
—and German Social-Democracy, its
internationalism — 3, 13, 16, 18,
19, 45-48, 50-51, 65, 66, 69-71, 75,
77, 79, 82, 85, 90, 96, 116, 196
—and Great Britain —9, 11, 14, 16,
18, 22-23, 32, 34, 40, 44, 50, 52,
55, 66, 68, 70, 74, 77, 80, 82,
84-86, 92-94, 108, 110, 112, 114,
116, 120
—and the British working class—11,
13, 22, 70, 77, 82, 96, 102, 196
—and Russia—13, 18, 32, 38, 42,
47, 51, 59, 66, 68, 74, 87-88,
92-94, 102, 110, 111, 114, 120
—and other European states—16,
42, 66, 68, 71, 114, 120
—-and European bourgeois democracy—
9, 11, 16, 23, 25, 29-32, 35-37,
40, 53, 55, 59-60, 63, 73, 86, 87, 92,
102, 107, 116
—and the International Working
Men's Association and the international
working-class movement—3,
5, 9, 10, 11, 14, 16, 18, 23, 25, 27,
31-34, 40, 46-47, 51, 65, 67, 69-77,
79-82, 84-86, 89, 91, 95-98, 102,
108, 116, 196, 121-23, 208
—post-war alignment of forces in
Europe, threat of a new military
conflict—38, 42, 51, 57, 120, 568
See also International Working Men's
Association in France; Paris Commune
of 1871; Revolution of 1848 in France;
Working-class movement in France
Freedom—173, 332
French Revolution of the 18th century—
41, 63
'French Section of 1871' (petty-bourgeois
organisation of refugees in
London) —241, 256, 267-70, 278,
280, 298, 302, 309, 331
G
General Association of German Workers—
255, 309, 319, 328, 493, 511-12, 514,
520
See also German Social-Democracy—
struggle against Lassalleanism (before
1875); Lassalleanism, Lassalleans
Geology
— Marx's and Engels' studies in
geology—548
German Confederation
—Federal Diet—288
German Empire (after 1871) —38, 47,
128, 131
—Reichstag—166
—law, legislation, judicial system —
159
—home policy, domestic situation —
166
—policy towards the working-class
movement in the 1870s (before the
introduction of the Exceptional
Law Against Socialists) —196, 216,
356-57, 360, 365, 389, 431
—prospects of revolution in the
1870s—415
—and Poland, participation in its
oppression — 415
—and Russia —38, 120
See also Bourgeoisie, German; Working
class in Germany
German Party of Progress (1861-84) —
166, 289
German Social-Democracy— 3
—Social-Democratic Workers' Party,
Eisenachers (1869-75) —362, 371,
493, 510-11, 514
—Eisenach Congress (1869), its programme—
512
—and the International Working
Men's Association —52, 221, 237,
241, 247-48, 282, 288, 298, 303-04,
310, 325, 346, 347, 371-72, 376,
378, 390, 432, 483-84, 493; see
also International Working Men's Association
in Germany
—and the Franco-Prussian war and
the annexation of Alsace and Lorraine—
3, 5, 12, 14, 16, 18, 19,
44-45, 47, 51, 65, 69-72, 75-79, 82,
85-86, 96, 116, 196, 197
—and the Paris Commune— 160
—struggle against Lassalleanism (before
1875) —371, 477, 493, 511-
12, 514
—parliamentary activity, group— 14,
16, 51, 145, 166
—press and book publishing—138,
159, 511
—role in the international socialist
movement of the 1870s
German Workers' Educational Society in
London (1840-1918)
—as a section of the International
Working Men's Association (1864-
74) —96, 194, 279, 297, 319
—Marx's and Engels' part in its
activities, their relations with
it—471
Germany
—'demagogues'—77, 85, 228, 350
—fragmentation, and the task of
unification of—3, 10, 18, 38, 46-
47, 77
—agriculture and agrarian relations
— 165
—social development — 357
—classes —14
—nobility (aristocracy) — 118
—youth, students, student movement—
77, 85
—science —2, 154, 241, 256
—and France — 38
—and Russia—38, 47, 120
See also Emigration—German in England;
German Empire (after 1871);
Prussia; Working-class movement in
Germany
H
Hague Congress, the (1872) —398, 415,
513, 582
—preparation and tasks of — 288,
366, 398, 401, 407-08, 413, 417-20,
425-26
—and the Paris Commune—430-32
—struggle against Bakuninists; victory
of the revolutionary wing;
expulsion of the Alliance leaders —
513
—Marx's speech against the reformists—
430, 436
—and Blanquists — 447-48
—resolutions of—430-33, 438
—opposition to its decisions on
the part of Bakuninists—448,
475-76
—approval of its decisions by the
International's local organisations—
448, 450
—results and significance of—398,
429, 475-76, 513, 582
Hegel, Hegelianism—136, 181, 500,
506, 514
History—61, 132, 137
Housing question
—in capitalist society—366, 374, 405
Hungary—38
I
Ideological struggle in the working-class
movement—163-65, 180-81, 252-56,
512-14
International alliance of anarchists
(1870s) —436, 475, 521, 525, 537
—Congress in St. Imier (1872), its
decisions —436, 441, 448, 450,
453, 475
—Congress in Geneva (1873) —508,
521, 527
See also International Alliance of Socialist
Democracy
International Alliance of Socialist Democracy—
163-64, 179, 181-83, 233, 255,
266, 269, 308, 387, 437, 441, 489, 567
—secret character, disorganising activities
of, in the working-class
movement —358, 365, 368-69,
374-75, 403, 408, 415-17, 419-20,
424-26, 431, 436, 449, 454, 456,
460, 489, 508, 521, 537
See also Bakuninism, Bakuninists; International
Working Men's Association—
struggle against Bakuninists
and Bakuninism; International Working
Men's Association. Congresses and
conferences
International, First— see International
Working Men's Association (First International)
Internationalism, proletarian—see Working-
class movement—internationalism
as its inherent feature
International solidarity of workers
—as expression of common interests
of the proletariat of different
countries — 301, 355
—its significance in the struggle
for the emancipation of the
workers — 190
—workers' solidarity in strike struggle—
125-27, 140, 190, 194, 350,
456; see also International Working
Men's Association—-and strikes
—and work for peace, against war —
14, 47, 72
— international movement of solidarity
with the Paris Commune —
142, 149, 151, 160, 176, 204, 208,
268-69, 274, 357, 576
See also International Working Men's
Association—struggle for international
solidarity and united actions of the
working class in all countries; Paris
Commune of 1871—and the First
International; Strikes, strike movement;
Working-class movement
International Working Men's Association
(First International)
—general characteristics, historical
significance of—162-63, 173, 180-
81, 184-86, 252-53, 261-62, 300-
01, 346, 354, 513, 535
—foundation of—185, 252, 354
— first programme documents (Inaugural
Address and Provisional
Rules)—162, 180-81, 183-84, 217,
221, 236, 237, 246, 250, 252, 261,
306, 318, 323, 349, 411, 433, 444
—struggle for class proletarian
character of—141, 185-86, 252-
53, 346, 352, 383, 418, 424-25,
428-29
—struggle for international solidarity
and united actions of the working
class in all countries—100, 162-63,
181, 183, 186, 190, 301, 346, 440
—emancipation of workers as its
aim—162, 181, 183-84, 331
—programme demand for attainment
of political power by the
working class and creation of a
classless society—184, 307, 331,
414, 433
—dissemination of its ideas—242,
255-56, 338-39, 447-48
—and political struggle of the working
class—131-32, 184, 255, 258,
307, 330-32, 414, 433
—demand for creation of proletarian
parties in individual countries —
67, 258, 414, 433
—question of the connection between
economic and political struggle of
the proletariat—258, 307, 331,
414, 433
—and trade organisations— 125-26,
191, 244, 350, 432, 483, 519-20
—and strikes—125-27, 139, 190-91,
194, 350, 466-67
—and factory legislation — 258
—and agrarian question, peasantry
and agricultural proletariat—165,
252, 350
—and struggle for Ireland's independence—
274-75
—struggle against Bonapartism — 88,
116, 196
—struggle for proletariat's independent
stand in foreign policy,
against wars of conquest — 5, 9, 14,
17, 40, 70, 77, 102, 196
—and the Franco-Prussian war — 5,
9, 14, 17-18, 40, 65-68, 70, 74, 77,
89, 98, 102, 116, 196-97
—and the Paris Commune—132,
140-41, 149-51, 156, 204, 379, 512,
561
—defence of Communards and assistance
to Commune's refugees —
151, 173, 175, 194, 197-98, 200,
202, 204-05, 208, 209, 211, 224,
235, 241, 265, 274, 276, 357, 535,
564, 566, 573
—struggle against Mazzinists and
Mazzinism—164, 185-87, 242,
245, 278, 304, 359
—struggle against Proudhonists and
Proudhonism—163, 181, 184,
255, 264, 265, 282, 343, 583
—struggle against Lassalleans and
Lassalleanism —255, 319, 371, 493
—struggle against reformism—102,
252, 303
—struggle against Bakuninists and
Bakuninism—162-64, 178, 181-84,
255-57, 263-66, 270, 278, 284-85,
289, 292-93, 303-04, 308-09, 331,
337, 338, 343, 372-73, 401-04,
424-26, 430, 436, 441, 450, 465,
476, 483, 484, 494, 512-13, 521,
568
—and Blanquists—447-48, 458, 467,
509, 583
—and Universal Federalist Council —
428, 474
—and the League of Peace and
Freedom—182
—and religion —63, 185, 255
—and bourgeois democracy — 428
—organisational principles of — 98,
101-02, 250, 257, 271, 284-85, 292,
295, 323, 325, 345-52, 416-17,
435-36, 475-76, 483-84, 491-92,
509, 519-20
—Rules and Regulations—102, 162,
182, 221, 234, 236-37, 246, 250,
257, 263-64, 271, 296, 323, 345,
348-49, 400-01, 411, 414, 416, 432,
445, 475, 484, 509, 519
—General Council, its statute, composition
and activities — 57, 79,
100, 147, 148, 181, 183-85, 204-05,
207, 231, 251-56, 262, 265, 280,
290-91, 313, 314, 347-54, 428,
535; see also International Working
Men's Association in England—
functions and activities of the General
Council in England
—Subcommittee —316, 383, 582
—General Council in New York —
430-31, 441, 445, 449, 450, 460,
465-67, 475-76, 482, 493-94, 535,
585
—local sections, federations, federal
councils, national organisations —
258, 294, 349-51, 415-16
—membership —348, 527-28
—funds—187, 292, 334, 431, 482,
507
— Marx's and Engels' role in founding
the International and in its activities—
91-92, 157, 186, 220, 255-
56, 347, 374, 385-86, 454, 459-60,
465-67, 482-83, 493-94, 580-83
—Marx as Corresponding Secretary
pro tern for Belgium — 91
—Marx as Corresponding Secretary
for Germany—16, 79, 91, 117-18
—Marx as Corresponding Secretary
for German-language sections in
the USA —57, 60, 101-02, 106,
236, 241-42, 244, 251-58, 273-74,
334-35, 383
—Marx as Corresponding Secretary
for Russia —27, 57, 178
—Engels as Corresponding Secretary
for Belgium—125-26, 190-95, 407
—Engels as Corresponding Secretary
for Denmark —329-32, 340, 343,
366, 521
—Engels as Corresponding Secretary
for Italy—170, 173, 180-88, 191,
234, 245-46, 259-62, 282, 286,
292-93, 299, 306-12, 321, 330, 343,
345, 354-55, 357, 358
—Engels as General Council's representative
for Italy (from January
1873)—466-67, 538
—Engels as Corresponding Secretary
for Portugal —343, 434, 466, 507
—Engels as Corresponding Secretary
for Spain—191, 270-71, 277, 282,
284, 330, 332, 336, 338, 343
—its press—126, 150, 170, 350, 365,
460
—and the bourgeois press —10, 121,
150, 159-60, 288, 578
—and ruling classes; police persecution—
124, 130, 156, 171, 180,
208, 260, 308, 311, 353, 356, 429,
535, 578
—cessation of activities, reasons
for—512-13, 535-36
—its documents —126, 445, 454-55,
482, 535-36
See also International Working Men's
Association. Congresses and conferences;
International Working Men's Association
(in different countries)
International Working Men's Association.
Congresses and conferences
—functions and tasks of general congresses—
252, 259-61, 292-93, 296,
330, 331, 349, 351, 352
—London Conference (1865)—260
—Geneva Congress (1866)—260,
349
—Lausanne Congress (1867)—350
—Brussels Congress (1868)—351
—Basle Congress (1869)—285-86,
292, 296, 308, 313, 351-52
—Mainz Congress (1871)—25, 237,
260
—Geneva Congress (1873)—453,
475, 489, 492-94, 507-08, 518,
524-28, 534, 537
See also Hague Congress, the (1872);
London Conference (1871)
International Working Men's Association
and the Polish revolutionary movement—
350, 460
International Working Men's Association
in Australia—350, 446
International Working Men's Association
in Austria—216, 304, 347, 350, 356,
389
International Working Men's Association
in Belgium—26, 125-26, 171, 289,
296, 361, 366-67, 387, 393, 413, 419,
433, 435
—and Belgian Federal Council—
263-64, 366-67, 401, 403
—and strikes—125-26, 190-91
—Association's press in Belgium—
365
—Bakuninists' splitting activities—
26, 263-64, 289, 296, 361, 367,
387, 393, 413, 435, 465, 584-85
—and police persecution—171
See also International Working Men's
Association—Marx as Corresponding
Secretary pro tern for Belgium,
—Engels as Corresponding Secretary
for Belgium
International Working Men's Association
in Denmark—242, 263, 330-32, 350,
346, 366, 425, 466, 467, 482, 493,
520
See also International Working Men's
Association—Engels as Corresponding
Secretary for Denmark
International Working Men's Association
in England— 234, 301-02, 449-50,
454-55, 459-60, 464-65, 507
—functions and activities of the General
Council in England (1864-
72)—100, 147-48, 208, 234,
382-83
—British Federal Council, British
Federation—234, 291, 302, 346,
382, 436, 449, 454, 459, 461,
464-65, 474, 508, 519, 521, 538
—Association's press in England—
64, 141, 269, 279, 302, 465
—refugee sections of the Association
in England—64, 141, 269, 279,
302, 465
See also German Workers' Educational
Society in London (1840-1918); International
Working Men's Association—
foundation of,—and trade organisations,—
struggle against reformism;
International Working Men's Association
in Ireland—Irish sections in England;
Trade(s) unions in Britain—and the
International Working Men's Association
International Working Men's Association
in France—25, 64-68, 89, 101-02,
116, 131-32, 255, 278, 282, 303-04,
331, 346, 454-55, 466, 482
—participation of French workers
and republicans in founding the
International—255
—first Paris section of the Association
(before April 1865)—255
—positivist group—255
—Paris Federation—64-65, 74, 123,
208
—and the Franco-Prussian war—14,
25, 64-65, 67-68, 70, 74, 89, 196-
97; see also International Working
Men's Association—and the Franco-
Prussian war
—and the Paris Commune—132,
140-42, 149, 151, 561, 583; see
also International Working Men's Association—
and the Paris Commune,—
defence of Communards
and assistance to Commune's
refugees
—organisations of, after Paris Commune—
164, 246, 265, 278, 282,
302-03, 331, 346, 350, 454-55, 466,
482, 492, 507
—and agrarian question and
peasantry—165
—and Proudhonists; struggle against
Proudhonist influence in French
sections—255, 282, 343; see also
International Working Men's Association—
struggle against Proudhonists
and Proudhonism
—Bakuninists' splitting activities in
France—164, 302-03, 454
—police persecution—116, 122, 130,
180, 195, 208, 260, 311, 350, 389,
466, 482, 492, 507, 579
See also International Working Men's
Association— foundation of,—struggle
against Bonapartism,—and Blanquists;
International Working Men's Association
in England—refugee sections
of the Association in England
International Working Men's Association
in Germany— 221, 325, 350, 371-72
—local sections—118, 221, 237, 247-
48, 325, 371, 402
—and the General Association of
German Workers—319, 450, 493
—Social-Democratic Workers' Party
as a branch of the International
Working Men's Association—79,
221, 237, 248, 282, 288, 298, 304,
310, 325, 371-72, 376, 390, 493
—during the Franco-Prussian war
and the Paris Commune—13, 69-
70, 79-80, 116, 117, 196
—after the Paris Commune—304,
346, 432, 450
—police persecution—79, 116-17,
171, 196, 197, 216, 237, 242, 304,
356, 389, 431, 458
See also General Association of German
Workers; German Confederation; German
Social-Democracy; International
Working Men's Association—Marx as
Corresponding Secretary for Germany
International Working Men's Association
in Hungary—304, 347
International Working Men's Association
in Ireland— 234, 346, 347, 357
— Irish sections in England—208,
274-75, 449, 570
See also International Working Men's
Association—and struggle for Ireland's
independence
International Working Men's Association
in Italy—164, 171-73, 180, 183, 187,
234, 242, 245, 261-62, 292, 299, 310,
312, 330, 346-47, 354, 369, 419, 424,
432-33, 444-45, 450, 458, 466-67,
482, 483, 538
—Association's press in Italy—234,
292-93, 358-59, 444-45, 450, 458,
483, 538
—Bakuninists' splitting activities—
172, 259-62, 294, 299, 304, 308-10,
321, 331, 338-39, 357-58, 369, 373,
419, 424
—police persecution—171, 180, 216,
245, 260-61, 305, 356, 358, 389,
458, 466
See also International Working Men's
Association—struggle against Mazzinists
and Mazzinism, —Engels as Corresponding
Secretary for Italy, —Engels
as General Council's representative
for Italy (from January 1873)
International Working Men's Association
in the Netherlands—126, 331, 433,
453
International Working Men's Association
in New Zealand—346, 350
International Working Men's Association
in Portugal— 343, 346, 433, 434, 466,
467, 507, 533
See also International Working Men's
Association—Engels as Corresponding
Secretary for Portugal
International Working Men's Association
in Russia
—Russian section of the International
Working Men's Association—11,
19, 26-27, 347, 350
—exposure of Nechayevism—11, 27
See also International Working Men's
Association—struggle against Bakuninists
and Bakuninism,—Marx as
Corresponding Secretary for Russia
International Working Men's Association
in Spain—242, 278-79, 282, 284,
289, 299, 301, 322, 336-38, 358, 365,
368-69, 374, 424-26, 433, 448-49,
453-54, 465
—strikes and trade unions—140,
424-26
—congresses and conferences—358,
361, 365, 368, 374
—the New Madrid Federation—433,
449, 453-54
—and the 1873 uprising—465, 538,
551
—Association's press in Spain—271,
277-78, 284, 299, 332, 338, 359,
365, 402, 449
—Bakuninists' splitting activities—
269-71, 278, 284, 289, 299, 322,
331, 338, 358, 365, 368-69, 375,
387, 424-26, 448-49, 454, 538
—police persecution—171, 260, 322,
389
See also International Working Men's
Association—Engels as Corresponding
Secretary for Spain
International Working Men's Association
in Switzerland—5, 164, 269, 303-04,
331, 370-71, 395, 433, 493, 507, 526,
528, 535, 568
—before the Paris Commune—5
—after the Paris Commune—269,
303-04, 331, 395, 433, 507, 535,
568
—Central Committee of the Germanlanguage
sections—370
—Romance sections, Romance Federation,
Federal Council of Romance
Switzerland—5, 303, 331, 401,
526, 534, 568
—congress in Olten (June 1873)—
508, 509, 526
—Association's press in Switzerland—
293, 303-04, 401
—Bakuninist central Geneva section
of the Alliance of Socialist Democracy—
163, 179
—Bakuninist Jura Federation, its
splitting activities—5, 164, 264,
269, 292-93, 308, 331, 372-73, 395,
418, 436, 448, 493, 509, 585, 586
—congress in Sonvillier, its circular
(September 1871)—289, 292, 331
—Slavonian section in Zurich—227
See also International Alliance of
Socialist Democracy; International
Working Men's Association—struggle
against Bakuninists and Bakuninism
International Working Men's Association
in the USA—57, 236, 242, 244, 252,
257, 258, 351, 355, 383, 551
—Central Committee of the Association's
sections—101, 106, 236, 242,
244, 255-56
—split in the North American Federation
of the International—236,
252, 255-56, 298, 334, 352, 383,
388
See also International Working Men's
Association—General Council in New
York,—Marx as Corresponding Secretary
for German-language sections
in the USA
Italy— 38, 171, 187, 394
K
Katheder-Socialism (armchair socialism)—
123, 184, 258, 307, 414, 433
L
Landed property—138, 165, 184
Lassalleanism, Lassalleans—371, 405
—dogmatic and sectarian nature of
the trend—255, 514
—attitude towards the Prussian state
and feudal reaction—328
—in the 1870s—297, 309
See also General Association of German
Workers; German Social-Democracy—
struggle against Lassalleanism; International
Working Men's Association—
struggle against Lassalleans and Lassalleanism
Lease, tenants—165
Literature
—English—396, 540-41, 543
—French—76, 267, 543
—German—4, 158, 238, 548
—Russian—238, 469
—Scandinavian—330
See also Poetry
Lockout—169
London Conference (1871)
—preparation and convocation of—
217, 260, 285-86
—tasks, character and composition
of—179, 186, 191, 232, 260-62,
281, 284, 381, 563
—resolutions of—221, 231, 236, 256,
262, 265, 266, 563-64
—publication of the International
Association's documents by decision
of—221, 234, 236, 237, 257,
270, 284-85, 381, 571
—approval of the Conference's resolutions
by the General Council
and the local organisations of the
International—281, 296, 331
—Bakuninists' struggle against the
Conference's resolutions—256,
259-62, 265-70, 331; see also International
Working Men's Association
in Switzerland—congress in Sonvillier,
its circular
Luxembourg—6, 10
M
Marx, Karl
—in the First International period
(1864-73)—55, 56, 69-70, 121-22,
130, 142, 143, 152, 156-58, 177,
231, 263, 265, 279, 377-78, 384-87,
438-39, 441, 516, 521-23, 562
See also 'Capital' by Karl Marx; Communists,
communist movement; German
Workers' Educational Society in London;
International Working Men's Association;
Party, proletarian; Russia—
Marx's and Engels' contacts with
Russian revolutionaries in the
1870s,—Marx's and Engels' contacts
with Russian personalities in science
and culture in the 1870s; Workingclass
movement
Materialism—163
Mathematics— 504
Mazzinism, Mazzinists—186, 187, 304
Military science
—study by Marx and Engels of the
military history and militarytheoretical
problems—6, 7, 17, 29,
32-33, 35, 42, 45, 49, 61-62, 85-86,
193
—Marx on Engels' studies in military
history—22, 32, 58, 65, 70, 555,
557
Mode of production—307
Monopolies—414, 433
Motion
—and matter—500
—life as a form of motion of matter—
500, 503
N
Napoleonic wars—10, 59, 85, 93
See also Vienna Congress of 1814-15
and the Vienna treaties of 1815; Wars
of the First French Republic
Nationalisation of land—138, 184
National Liberals (Germany, from
1866)—160
National Reform League (Great Britain,
from 1849)—252
National question—SI, 46, 89, 123, 329,
355
See also Working-class movement—
internationalism as its inherent feature
Natural science—503
See also Chemistry; Geology; Mathematics;
Science
Navy—74
North German Confederation (1867-71) —
38
—North German Reichstag—16, 47,
51
O
Owenism, Owenists—181, 477
Paris Commune of 1871
—its historical significance—132, 137
—leading role of the working class—
561
—collisions in the Commune—149,
490
—and French sections of the First
International—130, 132, 140-42,
149, 208, 561
—fight against the Versailles government—
149, 228, 561
—betrayal of national interests by
counter-revolutionary bourgeoisie—
89
—counter-revolutionary policy of the
Thiers government—128, 132,
137
—counter-revolutionary terror—151,
228, 256, 561
—ruling classes' slander campaign
against the Commune and the
First International—128, 144, 151,
156, 176, 228, 229
—and European bourgeois democracy—
139-40, 186, 564
—and international proletariat,
movement of solidarity with the
Commune—127, 137, 140-42, 149,
160, 204-05, 268-69
—and the First International—128,
140-42, 149, 156, 184-87, 189, 212,
234, 241, 265, 274, 280, 350, 354,
378-79, 513, 561, 566
—defeat of the Commune, its
causes—128, 132, 137, 149, 151,
293, 295
—Paris Communards in emigration—
150, 154, 176, 189, 200,
208, 234, 241, 256, 268-69, 274,
280, 357, 378, 429, 438, 443, 562,
566, 572-73, 583, 584
Parliament
—use of bourgeois parliament by
working-class representatives—332
Party, proletarian
—nature, tasks, leading role of—
135, 414, 433; see also Paris Commune
of 1871
—constitution of proletariat into independent
political party as a
necessary condition of its emancipation—
258, 414, 433
—agrarian programme —165
—policy and programme on the national
question—47
—organisational principles—259-62,
346; see also International Working
Men's Association—organisational
principles of; International Working
Men's Association. Congresses and
conferences
—criticism and self-criticism—289
—party discipline—475
—significance of ideological and organisational
unity—346, 512-14
—theoretical discussions—183-84
—struggle within the party—512-14
—tactics—511-14
—parliamentary policy, importance
of parliamentary activity of its representatives—
332
—combination of legal and illegal
means of struggle—282
—and trade unions—244
—and peasantry—165, 340
—propaganda and agitation—258,
512
—significance of its press and publishing
activity—477, 510-11
See also Communists, communist movement
Peasantry
—under capitalism—165
Period of transition from capitalism to
communism (socialism)
—communist transformation of society
as a long and complex process—
337
—dictatorship of the proletariat—
184, 331, 414, 433
Philosophy
—German—4, 156, 165
See also Dialectics—in nature
Poetry— 55, 59, 63, 102, 400
Political economy—344, 504
See also Bourgeois political economy;
Economic laws; Vulgar bourgeois
political economy
Political struggle—162, 258, 307-08,
414, 433
See also Anarchism, anarchists;
Bakuninism, Bakuninists
Positivism (Comtism)—150
—positivist group in the First International—
150, 255
Press, the
—freedom of, as a democratic
achievement—173
—anti-democratic character of the
official press in the exploiter society—
128, 228
—proletarian press, its status and
tasks- -126, 340, 358-59
Private property—184, 306, 337
Profit—4, 239-40
Propaganda—350, 511
Proudhonism, Proudhonists—4, 157, 162,
163, 181, 184, 255, 264, 309, 343,
366
Prussia—10, 32, 38, 41, 57, 120, 415
See also Franco-Prussian war, 1870-71
R
Reformism, struggle against—see International
Working Men's Association—
struggle against reformism; Lassalleanism,
Lassalleans; Proudhonism,
Proudhonists; Trade unionism
Republic— 307
Republic, proletarian—72, 88
Revolution— 293, 294
—and the class struggle—258, 414,
433
—and the State—132, 137, 307; see
also Revolution, proletarian, socialist—
indispensable destruction of
the old, bourgeois state machinery
and creation of a new, proletarian
one
See also Revolution, proletarian, socialist;
War(s)—and revolution and revolutionary
movement
Revolution of 1848 in France. Second
Republic— 372
Revolutions of 1848-49 in Italian states—
38
Revolution, proletarian, socialist
—essence, tasks, historical significance
of—132, 294, 295
—indispensability of an independent
proletarian party for the triumph
of—132, 258, 414, 433; see also
Political struggle
—necessity of discipline and centralisation
of revolutionary forces—
294, 295
—peaceful and violent ways of accomplishing
it—294, 295
—proletariat as the ruling class, establishment
of its dictatorship—
184, 258, 331, 414, 433
—indispensable destruction of the
old, bourgeois state machinery and
creation of a new, proletarian
one—132
—abolition of private property in the
means of production and their
socialisation—184, 307
—and the national question—46
—and abolition of classes—307, 414,
433
See also Civil war; Communism (socioeconomic
formation); Dictatorship of
the proletariat; Paris Commune of 1871;
Working-class movement—internationalism
as its inherent feature
Revolution, social—see Revolution; Revolution,
proletarian, socialist
Rhine Province—394
Russia (Russian Empire)
—revolutionary movement in the latter
half of the 19th century—347,
386, 551
—revolutionary critical thought in
the 19th century—105, 152, 238
— Marx and Engels on Chernyshevsky
—27, 105, 152, 457, 469, 540
—beginning of dissemination of
Marxism in—102, 105, 257, 283,
347, 377, 397, 399-400, 452, 457,
582
—persecution of revolutionary movement
by tsarism, political trials—
105, 540
—development of revolutionary situation
(1870s-80s)—57, 105
—study of Russian by Marx and
Engels—105, 311
— Marx and Engels on their study of
Russian sources on economic and
social relations in—27, 105, 152,
154, 457, 487
—-communal property in—494
—serfdom—457, 551
—Marx's and Engels' contacts with
Russian revolutionaries in the
1870s—27, 33, 152, 154, 168, 178-
79, 192-93, 198, 210, 218, 220,
226-27, 276, 300, 386, 392, 397,
457, 469, 538, 539, 542, 579
— Marx's and Engels' contacts with
Russian personalities in science
and culture in the 1870s—152,
154, 174-75, 238-40, 386, 422,
456-57, 469, 487, 522-23, 576
—and Great Britain—74-75
S
Science—344
—classification of sciences—502-03
—in Germany—4, 154, 242, 256
See also Natural science; Philosophy;
Political economy
Sectarianism
—as a feature inherent in the working-
class movement at its earlier
stages—251-52
—as an obstacle to the development
of the mass working-class movement—
163, 172, 183, 251-52
See also Bakuninism, Bakuninists; Lassalleanism,
Lassalleans
Socialist movement in France—3, 67,
256
Spain—139-40, 394, 465, 520
State, the
—criticism of anarchist views of the
State—131, 137
See also Dictatorship of the proletariat;
Republic; State, bourgeois
State, bourgeois—137, 307
Strikes, strike movement—258
See also International Working Men's
Association—and strikes; Lockout;
Working-class movement; Working-class
movement (in different countries)
Suffrage— 332
Surplus value—4, 239-40
T
Thirty Years' War, 1618-48—93
Trade unionism—172, 302
Trade(s) unions, trade union movement—
258
—their tasks and place in the class
struggle of the workers—173
—and the proletarian party—244
—and necessity of an international
trade association—428, 483
—criticism of reformist trade union
leaders' views—429, 437, 462-63
See also Economic struggle of workers;
International Working Men's Association—
and trade organisations;
Trade(s) unions in Britain
Trade(s) unions in Britain—172
—isolation of 'old trade unions' as
organisations of labour aristocracy—
172, 194
—graft of reformist trade union
leaders by the bourgeoisie—383
—and the International Working
Men's Association—100, 102, 350,
519
See also International Working Men's
Association—struggle against reformism;
Working-class movement in England
(Great Britain)
U
Uprising, armed
—tactics of—297-99
See also Paris Commune of 1871;
Revolution, proletarian, socialist
V
Vienna Congress of 1814-15 and the
Vienna treaties of 1815—32
Vulgar bourgeois political economy—4, 47,
57
W
War(s)— 74
—in capitalist society—92
—and revolution and revolutionary
movement— 102
—and the working-class movement—
14, 46-47, 72
—revolutionary—102, 114
—people's—92-93
—defensive—51
See also Army; Austro-Prussian war,
1866; Civil war; Crimean war, 1853-
56; Danish war, 1864; Franco-Prussian
war, 1870-71; Military science;
Napoleonic wars; Wars of the First
French Republic
Wars of the First French Republic—41
Working class
—industrial (factory) proletariat—
184
—consolidation of proletariat as a
political force—258
—historical necessity of the proletariat
becoming the ruling class—
184, 331, 414, 433; see also Dictatorship
of the proletariat
—material prerequisites (conditions)
for the emancipation of the working
class from social and economic
oppression— 184
—development of its class consciousness—
183
—and peasantry—340
—its struggle for peace, against
militarism, wars of conquest and
annexations—9, 14, 18, 31, 47,
71-72, 87
—and the national question, national
liberation movement—9, 31
See also Agricultural labourers; Class
struggle; Dictatorship of the proletariat;
Party, proletarian; Revolution, proletarian,
socialist; Working class (in
different countries); Working-class
movement
Working class in England (Great Britain)
—labour aristocracy, graft of the
upper stratum of the working class
by the bourgeoisie—14, 147, 431,
437, 462
See also Working-class movement in
England (Great Britain)
Working class in France
—during the Second Empire—3, 14,
46, 72, 93
—and the Franco-Prussian war—
3, 14, 46, 65, 67-68, 70-72, 74,
79-80, 88, 122-23
See also Paris Commune of 1871
Working class in Germany—357
Working class in Spain—139-40, 309,
551
See also Working-class and socialist
movement in Spain
Working-class movement
—general characteristics, tasks of—
252, 258, 301-02, 514
—immediate and ultimate aims of—
162, 258, 331, 414, 433
—struggle for the emancipation of
the working class—162, 181, 183,
414, 433
—significance of its unity—190, 264,
348, 354-55, 513-14
—political organisation as a condition
of its successful development—
258
—trade unions as a school of the
workers' class struggle—258
—necessity to combine workers'
economic and political struggle—
258, 414, 433
—and revolutionary theory—183
—necessity of working out a single
theoretical programme—180, 181,
183
—internationalism as its inherent feature—
301-02, 355
—combination of legal and illegal
forms of struggle—282-83, 332
—struggle for democratic reforms—
47, 173; see also Freedom
—struggle against wars, militarism
and annexations—14, 46-47, 73
—before 1848—173, 370-71
—in the period of the First International—
254-55
—and the Paris Commune—137,
140, 149, 268-69; see also Paris
Commune of 1871—and international
proletariat, movement of solidarity
with the Commune
—leading role of the German working
class in—3, 96
See also Class struggle; International
solidarity of workers; International
Working Men's Association; Party, proletarian;
Strikes, strike movement;
Trade(s) unions, trade union movement;
Working class; Working-class movement
(in different countries)
Working-class movement in England
(Great Britain)—172
—in the 1830-40s—172
—in the 1870s—11, 14, 70, 100, 141,
172, 196, 462; see also Franco-
Prussian war, 1870-71—and the
British working class
— temporary victory of reformism, its
causes—14, 147, 381-84, 431, 436,
462
See also International Working Men's
Association in England; National Reform
League; Trade(s) unions in Britain
Working-class movement in Germany—3,
118, 357, 370-72
—and the Franco-Prussian war—3,
10-11, 14, 46, 51, 72, 79, 96, 118,
195, 268-69
—and the Paris Commune—160,
268-69
—shift of the centre of gravity of the
European working-class movement
to Germany in the early 1870s—3,
69
—in the 1870s (before the Exceptional
Law Against Socialists)—118,
511-12, 551
See also General Association of German
Workers; German Social-Democracy; International
Working Men's Association
in Germany
Working-class movement in the USA
—after the Civil War of 1861-65—
350
—trade unions—244
See also International Working Men's
Association in the USA
Working-class and socialist movement in
Austria—304
Working-class and socialist movement in
Belgium—see Bakuninism, Bakuninists—
in Belgium; International Working
Men's Association in Belgium
Working-class and socialist movement in
Denmark— 340, 520
Working-class and socialist movement in
Hungary—194, 304
See also International Working Men's
Association in Hungary
Working-class and socialist movement in
Italy—172-73, 186, 255, 289, 304,
306, 310, 338, 354-55, 369
See also Bakuninism, Bakuninists—in
Italy; International Working Men's Association
in Italy
Working-class and socialist movement in
Spain—139-40, 255, 289, 309, 336-
37, 368
See also Bakuninism, Bakuninists—in
Spain; International Working Men's Association
in Spain
Working-class and socialist movement in
Switzerland—173, 396, 508, 509, 526
See also Bakuninism, Bakuninists—in
Switzerland; International Working
Men's Association in Switzerland
Working day—239, 258






MECW VOL 45 




A
Alliance of Socialist Democracy—see International
Alliance of Socialist Democracy
Anarchism—63, 351, 434
— in Italy—207
— in Russia—434
— anarchists' congresses—157, 166,
173, 184, 214
See also Bakuninism
Apology—304
Armchair socialists—252, 367
Army— 271, 428
— French —246
—Romanian — 188
—Russian—182, 183, 186-88, 232-33
—Turkish—182, 188, 249, 271
Austria— 296-98, 353, 356
See also Working-class movement in
Austria
Authority
—elimination of superstitious belief
in—288
B
Bakuninism—9, 41, 132, 214, 259, 306
—and the International—5, 155
—in Belgium—42, 214
—in Italy—35, 155, 184, 214
—in Spain—155, 214
—in Switzerland—183, 200, 214
— Bakuninists' congresses—42-43,
48, 157, 166, 173, 184
See also Anarchism; International Alliance
of Socialist Democracy; Socialist
Congress in Ghent, 1877
Belgium—356
See also Working-class movement in
Belgium
Biology—78
Bonapartism
—Bismarck's—314-15
—in France —23, 30, 57, 235, 246,
294
Bourgeoisie— 60, 61, 242-44, 246, 404,
405, 423
—bourgeois liberalism—63
Bourgeoisie, English—183, 298
Bourgeoisie, French—234
Bourgeoisie, German—24, 190, 332, 351,
384
Bourgeoisie, Russian—384
Bourgeois political economy—58, 90, 108,
153, 208, 328, 452
Bulgaria—182
C
Capital— 452
'Capital' by Karl Marx— 287, 366
—second German edition of Volume
One—58, 276, 282
—second Russian edition of Volume
One—343, 346
—French edition of Volume One—
16, 26, 28, 56, 57, 58, 92, 114,
276, 282, 343, 346
—preparation of the second volume—
17-18, 115, 162, 354, 432
— popularisation of its ideas—124,
125, 193, 276, 366
Capitalist mode of production—346, 355-
57, 366
Class(es)—109, 346
—abolition of class distinctions—64
See also Bourgeoisie; Class struggle;
Peasantry; Petty bourgeoisie; Working
class
Classical political economy—209, 260-61,
452
Class struggle—108, 366, 384, 402-04,
406-08
Coalitions— 99
Communism, Icarian (Cabet's) — 99
Communism (social formation)—62-64,
109, 197, 450
Conservative Party (England)—299
Crimean war, 1853-56 (Paris Treaty,
1856)—18, 298, 389
Criticism— 242, 314, 421
—methods of—107, 109
D
Darwinism—106-08, 313, 316
See also Struggle for existence
Democracy
—bourgeois—402, 406
—petty-bourgeois—61, 63, 65
Dialectics—122
Dühring, teaching of—119, 122-23, 130-
31, 139, 186, 256
E
Eastern (Oriental) question, the—118,
122-23, 161, 163, 182, 186, 192, 216,
223, 278
See also Crimean war, 1853-56; Russo-
Turkish war, 1877-78
Economic crisis—78, 109, 212, 354
—in the 1870s—78, 212, 218, 277,
344, 346, 354-55
Education
—the role of tradition—215
Eisenachers—see German Social-
Democracy
Engels, Frederick— 175, 288
—in the 1870s—50, 122-24, 139-40,
154, 162, 173, 175, 186, 189, 192,
227, 254, 257-59, 295, 306, 313,
361, 362, 378, 383-84, 386, 388,
394, 408, 411-13, 420, 429-32
See also Party, proletarian, socialist;
Socialism, scientific; Working-class
movement
England (Great Britain)
—economic development—309, 358
—industry—355
—railways—355-56
—banks—354-55
—economic crisis—344, 354
—domestic situation—24, 140, 155,
297, 340
—aristocracy—298
— radicals—157, 339, 360
—democratic movement—155-57,
184, 292
—foreign policy, diplomacy—18,
182, 296-97
See also Bourgeoisie, English; Conservative
Party (England); Eastern (Oriental)
question, the; Liberal Party (England);
Trades unions in Britain; Working
class in England; Working-class
movement in England
Europe
—state system after 1815—297, 299
—danger of war in the 1870s—18,
30, 100-03, 297, 384, 428, 431
F
Fleet
— Turkish—186
France— 234, 239, 278, 297
—joint-stock companies—245
—banks—354
—railways—355-56
—before 19th cent.—357-58
—in early 19th cent.—302
—Second Empire—22-23, 233, 239,
278, 293, 294
—domestic situation, attempt at a
monarchist coup—22-24, 30, 233-
35, 245, 246, 278, 294
— peasantry—294
—monarchists (Orleanists)—57
— Bonapartists—22, 30, 57, 235,
246, 294
—bourgeois republicans—239
See also Army—French; Bourgeoisie,
French; Franco-Prussian war, 1870-71;
Working class in France; Working-class
movement in France
Franco-Prussian war, 1870-71—61, 62,
297, 302, 384
Freedom— 63, 294, 423
G
General Association of German Workers—
6-7
See also German Social-Democracy;
Lassalleanism; Working-class movement
in Germany
German People's Party— 61, 69, 95, 97
German Social-Democracy—60, 64, 100,
118, 283, 352, 401, 421, 430
—Social-Democratic Workers' Party
(Eisenachers)—60, 69, 97
—critique by Marx and Engels of the
draft programme and programme
adopted in Gotha (May 1875)—60-
66, 69-70, 94-95, 97-98
—Socialist Workers' Party before the
introduction of the exceptional law
against socialists—117-18, 246,
249, 257, 259, 283-84, 288, 295
—during the operation of the exceptional
law against socialists, struggle
against reformist and pettybourgeois
socialism—362, 364-65,
367, 373-74, 383-84, 386, 393,
401-08, 412, 413, 418-19, 422,
429-30, 432
—anarchist group of Johann Most—
360-63, 365, 383, 411, 433
— party congresses, their functions
and resolutions—248, 417-18
—participation in elections to Reichstag—
3, 6, 189, 190, 192, 195,
294, 352, 428, 431
—Social-Democratic group in Reichstag,
its policy and tactics — 309,
325, 360, 399-404, 413-14, 417-18,
423
—internationalism of—61
—press—285, 367, 373, 379, 383-84,
386, 388, 393, 395-96, 400-01, 408,
411-12, 420, 429
—and bourgeois democracy—402,
407
—and petty bourgeoisie—61, 65,
384, 408, 425, 430
—and representatives of other
classes —283, 294, 384, 406-08,
412, 419, 425
—and students—283, 294, 384
—and peasantry—195, 425
—anti-war position—61, 62, 387,
389, 431
See also Lassalleanism, Lassalleans ;
Working-class movement in Germany
German Workers' Educational Society in
London (1840-1918)—251, 360, 362,
365, 433
Germany— 212, 308-09, 408
—industrial revolution, industry—
308, 424
— state monopolies—308, 309
—ruin of small-scale production—
309, 352
— protectionism—423-24
—economic crisis—353
—domestic policy, domestic situation—
24-25, 99, 228, 314-15, 352
—Kulturkampf— 25
—militarism—389
—exceptional law against socialists
(Anti-Socialist Law) —322, 323,
332, 349, 364, 389, 401, 428
—peasantry—195
—foreign policy—25, 155, 223, 278,
296, 326, 387
—and Russia—22, 100, 155, 223,
278, 384, 387
See also Bonapartism—Bismarck's;
Bourgeoisie, German; German Social-
Democracy; Petty bourgeoisie, German;
Prussia; Working class in Germany;
Working-class movement in Germany
H
History—109, 366, 431
—historical development—7
—historical conflicts—406
Holy Alliance— 298
I
Industry— 308, 355, 423
International Alliance of Socialist Democracy—
172, 199, 200, 214, 257
Internationalism of the working-class movement—
61, 173, 259, 405
International Working Men's Association
(First International)—40, 41, 114,
154, 184, 408
— first programme documents—42,
80-81
—and Paris Commune—41
— Hague Congress (1872)—18, 41
—Geneva Congress (1873)—4-6
—General Council—43-44, 50, 80,
184
—dissolution of (1876)—184
—in Austria—30
—in Belgium—41
—in England—10, 29, 41
—in Switzerland—4-5, 173
—in the USA—8, 18, 43
See also Bakuninism—and the International
Italy— 357
J
Joint-stock companies—246, 356
Jurassions—see Bakuninism
L
Labour
— productive—209
Languages, linguistics— 74
Lassalleanism, Lassalleans—43, 49, 60,
62, 65, 70, 95, 96, 97, 100, 118, 297,
402, 403, 413
See also General Association of German
Workers; German Social-Democracy ;
Working-class movement in Germany
Liberal Party (England)—140, 155,
190, 299
Literature
— German —136
— Irish—371
— Russian—137
Loanable capital—356
Logic—122
London— 211, 354-55
M
Malthusianism—62, 108
Man—109, 365
Marx, Karl— 95, 174, 288
—in the 1870s—64, 122, 189, 205,
258, 275, 276, 383-84, 386, 388,
394, 408, 411-13, 416, 430-31, 447
—application for British naturalisation—
27, 29, 35
See also 'Capital' by Karl Marx; Party,
proletarian, socialist; Socialism, scientific;
Working-class movement
Materialism—109, 283, 284, 366
Means of communication—356
Means of production—356
Metaphysics— 140
Monarchy
—absolute—260
Monopolies
— state—308-09
N
Narodism (Populism) in Russia—see
Nihilists
National question
—and working class—111, 112
Nature—106-07
Nihilists—100, 387
O
Officials— 63
Owenism— 99, 262
P
Paris Commune of 1871—41, 60
Party, proletarian, socialist—257, 294,
373, 418, 424, 450
— programme of—60-65, 72, 294
— theoretical discussions—406, 430
— theory and practice—421
—criticism of—421
—congresses, their functions—248,
257, 417-18
—internationalism of—61-62
—and trade unions—63
—press —285, 367, 383, 389, 393,
408, 419, 429
—tactics —60, 69, 154, 373-74, 399
—and representatives of other
classes—407-08, 425
See also German Social-Democracy;
Socialism, scientific ; Working-class
movement
Peasantry— 357-58, 425
People's Party—see German People's Party
Periodical, scientific— 241, 248, 257
Personality cult—100, 288
Petty bourgeoisie—61, 393, 405-08
Petty bourgeoisie, German—61, 223, 351
Petty-bourgeois socialism—see Socialism—
petty-bourgeois
Philosophy—452
—German—407
Physiocrats— 208-09, 452
Poland (Polish lands)—111, 278, 300
Polish question— 111, 112, 186, 278
Political economy— 265, 328, 452
See also Bourgeois political economy;
Classical political economy; Physiocrats;
Quesnay's Tableau économique; Vulgar
political economy
Production
—capitalist—108, 357
—under communism—63, 109
Proudhonism—41, 99
— in Belgium—42
Prussia— 297, 300, 302
See also Germany
Q
Quesnay's Tableau économique—208,
263-65
R
Railways—355-57
Reform— 405, 406, 423
Reformism (in socialist movement)—68,
242-44, 248-51, 259-60, 283, 373,
383, 404-06, 412-13
See also Socialism—petty-bourgeois
Rent— 209
Reproduction— 208
Republic, bourgeois— 239
Revolution— 64, 366, 408
— prospects of, in Europe—see Russia—
imminence of revolution, its
international significance
Revolution of 1848-49—406, 430, 431
Revolution, proletarian, socialist—109,
366, 404, 407, 450
Russia—100, 167-68, 277, 278, 293,
357
—tsarism as a mainstay of European
reaction—428, 431
—domestic situation—163, 164, 167,
190, 210, 234, 277, 293, 357,
386-87
—economic crisis—216
— nobility—384
—schools, universities—33, 100, 278
—students—100, 278
—revolutionary movement, persecution
by the authorities—35, 53,
210, 384
—imminence of revolution, its international
significance—100, 190,
192, 242, 277, 280, 295, 296, 351,
428, 431, 434
—foreign policy, diplomacy —
22, 210, 260, 300-01, 326, 387,
389
—and Germany—23, 100, 155, 223,
278, 296, 384, 387
See also Army—Russian; Bourgeoisie,
Russian; Crimean war, 1853-56; Eastern
(Oriental) question, the; Russo-
Turkish war, 1877-78
Russo-Turkish war, 1828-29—165, 182,
243, 300-03
Russo-Turkish war, 1877-78—186, 187,
190, 221, 228, 232, 233, 234, 236-37,
239-42, 245, 247, 249-50, 255, 271-
72, 278, 280, 282, 293-97, 300, 302,
323, 326, 384
—Berlin treaty of 1878—331
See also Eastern (Oriental) question,
the; Serbo-Montenegrin-Turkish war,
1876-77
S
Science
—freedom of—63
— scientific criticism—313
See also Periodical, scientific ;
Philosophy ; Political economy ; Socialism,
scientific ; Socialism (theory)
Serbo-Montenegrin-Turkish war, 1876-
77—130, 140, 296
Slavs—112, 177
Social crisis— 297, 298
Socialism, scientific— 284, 313, 362, 366,
402, 421, 431
Socialism (theory)
—pre-Marxian—64, 99
—Utopian—99, 284
— feudal—99
—bourgeois—99
— petty-bourgeois—99, 403-07, 412,
413, 419, 430, 433
—vulgar—243
See also Communism, Icarian
(Cabet's); Owenism; Socialism, scientific;
'True socialism'
Socialist Congress in Ghent, 1877—258,-
277
Society—108
—bourgeois— 108-109, 308
—primitive—109
—eastern—236
— socialist—64, 109, 197, 362, 366
State, the— 63-64, 239, 308-09
Strikes— 62, 99, 355, 360
Struggle for existence—91, 107-09
Surplus value—209
Switzerland—64, 401
See also Working-class movement in
Switzerland
System
—philosophical—452
T
Theory and practice
—in the working-class movement—
421
Trade (commerce)—357
Trade unions—63
See also Trades unions in Britain
Trades unions in Britain—6, 299, 360
—and the International—41
'True socialism'—243, 407
Turkey—120, 123, 182, 188, 214, 216,
232, 234, 236, 240-41, 255, 260, 263,
280, 293, 296-300, 331
See also Army—Turkish; Eastern
(Oriental) question, the; Fleet—
Turkish; Russo-Turkish war, 1828-29;
Russo-Turkish war, 1877-78; Serbo-
Montenegrin-Turkish war, 1876-77
U
United States of America, the—18, 212,
251, 344, 356-58
See also Working-class movement in the
USA
US Civil War, 1861-65—344, 357
V
Value
—theory of—260-61
Vienna Congress of 1814-15—297,
298
Vulgar political economy—260-61,
328
W
Wages— 62, 90
— Lassallean 'iron law of wages'—62,
65, 97
War(s)
—danger of war in Europe—18, 30,
100-03, 297, 384, 428, 431
See also Russo-Turkish war, 1877-78;
Serbo-Montenegrin-Turkish war, 1876-
77
Women's question, women's movement—
198, 256
Working class— 64, 408, 423
— significance of trade amalgamations—
63
—and national question—111, 112
See also Internationalism of the working-
class movement; Party, proletarian,
socialist; Revolution, proletarian, socialist;
Working-class movement
Working class in England—299, 339-42
See also Working-class movement in
England
Working class in France—234, 239, 294
See also Working-class movement in
France
Working class in Germany—6, 61-63
See also Working-class movement in
Germany
Working-class movement
—internationalism of—61, 173, 259,
405
—struggle for democratic rights—
see Working-class movement in Bel
gium; Working-class movement in
France; Working-class movement in
Germany
—struggle against militarism, annexations
and wars—61, 62, 387, 389,
451
—and representatives of other
classes—407, 408
—in 1849-64—41-42
See also International Working Men's
Association; Party, proletarian, socialist;
Reformism (in socialist movement);
Socialist Congress in Ghent, 1877
Working-class movement in Austria—6,
17, 30
See also International Working Men's
Association—in Austria
Working-class movement in Belgium—30,
156, 184, 199, 214
See also Bakuninism—in Belgium;
International Working Men's Association—
in Belgium
Working-class movement in Bohemia—30
Working-class movement in Denmark—41,
121
Working-class movement in England—6,
17, 29, 41, 156, 157, 184, 360
See also International Working Men's
Association—in England; Trades unions
in Britain
Working-class movement in France—18,
26, 29-30, 239, 258, 294, 363, 422
Working-class movement in Germany—17,
40, 43, 61, 63, 100, 223
See also German Social-Democracy ; Lassalleanism,
Lassalleans
Working-class movement in Hungary—
157
Working-class movement in Italy—30, 41,
155, 184, 200, 203, 214
See also Bakuninism—in Italy
Working-class movement in Portugal—91,
99, 173-74
Working-class movement in Spain—30,
41, 154, 184, 214
See also Bakuninism—in Spain
Working-class movement in Switzerland—
183, 214, 294-95, 306
See also Bakuninism—in Switzerland;
International Working Men's Association—
in Switzerland
Working-class movement in the USA—8,
18, 251, 255






MECW VOL 46





A
Afghanistan — 63, 373
Agriculture — 21, 22, 31, 40, 56, 57, 62,
63, 100, 101, 382, 395, 400, 404,
410-12, 436, 437, 449
Algeria, Algiers—213, 218, 219, 220,
231-33, 235, 238-41, 322
Alliance of Socialist Democracy — see
International Alliance of Socialist
Democracy
Alsace
— annexation by Germany in 1871—
205, 421-22
America — 220, 258, 395
See also United States of America, the
Anarchism— 11, 42, 45, 128-29, 147, 289,
434, 445
— in Austria—141, 405
— in France—10, 11, 43-45, 107,
128, 141, 147, 149, 332, 346, 355,
375, 388, 398, 402, 445
— in Germany — 42
— in Italy—128, 454
— in Russia—11, 45, 82
— in Spain—128, 405
— in Switzerland—129, 405
See also Bakuninism; German Social-
Democracy— Most's anarchist group;
Sectarianism (in working-class and socialist
movement)
Ancient Greece — 333, 413
Ancient Rome—66, 256
Antagonism—100, 400
Anthropology — 453
Anti-Semitism — 126
Arabs — 211, 231, 234, 243, 246
Armchair socialism — 56, 65, 416, 449,
453
Artel—22
Asia Minor— 301, 319
Assyria — 301
Australia — 322
Austria (before 1867) —11, 204-06, 288
See also Austro-Prussian War, 1866
Austria-Hungary (from 1867)—4, 11, 57,
138, 141, 191-94, 196, 204-08, 248,
327, 415
See also Anarchism; Working-class movement
in Austria-Hungary
Austro-Prussian War, 1866—41, 191, 193
B
Babylon — 438
Bakuninism — 46, 129, 173, 182, 190, 283,
288, 289, 333, 341, 343, 363, 370, 375,
383, 388, 389, 408, 433
See also Anarchism; International Alliance
of Socialist Democracy
Balkans, the — 204, 205, 207
Banks—4, 12, 31, 62, 63, 66, 74, 177,
189, 194, 210, 257, 353
Blanquism — 192
Bohemia — see Working-class movement in
Bohemia
Bonapartism — 53, 141, 191, 343, 453, 454
Bosnia— 193
Bourgeoisie— 74, 140, 261, 350, 351, 449
Brandenburg — 403
Bulgaria— 194, 205-08
Bureaucracy— 187, 207, 209
C
California — 46, 101, 438
Canada — 322
Cape, the— 322
Capital—56, 63, 71, 162, 210
'Capital' by Karl Marx — 16, 60, 71, 141,
189, 257, 298, 299, 473
— distribution of Vol. I and dissemination
of its ideas — 44, 45, 55, 56,
61, 65, 73, 74, 102, 103, 161-63,
185, 339, 365-66, 392, 423, 425
— first Russian edition of Vol. I — 45,
399
— third German edition of Vol. I —
158, 161, 162, 225, 347, 359, 369,
423, 425, 433
— French edition of Vol. I—40, 310
— preparation of the second volume —
16, 158, 161, 465
Capitalist—id, 63, 99, 123, 356
Capitalist mode of production—16, 66, 67,
71, 99-101
Cartels—416
Catalonia — 239
Catholicism— 11, 68, 70, 182, 206, 286
Celts—69, 288, 395, 438, 452
Centralisation of capital—45, 433
Centralisation of production — 45
Chartism, Chartist movement— 102, 197, 293
Chauvinism — 44-45, 157, 192, 195, 208,
290, 354, 360, 415
Chemistry—317, 446
Child's labour— 70, 123
China —3, 4, 372
Christianity—242, 250, 319, 323
— early —67, 256
Church, the—68
Civil War in the USA, 1861-65—78, 287
Clan — 285, 452
Class(es)— 49, 350, 351, 435, 436
See also Bourgeoisie; Peasantry; Working
class
Classical political economy —16, 93,
100, 189
Class struggle— 181, 185, 188, 333, 343,
350
Colonies, colonial policy—192, 234,
239, 302, 321-23
Commune— 71, 207, 210-11, 231, 395, 404
Communism (social formation)—22, 43,
56, 57, 63, 66, 67, 99, 100, 148, 388
Communism, scientific—see Socialism, scientific
Communist Educational Society of German
Workers in London—7, 72, 79, 236, 251,
330, 333, 334, 356
Communists, communist movement—75,
77, 446
Competition — 21, 40, 56, 74, 123, 260,
307, 415, 416
Concentration of capital—251, 434, 453
Confiscation (of private property)—68,
69, 346-47
Conquest
— role in history — 413, 414
Conservative Party (Tories) (England) —
69, 75, 83, 90, 129, 251, 285, 322
Consumption — 57, 436, 437
Corruption — 288, 319
Court, judicial system — 78, 80, 86, 111,
233, 234, 259, 260
Credit—63, 88, 177, 189, 210, 257-58
Croatia, Croats—206
D
Danish, War, 1864—11
Darwinism — 251, 274, 377, 437
Democracy, bourgeois (political movement)—
348
Democracy, petty-bourgeois (political movement)
— 446
Democratic Federation (England) —104,
105, 162, 163, 251, 423
Denmark — 286
Dialectics —Ü2, 350, 351, 434
— in Marx's Capital—298
— of nature and natural science —
383, 384
Dictatorship of the proletariat — 65-67, 207,
349, 350
Division of labour—400
Domestic industry—20-22, 152, 153, 454
E
Economic crises —31, 63, 188-90, 391, 392,
415
— industrial — 31, 62
— commercial — 4, 31, 62
— agrarian — 31
— money and financial — 31, 62, 63,
188, 189
— crisis of 1837-42—391, 415
— crisis of 1877-80—4, 30, 31, 415
— crisis of 1882-83—188, 189, 414,
415
Economics and politics — 322-23
Education— 17', 18, 20, 21, 70
Egypt—297, 301, 302, 313, 317, 319, 323,
335-37, 363, 365, 423
Electricity — 319-20, 364, 374, 384, 385,
391, 404, 448, 449
Emigration — 360, 361
Emigration, political—197, 287, 362
— French in England — 44-45
— German in England — 52, 72
— German in Europe — 355, 356,
369-70, 430, 431
— German in the USA—77, 78,. 99,
278, 279, 355, 369
— Irish —287, 288
— Italian in England — 48
— Polish—183, 192, 195
— Russian —45, 78-79, 82-83, 195
Engels, Frederick
— biographical information—12, 15,
17, 23-25, 27, 56, 57, 59, 72, 100,
149, 178-79, 190, 204, 258, 281,
294, 300, 301, 307, 314, 325, 329,
332, 348, 351, 375, 377, 388, 389,
415, 432, 446-49, 460
— joint work with Marx— 12, 15, 17,
42, 43, 88, 210, 292, 298, 402,
403, 406, 408-12
— Marx about Engels—157
— contribution to workers' and socialist
press —73, 74, 105, 119-23,
140,149,197,235-36,244,251,282,
292, 303, 325, 331, 334-36, 377
— as a leader of the international
working-class movement (after
Marx's death) —436, 447
— and working-class movement in
England—105, 119-23, 197, 228,
234
— and working-class movement in
France—10-12, 15,43-44, 144-50,
173, 181, 183, 190, 197, 234, 289,
333, 342-47, 350, 352, 360-62, 379,
384, 387, 388, 402, 441
— and working-class movement in
Germany —7-10, 35, 38, 40-42, 50,
59, 72-75, 77, 78, 85, 86, 88, 126,
127,137-39,141,153,154,187,188,
203, 204, 208, 209, 236, 244, 251,
256, 259-61, 279, 281-83, 288, 289,
292, 293, 301, 302, 324, 325, 332,
335, 336, 343, 346, 348-50, 433
— and Polish national liberation
movement—195
— and revolutionary and democratic
movement in Russia—12
— and working-class movement in
Spain—128
— and working-class movement in the
USA —77, 78, 294, 295
— studies in world history—12, 22,
68-70, 73, 256, 286-89, 332, 336,
381, 382, 386, 395, 400, 403, 404,
408,409-14,416,433,437,438,451-
52, 454
— studies in the history of wars and
military theoretical problems —
313, 314
See also Marx, Karl; Party, proletarian;
Socialism, scientific; Working-class movement
England (Great Britain) — 30, 31, 69, 90,
398, 453
— monopoly of the world market —
71, 96, 121, 322
— foreign and domestic trade — 3, 4,
258
— industry —21, 152, 307, 314, 400
— agriculture and agrarian relations—
31, 40, 41, 400
— domestic policy — 53, 54, 80, 81,
86, 90, 121, 364
— landed aristocracy, landlords — 31,
40, 41, 75, 84, 172, 185, 285-89
— bourgeoisie—18, 41, 78, 121, 123,
140, 152, 185, 423, 424
— working class — 3, 49, 75, 105, 121,
123, 124, 152, 154, 155, 185, 322
— agricultural workers — 31, 41, 185
— peasants, tenants, farmers — 31,
41, 70, 185, 286
— political parties of ruling classes —
54, 75, 83
— foreign policy and diplomacy — 40,
63, 69, 75, 78, 83, 185, 286, 287,
319, 323, 353, 365, 399
— bourgeois radicals — 41, 53, 54, 75,
83, 129, 171, 172
— colonial policy— 63, 64, 234, 287,
298, 302, 322, 365, 423
— conquest of Egypt — see Egypt
— policy in Ireland — 40, 41, 68-70,
75, 84, 86, 90, 172, 185, 251, 285-88
See also Conservative Party (Tories)
(England); Democratic Federation (England);
Economic crises; English Revolution,
the (17th cent.); Liberal Party
(England); Trade unions (in England);
Whigs (England); Working-class movement
in England
English Revolution, the (17th cent.) —
68-69
Europe—22, 101, 205, 322
Exploitation — 88
Exploitation of labourer by capital— 71,
152-53, 303, 431, 435, 436
See also Child's labour; Factory legislation;
Female labour; Wages; Working
day
Expropriation — 71, 207, 286
F
Factory legislation — 55, 88, 120, 122,
140, 157, 324, 354, 359
— in England—122, 133-34, 140
— in Germany—139, 140, 324, 347,
354, 360, 364
— in Switzerland—122, 347, 364,
373
Family and marriage — 395, 437, 438, 450-
53
Federal Diet (in Germany) — 191
Female labour—123
Feudalism— 181, 400, 404, 413, 414
Foreign policy
— and proletariat's position — 205,
301-02
Fourierism — 200, 241
France (before 1848 revolution) —175,
192, 344, 402
See also Second Empire in France; Third
Republic in France; Working-class movement
in France
Franco-Prussian War, 1870-71—53, 112-
14, 191-92, 469
Freedom, liberties—49, 83, 84, 152, 192
Free Trade — 12
— Manchester School —74, 122, 260
French Revolution, the (18th cent.)—66,
68, 69, 209, 210
G
Galicia—194
General Association of German Workers
(1863)—8, 191
See also German Social-Democracy; Lassalleanism;
Working-class movement in
Germany
German Social-Democracy—12, 15, 72,
121, 154, 157, 188, 191, 236, 280-82,
324, 326, 330, 335, 342, 349-51
— Gotha programme — 362, 447
— Socialist Party before the introduction
of the Exceptional Law against
Socialists — 8 , 75, 187, 324
— during the Exceptional Law,
struggle against reformism and petty-
bourgeois socialism — 7-11,
38, 41, 50, 73-75, 80, 85, 86, 116,
127-28, 137-39, 151-54, 173, 187,
188, 192, 203, 251, 256, 259-61,
279-82,288,325,335,336,349,350,
357, 358, 362, 430-32, 446-48
— Most's anarchist group—7, 9-11,
42, 43, 59, 74, 78, 80, 82-83,
187, 236, 260, 289
— Social-Democratic group in the
Reichstag — 8 , 10-11, 85, 86, 88,
137, 138, 151, 154, 173, 182, 188,
203, 282, 295, 330, 336, 431, 436,
470
— press of—7-9, 38, 42, 43, 59, 60,
73, 74, 80, 85, 89, 173, 187, 203,
251, 259, 260, 279, 282, 289, 290,
292, 355, 358, 360, 431
— attitude to war threat in Europe —
208, 209, 415
See also Lassalleanism; Working-class
movement in Germany
Germans (ancient) — 382, 395
Germany— 187, 188, 191, 194, 195, 403,
404, 447
— industry—10, 21, 75, 153, 154,
260, 261, 391, 400, 401, 415-16,
420, 453, 454
— finances —4, 74, 88, 256-58
— working class — 8 , 9, 49, 88, 123,
126, 153, 154, 183, 188, 203,
279, 281, 282, 326, 448
— bourgeoisie —42,49, 126, 139, 154,
182, 187, 188, 193, 279, 354
— nobility, Junkers —88, 139, 182,
422
— peasantry — 403, 404, 416
— foreign trade —261, 391, 400
— home policy—10, 49, 75, 78, 88,
126, 137-39, 175, 178, 182, 189,
196,208,209,282,332,336,453,454
— Reichstag —88, 157, 182, 183, 279,
282, 332
— political parties of ruling classes —
10, 78, 157, 182
— prospects of revolution—10, 78,
139, 198, 203, 209, 332, 349
— Ways of unification of—191, 193
— foreign policy —4, 11, 83, 192, 208,
327, 415
See also German Social-Democracy; Prussia;
Working-class movement in Germany
Gold and silver—?,, 4, 31, 57, 62, 63,
210, 211, 256-58
Greece—208
Greek Orthodoxy—206
Guilds, guild system— 10, 74, 400
H
Hegelianism — 354
Herzegovina— 192, 205-06
Hesse-Cassel (Electorate of Hesse) — 273
History — 68, 79, 89, 321
— historical necessity—333
— role of masses and personality in —
458, 459, 462
— role of force in — 400
Holy Alliance— 191, 194, 273
Hungary—191
See also Austria-Hungary; Revolution of
1848-49 in Hungary; Working-class movement
in Hungary
I
India — 63, 64, 170, 322, 438
Industrial revolution — 21, 46, 105
Industry—410-13, 449
Insurance — 87, 324, 332, 353, 359
Intellectuals, «A«—127, 137, 447
International Alliance of Socialist Democracy—
43, 129, 181, 190, 333, 339, 341,
370, 375, 408
International Congress of Socialists in Chur
(1881) —151
International, First—see International
Working Men's Association
Internationalism in working-class movement—
191-93, 195, 205
International solidarity of workers— 197
International Working Men's Association
(First International) — 197, 198
— first programme documents — 342
— and the Paris Commune — 52, 53
— struggle against Proudhonism —
342
— struggle against Bakuninism —
342
— General Council —52, 53, 197
— Marx's and Engels' leading role —
149
— cessation of activities, causes of—
196-98
— in England—102
— in France—191, 196, 342
— in Russia — 45
— in Spain— 128
— in Switzerland — 342, 343
Ireland—69, 75, 191, 193, 251, 252
— as British colony and citadel
of British landlordism —40, 69, 70,
75, 84, 86, 90, 172, 185, 285, 287,
288
— land question as a form of the national
question—40,68,69,75,157,
285, 286
— Anglo-Irish Union —69, 286, 288
— foreign trade — 90
— peasantry—70, 75, 251, 286
— liberal-national bourgeois movements—
286
— national liberation movement —
68, 69
— Fenian movement — 286-88
— struggle for Home Rule — 86, 90,
286, 287
Irish National Land League — 84, 286-88
Irish question, the
— importance of, for the workingclass
movement — 40, 75
Islam—206, 238, 242, 323
Italy— 186, 191, 196
J
Japan — 83
L
Labour — 71, 123, 359, 372, 410-13
See also Child's labour; Female labour,
Manual labour
Landed property—31, 68, 69, 71, 90, 157,
210, 251, 298, 301
— communal —207, 331, 336, 383,
437, 438, 450
— feudal —400, 403, 404
— big private — 40
— capitalist —40, 71, 86, 100, 101
— eviction of peasants and tenants
from their land —286, 287,
288
— concentration of—40
Lassalleanism — 8, 12, 15, 157, 191, 230,
278, 279, 294, 324, 325, 332, 343, 349,
351, 354, 357, 433
See also General Association of German
Workers; German Social-Democracy;
Working-class movement in Germany
Lease—86, 287, 288, 403
Liberalism—204, 207, 209, 210, 287
Liberal Party (England) — 13, 53, 54, 75,
80, 83, 86, 185, 322
Liberation struggle against Napoleonic
rule—208
Lithuania, Lithuanians—195
Loans (state) —12, 63, 251, 273
Lumpenproletariat—272
Luxembourg — 415
M
Machines — 21, 153, 307, 314, 434, 449,
454
Malthusianism — 58, 151, 437
Manual labour—153
Manufacture — 400
Mark-community among ancient Germans and
in Germany—336, 395, 399
Marx, Karl
— biographical information—12, 15,
42, 43, 45, 48, 52, 53, 57, 59, 61,
65, 71, 72, 95, 99, 100, 103, 149,
156, 157, 177, 184-86, 244, 246, 332
— joint work with Engels—12, 15,
17, 42, 43, 88, 210, 298, 403,
404, 408-13
— Engels about Marx and his role in
the international working-class
movement—146, 147, 149, 351,
447, 458-60, 462
— and the working-class movement in
England—102, 103, 228, 234
— and the working-class movement in
France—15, 43-45, 133, 141, 144-
50, 173, 181, 183, 197, 199, 339,
342, 350, 358, 360-61, 385, 402
— and the working-class movement in
Germany—7, 8, 35, 38, 40-43,
72, 78, 85, 86, 98, 99, 137, 138, 149,
152,187, 188,259,260,279-82,292,
335, 447-49
— and Polish national liberation
movement—195
— and revolutionary movement in
Russia—18, 71, 72, 82, 94, 95,
149, 235-36, 240, 284, 464, 469-70
— and the working-class movement in
Switzerland— 133
— and the working-class movement in
the USA—76, 77, 133
See also 'Capital' by Karl Marx; Engels,
Frederick; Party, proletarian; Socialism,
scientific; Working-class movement
Mathematics— 130-31, 378, 379, 380
Means of production — 67, 71, 411, 454
Means of subsistence—67, 71, 411, 454
Medicine— 140, 141
Metallurgy — 415, 416, 421
Mode of production — 395
Monaco — 256, 259, 261, 267-69, 272,
273
Money — 3, 4, 177, 256-58
— paper (and credit) —177, 189, 210
— analysis of, in Marx's Capital—
177, 189
— bourgeois theories of money and
money circulation — 7, 177, 189,
210, 256-58
Money market—4, 31, 62-63, 78
Monopoly— 74, 260, 261, 324
Montenegro — 206
Mortgage— 177, 189, 210, 257
N
Narodisrn {Populism) in Russia—18, 42,
45, 71, 78, 80, 82, 83, 96, 209, 288
Nation—146, 153, 191, 193
Nationalisation
— of land —99-103
— of all means of production—148
Nationality—204, 206
National question
— and working class— 191, 192, 205
Natural science— 173, 321, 377, 395
North German Confederation — 191
Norway — 358
P
Pan-Slavism— 192-95, 203-04, 207-08
Paris Commune of 1871— 18, 44, 52, 66, 68,
117, 127, 133-34, 193, 408, 469
Party, proletarian — 8, 9, 43, 49, 102, 138-
39, 173, 188, 192, 342, 350, 389, 408
— programme of—102, 148, 341,
350, 389
— tactics of—65, 138-39, 279, 281,
333, 431, 432
— organisational principles—7, 8,
134-35, 388-89
— criticism and self-criticism — 302,
342
— theoretical discussions—137, 146
— innerparty struggle — 279, 280,
281, 342, 350, 351
— struggle against reformism and opportunism—
187, 188, 260, 281-83,
350, 351, 446, 447
— struggle against sectarianism and
dogmatism — 42
— agitation and propaganda — 8,
138, 141, 369-70
— party press — 8 , 59, 85, 289, 290,
355, 360, 361, 389, 431
— and colonial question — 302, 322,
323
— and trade unions — 388
— and peasantry and agrarian question—
99, 100, 138
See also German Social-Democracy;
Socialism, scientific; Working-class
movement
Peasantry — 301, 302, 400
People, popular masses—141, 148, 187,
188, 203, 206-08, 281, 349, 361
— role of popular masses in history —
66, 138-39, 188
Persia — 301, 373
Phoenicia, Phoenicians—438
Physics — 410-13
Physiocrats— 73, 230
Poland— 191-95, 204, 415
— and Russia—192-94
Polish national liberation uprising, 1863-
64—193, 195
Polish question — 191-93
Polish working-class and socialist movement—
155, 166, 174, 183, 190, 192,
193
Political economy — 321
See also 'Capital' by Karl Marx; Classical
political economy; Physiocrats;
Vulgar political economy
Political struggle — 286
Polytheism — 256
Population — 56, 57, 434, 437, 454
Portugal— 322
Press, the
— bourgeois —83, 247, 297, 474
— proletarian— 170
— socialist—197, 297
Price, price formation — 4, 16, 40, 90, 101,
210, 256-57, 260
Private property—68, 69, 71, 99, 100, 148,
207, 260, 261, 286, 347, 400, 401, 403,
404
Production — 21, 57, 153
Production costs—411
Productive forces — 449
Profit—56, 100
Protectionism—-21, 22, 74, 88, 153, 260,
324, 454
Protestantism — 67-70
Proudhonism — M, 93, 100, 193, 221, 342,
375, 408
Prussia— 175, 178, 282, 288, 327, 403
— agriculture, agrarian relations —
252
— finances—74, 88
— working class — 393
— Junkers—114, 257
— Prussian way of the unification of
Germany—191, 193, 431-32
— and Poland —391
See also Germany
R
Radicalism, radicals—203, 389
Railways — 63, 195, 248, 251, 324, 354,
364, 380, 386
— nationalisation of, under capitalism—
88, 260, 261, 324, 354, 359,
377, 380
Reaction (political) —187, 189-90, 193,
209
Religion — 205, 206, 256, 395
Rent (of land) —31, 63, 93, 100-01, 416
Republic, bourgeois—92, 191, 333, 441
Revolution—138, 189-91, 302, 431, 432
— and evolution — 49-50
— prospect of, in Europe — 79, 193
Revolutionary phrase-mongering— 7, 59, 74,
83, 138, 148, 238, 302, 343, 389, 398
Revolutionary situation — 79
Revolution, bourgeois—66
Revolution of 1848-49— 192, 208
Revolution of 1848-49 in Austria —
288-89
Revolution of 1848-49 in Germany — 59,
175, 178, 192, 251
Revolution of 1848-49 in Hungary—192
Revolution of 1848-49 in the Italian
states—192
Revolution, proletarian, socialist—49, 66-
67, 153, 205, 322, 323, 349, 350, 357,
408
Right, law — 57, 111, 188, 189, 354, 403,
404, 431
Rumelia (Eastern) —195, 208
Russia— 194, 301
— industry —21, 22
— finances, loans, banks—12, 182,
194, 373
— agriculture and agrarian relations—
62, 182
— post-reform economy, development
of capitalism — 20
— domestic situation—12, 78, 193,
194, 208, 319
— Tsarism's policy in regard to Poland—
192-94
— nobility — 6 1 , 204
— peasantry —22, 71, 205
— Zemstvos —20, 175
revolutionary movement— 193,
194, 319, 415, 469
— ripening of revolution, its international
significance — 4, 198, 204,
209, 332, 414, 415
— Marx's and Engels' contacts with
Russian personalities in science and
culture —30-32, 45, 60-62, 64, 71,
72, 82, 92-94, 96, 116, 124-25, 160,
161, 167, 184, 201, 211-12, 235,
240, 244, 278-79, 284, 296, 422,
464
— dissemination of Marxism — 45,
184, 244, 399, 425
— Tsarism as bulwark of European reaction—
193, 194, 204, 205, 207,
209
— foreign policy, diplomacy — 4, 78,
83, 192, 208, 248, 316, 319, 323,
327, 363, 373
— and Austria —204, 205, 248
— and England —319, 323
— and France —319, 363
— and Germany— 192
— and Turkey —247, 248, 373
— policy in Asia — 373
— annexation of the Caucasus —
319
See also Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78
Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78—319
Ruthenians—see Ukraine, the; Ukrainians
S
Saxony—403
Schleswig-Holstein— 403
Science— 140, 141, 450
See also Political economy; Socialism
(theory); Socialism, scientific
Scotland— 31, 68, 69, 206
Second Empire in France — 53, 133
— foreign policy — 191
— home policy — 453, 454
— working class— 153
See also Bonapartism; Franco-Prussian
War, 1870-71; Working-class movement in
France
Sectarianism (in working-class and socialist
movement)—43, 44, 143, 154, 405
Serbia— 195, 205-07
Serfdom — 403
Seven Tears' War, 1756-63—158
Shares, joint-stock companies — 63, 88, 251,
261, 354, 359
Slavery — 403
Slavs—193-95, 203-07, 395, 438
Slovenia, Slovenians — 194
Socialism (as the first phase of communist
society) —333
Socialism (theory) —12, 44, 100, 101,
146, 147, 153, 157, 294, 321, 332
See also Armchair socialism; Fourierism;
'State socialism'
Socialism, scientific — 43, 44, 56, 57, 65-
67, 146, 147, 162, 375
Socialists — 302, 307, 333, 339, 349, 360,
361
Social relations — 57
Social system — 66
Society
— primitive —395, 437, 438, 451-53
— gentile —382-83
— bourgeois—73, 207
Spain— 196, 240, 322
'State socialism'—149, 183, 354, 393,
433, 434
— economic content of this notion —
74, 154, 260, 324
State, the—100, 101, 122, 123, 139, 142,
354
— nationalisation of the means of
production —73, 74, 127, 260, 261,
324, 354, 433, 449
Statistics—20, 82, 112
Stock exchange— 190, 268, 433, 435, 448
Strategy and tactics of class struggle of
the proletariat—65-66, 99, 100, 192,
431
See also Class struggle; Party, proletarian;
Revolution, proletarian, socialist
Strikes — 224, 230, 393
Subjective and objective
— in politics—187, 188
Suffrage—441
Surplus value — 56, 100, 416, 433, 434
Switzerland— 26, 78, 122, 319, 330, 406
See also Working-class movement in Switzerland
T
Taxes— 11, 79, 99, 100, 207, 208, 301,
332, 435
Terror, terrorism — 238, 251, 254, 286-89
Third Republic in France—18, 117, 127,
194
— domestic policy—108, 363, 401,
402, 406, 474
— financial aristocracy — 298
— bourgeoisie—11, 44, 283, 355
— petty bourgeoisie — 356
— working class—43, 44, 133, 145,
146, 283, 333, 342, 356, 359-60,
361
— peasantry — 11, 117
— electoral system—116, 120, 361,
441
— political parties of ruling classes —
45, 117, 133, 297, 298, 361
— Bonapartists—141, 401
— moderate bourgeois republicans —
44, 117, 126, 133, 297, 319, 333,
355, 361, 474
— bourgeois radicals (Clemenceau's
group) — 45, 92, 298, 333, 339, 342,
361
— bourgeois press — 44, 84, 117, 134,
297, 298, 360, 361
— foreign policy — 208,297, 298, 319,
363
— colonial aggression — 92, 233, 234,
246-47, 297, 298
— and Russia —319, 363
Thirty Years' War, 1618-48—404, 448
Town— 187, 286
— antithesis between town and country—
449
Trade-unionism — 185
Trade unions—119, 121, 122, 380, 384,
385, 388
See also Trade unions (in England)
Trade unions (in England) —119, 121,
123, 152, 155, 359
Tribe(s) — 437, 438, 451, 452
Tunisia — 92, 363
Turkey— 194, 205-08, 248, 319, 414
See also Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78
U
Ukraine, the; Ukrainians—194, 195, 205
Unemployment — 453, 454
United States of America, the—31, 57, 257,
289, 360
— development of capitalism — 57,
63, 96, 102, 251, 288, 415, 434
— economic crises — 414, 415
— working class—102, 360
— peasantry — 434
— prospects of revolution — 323
— finances —257-80
— Protectionism — 261
— agriculture — 57, 63, 102
— foreign and domestic trade — 90,
415, 434, 437
— foreign policy — 289
— and England —69, 185, 287, 288
See also Civil War in the USA, 1861-
65; War of North American Colonies for
Independence, 1774-83; Working-class
movement in the USA
V
Value— 3, 16, 189, 210, 256-58
— classical bourgeois economists'
views of— 16
— vulgar bourgeois economists' views
of— 16, 392
See also Money; Price, price formation;
Surplus value
Vulgar political economy — 4, 16, 32, 62,
63, 73, 75, 99-101, 177, 189, 210, 211,
298, 372, 392, 416, 434
W
Wages— 153, 359, 360, 388, 474
— criticism of bourgeois views — 43,
148, 230
Wage labour— 71, 100, 122
War(s)- 32, 122, 205-08, 322, 323, 415
— danger of war in Europe — 4, 32,
192-94, 204, 205, 207-09, 327
— and revolutionary movement —
193, 194, 204, 205, 208-09, 415
War of North American Colonies for Independence,
1774-83—69
Weitlingianism—145, 413
Whigs (England)—54, 75
White Russia—195
Workers' aristocracy — 322
Workers' Party of France—43-45, 127,
133, 144, 148, 297, 309, 332, 342, 350,
351, 370, 386-89, 405, 406, 447
— programme of—43, 44, 148, 149,
181, 474
— struggle between Guesdists and Possibilists—
133, 141, 145-50, 153,
154, 173, 190, 196, 197, 199, 200,
283, 290, 309, 333, 341-45, 350,
354-56, 360-63, 370, 373, 375, 380,
384, 386-89, 394, 406-08, 456
— struggle against sectarianism and
revolutionary phrases—138, 141,
147, 148, 238, 266, 343, 375, 379,
389, 398, 402, 441, 445
— parliamentary activity — 43, 133,
138, 141, 145, 282, 283, 361, 362,
405, 406
— party congresses—154, 173, 339,
341-43, 363, 379, 380, 384, 386-
89, 394, 408
— press organs — 44, 145, 146, 150,
154, 166, 173, 181, 183, 196, 199,
219, 266, 290, 309, 345, 347, 352,
356, 357, 360-63, 375, 379, 384, 445
— and socialist parties of other countries—
345, 352, 357
Working class — 49, 66, 101, 123, 152,
153, 185, 188, 195, 205, 325, 327, 350,
351
— and national liberation movement—
302, 322, 323
See also Internationalism of the workingclass
movement; Party, proletarian;
Revolution, proletarian, socialist; Working-
class movement
Working-class movement—4, 8, 22, 43, 65-
67, 83, 139, 141, 149-51, 188, 192, 196-
98, 205, 343, 356
— struggle against militarism, annexations
and wars —205, 207-09
— and national question—191-93,
205
— importance of its unity— 197, 350,
351
— and peasantry—139
— and town non-proletarian elements—
126
See also Chartism, Chartist movement;
Class struggle; International solidarity
of workers; International Working Men's
Association; Party, proletarian; Trade unions;
Trade unions (in England); Working
class
Working-class movement in Austria-
Hungary— 191, 193, 194
Working-class movement in Belgium —
197, 333
Working-class movement in Bohemia—195
Working-class movement in Denmark—197
Working-class movement in England—
103, 105, 121, 122-23, 152, 154, 155,
162, 163, 184, 185, 192, 197, 234, 322,
356, 360, 474
See also Chartism, Chartist movement;
Trade unions (in England)
Working-class movement in France — II,
43-45, 61, 134, 138, 141, 144-50, 153,
154, 157, 191, 192, 333, 343, 344, 347,
355, 356, 360-61, 386, 387, 406, 474
See also Proudhonism
Working-class movement in Germany — 8, 9,
38, 42, 49, 139, 140, 151-53, 156, 157,
188, 193, 194, 203, 279, 431, 448
See also German Social-Democracy; Lassalleanism
Working-class movement in Hungary — 191
Working-class movement in Italy —191,
197, 358
Working-class movement in the Netherlands—
65, 197
Working-class movement in Portugal—197
Working-class movement in Romania—197
Working-class movement in Serbia—197
Working-class movement in Spain — 128
Working-class movement in Switzerland—
143
Working-class movement in the United States
of America— 77, 78, 143, 279, 284, 294,
356
Working day— 157, 388, 473, 474
Z
Zoology — 377






MECW VOL 47





A
Adventurism (in politics)
— of anarchist tactics—10, 154, 408
— of the Social Democratic Federation
sectarian leaders — 471
See also Anarchism, anarchists; Bakuninism,
Bakuninists; Blanquism, Blanquists;
Bonaparlism; Putsch, putschism
Agricultural workers—180-81, 235, 239,
241, 353, 388-89
Agriculture—115, 156, 179-80, 213-14,
224, 232-33, 234-35, 241, 316, 389
See also Landed property; Nationalisation
of land
Alsace— 483, 485, 503, 514
See also Lorraine.
Anarchism, anarchists—10-11, 154, 198,
408
— in England —430-31, 438, 443,
446, 451, 471, 534
See also Adventurism; Bakuninism, Bakuninists;
Putsch, putschism
Anglo-Egyptian war, 1882—505, 510, 514
Armchair socialism — 24, 138, 184, 226,
348, 385, 389-90, 417
Army — 234, 235, 339, 343, 486-87, 499-
500, 512, 515
— Austrian —339, 486, 515
— French—149, 343, 485, 486
— German —234, 235, 343, 487
— Prussian —339, 486, 515, 519-20
— Russian —339, 485, 487
Art — 78-79, 154, 224, 285, 359
Austria (before 1867) —503, 510, 513,
515
Austria-Hungary (from 1867)
— and Bosnia, annexation of—505,
513, 514
— and Slav peoples — 505, 513-15
— foreign policy and diplomacy —
505, 513-17
— and Germany —486, 513, 516-18
— and Russia —486, 513-18
— and Turkey —505, 510, 513-15,
518
Austro-Prussian war, 1866—217, 221-22
Average rate of profit— 182-83, 226
B
Bakuninism, Bakuninists— 10, 198, 470
See also Adventurism; Anarchism, anarchists
Banks— 156, 281, 340
— and bank (money) capital — 88-89,
224, 338-39
— and foreign loans —338-39, 359-
60, 365, 377-78
— Marx's analysis of bank capital in
Capital—89, 289-90, 522
Berlin — 217, 356
Blanquism, Blanquists—280, 342
See also Adventurism
Bonapartism — 51, 282, 487, 514-15
Bosnia — see Austria-Hungary
Bourgeois political economy — 24-25, 193
— contradictions and evolution —
183-84, 348, 388-89
— schools in—183-84, 348
Bourgeoisie — 51, 317, 497-98
Bourgeoisie, German — 213, 268, 269, 434,
487, 493, 498, 510
See also Revolution of 1848-49 in Germany
Bourgeoisie, Russian — 281, 365, 498
British Museum— 187, 400, 448
Capital—42, 154, 193-94, 224-25, 338,
452
See also Capitalist mode of production;
Money capital; Primitive accumulation of
capital
'Capital' by Karl Marx — 226
— history of writing — 29, 102, 104,
122-23, 188, 244
— its third and the subsequent versions:
the manuscripts of 1863-
65 — 88-89, 264, 293-94
— plans for publication—102, 122-
23, 244, 264
— agreement on publication—17,
76, 85-86, 120-21
— subject index— 188
— manuscripts of Capital left by
Marx — 3 , 6, 39-41, 53
See also Marxist political economy
'Capital'', Volume I
— subject-matter — 224-25
— Engels on its contents and significance—
214, 224-25
— dissemination among workers — 8-9,
115, 342, 385, 464-65, 471
— reaction on it by bourgeois and
petty-bourgeois circles—16-17,
111, 166, 181-83, 187,209-10,212,
224-25, 266-67, 318-19
— its popularisation — 8, 11, 44, 45,
50, 58-64, 76-78, 89-90, 93-94, 96,
101, 112, 115, 310, 384-86, 417,
465, 482
'Capital', Volume II
— its significance —58, 93, 100, 154,
206, 265
subject-matter—294, 296
— Engels' work on the first edition —
3, 14, 18, 26, 29, 33, 39, 42-43, 53,
57-58, 88, 120, 122-23, 134, 151,
153, 154, 156, 160-61, 187, 190,
198, 202, 210, 212, 217, 244, 249,
262, 263, 265, 267, 270-71, 277-78,
289, 292, 297, 308, 310, 316, 328,
349-50
— Engels' work on the Preface— 187,
210, 212, 219, 262, 292-93, 297,
318
— work on the Russian edition —
65-66, 92-93, 100, 260, 272, 277-
78, 289, 293, 310, 318-19, 400-01,
432
— work on the French edition —
359
— bourgeois economists' response —
17, 348, 522
'Capital', Volume III
— its significance —93, 161,262,264,
265, 270-71, 277-79, 286, 289, 297,
300, 308, 317, 348
— history of writing —29, 43, 88-89,
264, 289-90, 293-94
— subject-matter —224, 290, 295-97
— work on the first edition — 3, 18,
29, 33, 88-100, 120, 122-23, 151,
244, 249, 262-65, 270-71, 277-78,
286, 289-91, 293, 294, 296, 301,
305-06, 308, 310, 316-17, 348-49,
358, 374, 394, 400, 402, 405, 416,
484, 521-22
'Capital', Volume IV
— subject-matter — 29, 102, 104, 120,
122-23, 188, 226, 244, 279
— Engels' plans for publication — 29,
102, 104, 120, 122-23, 188, 244,
270
Capitalist—10, 58, 179-80, 181, 182,
340, 452
See also Bourgeoisie; Bourgeoisie, German;
Bourgeoisie, Russian; Capital; Capitalist
mode of production; Exploitation of labour
power by capital; Petty bourgeoisie
Capitalist mode of production — 24, 141-42,
155, 156, 178, 179, 180, 390
See also Society, bourgeois
Chartism, Chartist movement—308, 337
China — 254, 428
Circulation — 180
— analysis of circulation of capital —
3, 88, 122-23, 159
Class (es) — 10, 51, 86-87, 132, 452, 491,
497
See also Bourgeoisie; Class struggle;
Peasantry; Petty bourgeoisie; Working
class
Class struggle — 51, 452-53, 470
See also Class(es); Revolution, proletarian,
socialist; Socialist movement,
international; Tactics of the proletarian
class struggle; Working-class movement
Communism (socio-economic formation)
— 10, 74, 86-87, 119-20, 182, 194,
223, 234, 235, 236, 241-42, 313, 343,
388-89, 391-92, 397-98, 487, 501,
503
See also Revolution, proletarian, socialist;
Transitional period from capitalism to
communism (socialism)
Communism, Icarian (Cabet's communism) —
117, 342
Communism in Germany (theories and
trends) —263, 350-51
See also Socialism in Germany
Communism, primitive — 82, 102-03, 116
Communism, Utopian — 263, 342
Communists, communist movement—17, 86-
87, 542
See also Marxism
Community (commune)—82, 102, 103, 132,
178, 179, 279, 281, 398, 503
See also Gens, gentile constitution
Competition — 54-55, 107, 181-82
Constitutional monarchy (bourgeois)—51,
119-20
See also England (Great Britain); France
Contradiction—117', 132, 175, 330-31,
390
Co-operative movement—101, 235, 239,
241-42, 353, 389, 465
Cottage industry — 81-82, 179, 213-14, 232-
34
Credit—89, 137-38, 204, 241-42, 289,
338, 340, 377-78, 428
See also Banks; Monetary market; Money
capital
D
Democracy, bourgeois (political movement)
— see Germany — democrats, democratic
movement
Democracy, bourgeois (state and political
system) —119, 343
See also Republic, bourgeois; Society,
bourgeois
Democratic Federation (England, 1881) —
54, 114, 118, 123, 165, 177
Depression — see Economic crises
Dialectics—36, 38, 71, 330-31, 438,
492
— Marx's outline of dialectics — 3
See also Singular, particular and universal
Dogmatism — 90, 93-94, 391-92, 541
E
Eclectism — see Socialism — eclectic
Economic crises—23, 75, 81-82, 213-14,
232, 340, 349, 365, 390, 396-97, 402,
407, 428
Economic doctrine of Marxism — see 'Capital'
by Karl Marx; 'Capital', Volume
I; 'Capital', Volume II; 'Capital', Volume
III; 'Capital', Volume IV; Marxist
political economy
Egypt—505, 510, 514
See also Anglo-Egyptian war, 1882
Emancipation of Labour group, first Russian
Marxist organisation
— Engels' contacts with its members—
64-67, 93, 111-13, 204, 264,
279-80, 281-82, 400, 432
Emigration —26, 225, 283-84
— German in the USA —225, 491,
524-25, 530
— Russian — 68, 88; see also
Bakuninism, Bakuninists
Engels, Frederick
— main biographical information —
25, 26, 39, 69, 92-93, 108, 202,
228-29, 235, 287, 307, 316, 416
— in 1844-February 1848 — 31, 37,
158, 541
— in 1874-83 — 3, 6, 14, 16, 17, 24,
25, 26, 29-33, 39-41, 47-48, 50, 59-
62, 69, 84, 279-80, 393, 529
— in 1884-86 — 84-89, 92-95, 97-98,
104-07, 111, 113, 114, 122, 134-35,
141-43, 145, 147, 151-53, 158, 197-
98, 202, 203, 215, 217, 228, 238,
244-45, 249, 260-65, 267-70, 277-
79, 286, 289, 293-94, 301, 305-06,
316, 332, 348, 349, 363, 391-94,
396-97, 416-17, 422, 423-24, 425,
434, 447, 456-57, 472, 484, 489,
492-94, 498-99
— Engels' study of languages — 49,
113, 279, 280, 282, 363, 447
— Marx's literary executor—3,6,26,
29-33, 38-41, 50, 69, 84, 86, 87, 92-
95, 104, 152, 203, 332, 349, 447,
457
See also 'Capital' by Karl Marx; 'Capital',
Volume I; 'Capital', Volume - II;
'Capital', Volume III; 'Capital', Volume
IV; Communists, communist movement;
German Social Democracy — Marx
and Engels as representatives and
leaders of the party; Marxism; Marxist
philosophy; Marxist political economy;
Natural science — Marx's and Engels'
study of; Party, proletarian; Russia—
Marx's and Engels' study of
the Russian language; Russia —
Marx and Engels on their study of
Russian literature on economics and
social relations in Russia; Russia —
Marx's and Engels' contacts with Russian
men of letters in the 1870s-early
1880s; Socialist movement, international;
Working-class movement
England (Great Britain) — 135-36, 141,
448-49, 491
— in the 1870s-80s —23, 51, 55, 82,
213, 260, 304, 314, 340, 349, 361,
390, 396, 397, 402, 407-08
— industrial revolution, its social consequences—
213, 232, 259
— trade and industrial monopoly on
the world market — 54-55, 213,
254-55, 396-97
— large-scale industry — 213, 254
— political parties of the ruling classes—
304, 314-15, 317
— radicals —268, 304, 314, 317, 326,
367, 389
— radical clubs (in the 1880s)
— 28, 526, 529
— electoral reform of 1884—198,
314, 317, 341
— colonial policy in Ireland — 448-49
Europe — 221, 357, 487-88, 509, 518-19
Exploitation of labour power by capital—
179, 181-82
See also Factory legislation; Female
labour; Working day
F
Factory, factory system — 259, 338
See also Large-scale industry; Machinery
Factory legislation — 57', 216-17, 241-42
Family and marriage — 56, 431, 501
Female labour — 313, 314
Feudalism — 51, 156, 178, 179-80
See also Community (commune)
Force, its role in history — 528-29
Fourierism, Fourierists—133, 141, 185
France — 51, 52, 149, 213, 221, 326, 330-
31, 340, 342, 343, 354, 497, 510
— industrial revolution — 213, 232
— during the Third Republic (after
the defeat of the Paris Commune of
1871) —51, 119, 149, 300, 323,
326, 330-31, 343
— home policy, home situation —
149, 226-27, 270-71, 291-93, 300,
330-31, 441-42
— electoral system — 270-71, 314,
317, 320, 326, 330, 488-89, 507
— National Assembly —343, 409,
413-14, 418, 425, 429-30, 441-42
— political parties of the ruling classes—
149, 314, 317, 330-31, 430-31
— Monarchists —326, 330, 343, 430,
518-19
— bourgeois republicans—141, 268,
270, 314, 317, 326, 330-31, 343,
412, 413, 430, 519
— Radicals (Clemenceau's supporters)
— 98, 141, 149, 226-27, 268, 270,
300, 314, 317, 320, 326, 330-31,
343, 354, 363, 409-12, 418, 424,
429-31, 441-45, 470, 488-89, 497,
507
— and prospects of the revolution —
354, 486, 518
— and Russia — 518-19
See also Army — French; Language —
French; Literature — French; Napoleonic
Wars; Paris Commune of 1871; Petty
bourgeoisie — in France; Socialism, socialists
in France; Socialist movement in
France; Working-class movement in France
Franco-Prussian war, 1870-71 — 342, 481,
485-86
French Workers' Party
— its programme — 311
— struggle of Guesdists against Possibilists—
141, 425
— 'Guesdists' party after the split in
St Etienne in 1882—115, 131
— party congresses—115, 131
— propaganda of Marxism—111,
112, 115, 131, 134, 135, 143-44,
332, 333
— agitation—115, 488-89
— participation in the electoral
struggle—134, 141-42, 442, 445-
46, 488-89, 507
— parliamentary activity — 425, 508
— and bourgeois parties — 413, 442,
444, 445-46, 488-89, 507
See also Socialist movement in France
G
Gens, gentile constitution—103, 132, 503,
515
See also Community (commune); Family
and marriage; Society, primitive
German Empire (after 1871) — 5 1 , 53, 149-
50, 213, 221-22, 343, 348, 485-86, 510
— political system — 435
— constitution — 34
— Reichstag —342, 417, 418
— Bonapartist character of Bismarck's
politics—51, 488
— suffrage —236, 341
— factory legislation — 216-17, 241-
42
— political parties of the ruling classes—
51, 119, 140, 141, 147, 149,
150, 234-35, 282, 311, 316, 333,
342-43, 345, 363, 389, 428, 438,
502, 553
— home policy, domestic situation —
34, 35, 53, 135, 140-41, 147-49,
213, 266, 335, 434-35, 468, 473,
484, 510
— police —81, 98-99, 141, 435
— Anti-Socialist Law (1878-90)— 34,
35, 98-99, 139, 141-42, 148,
213, 216, 217, 232, 242, 278,
304, 526
— Kulturkampf—345, 434, 511
— revolutionary situation in the
1880s —51-52, 335, 516
— colonial policy—192, 199-200
— foreign policy — 53-54, 69, 211,
484, 485-86, 513, 516-18
— and England —485-86
— and France — 53, 514
— and Romania — 53
— and Russia—148, 256, 335, 360,
378, 417, 466-67, 484, 486, 488,
493, 509-10, 516-18
— and Serbia — 53, 513
— and Spain — 53
See also Bourgeoisie, German; Peasantry,
German; Petty bourgeoisie — in Germany;
Working class in Germany
German philosophy—105, 173, 491
See also Hegel, Hegelianism
German Social Democracy — 26-27, 126,
211, 213, 419
— Gotha congress of 1875, foundation
of the united Socialist Workers'
Party —21, 22
— Gotha programme, its critique by
Marx and Engels—146
— struggle against Dühringianism
(1876-78) —126, 250
— under the Anti-Socialist Law
(1878-90), policy and tactics of—
21, 27, 53, 81, 99-100, 114, 115,
141, 144-46, 148-50, 165, 167, 169,
188, 213, 216-18, 223, 225, 269,
274, 286-87, 291, 436, 534
— Copenhagen congress (1883) — 14,
21
— struggle against the reformist wing
in 1870-80 — 21-23, 27, 32, 36, 55-
56, 80-81, 123-24, 130, 141, 144-46,
149-50, 153-54, 165, 169, 184, 188,
199, 216, 217, 225, 231-32, 245,
257-58, 267-71, 275, 282-86, 290,
296, 300-01, 303, 306-08, 314-16,
340, 353, 387-88, 418, 427, 433-34,
437, 442, 446, 449, 487-88, 497,
509
— its revolutionary proletarian
wing —99, 144-45, 151, 169, 188,
199, 201-02, 217, 225, 231, 232,
290, 307-08, 314, 316, 340
— leaders and masses — 22, 27, 99,
124, 130, 144, 152, 169, 188, 217,
267-68, 316, 340
— participation in the elections (general
principles) —140, 169, 198-99,
209-10, 213, 342
— participation in the election campaign
in the 1880s —53, 115, 149,
152, 184, 192, 209-10, 213, 216,
217, 221, 225, 245
— parliamentary activities, factions—
20-22, 149, 154, 199, 210,
216-17, 221, 231-32, 235, 239-43,
245, 267-70, 275, 282-85, 290, 296,
303, 307-08, 314, 353, 361, 387,
388, 409, 418, 427, 433-34, 437,
442
— the press and publishing activities—
27, 144-45, 163, 169, 268, 285,
329-30
— scientific and theoretical activity —
240-41-
— and trade unions and strikes — 242
— and peasantry and agrarian question—
235, 239, 241-42, 353, 389
— and bourgeois parties—140, 148,
216, 231, 232
— and the army —235, 236, 343
— and prospects of a revolution in
Germany —35, 235, 236, 354-55,
487-88
— and socialist parties in other countries—
95, 126, 130, 225, 303, 331,
409, 414-15, 425, 437, 442
— Marx and Engels as representatives
and leaders of the party — 36, 235
— its role in the international socialist
movement of the last third of the
19th century —36, 198-99, 211,
213-14, 342
German Workers' Educational Society in London—
261-62
— after 1874 — 95, 119, 209-10
Germany — 53, 81-82, 98-99, 213, 270,
348, 391, 482, 484
— survivals of feudalism and their liquidation—
51, 234
— fragmentation, and the task of unification
of—217, 221-22
— industry —79, 81-82, 199-200,
213-14, 232-34, 254-56, 338
— industrial revolution—199-200,
214, 232-34, 260
— agriculture, agricultural relations—
81, 214, 232-33, 235
— foreign trade —79, 81, 199-200,
214, 233, 254-55, 285, 349, 402
— bureaucracy — 468, 510
— Philistinism —213, 268, 287, 296,
300-01, 308, 427, 442
— bourgeois liberals in the 1840s-
60s —222, 234
— democrats, democratic movement—
119, 234-35
— science—191, 348
— education — 343
— and Russia — 484
See also Emigration; German Empire;
Prussia; Revolution of 1848-49 in Germany;
Working class in Germany; Working-
class movement in Germany
Gold and silver—25, 377, 378
See also Monetary market; Money
Greenback Labor Party (USA)—401
H
Handicrafts, handicraftsmen — 81, 155-56,
214
Hegel, Hegelianism — 35, 281, 348, 356,
438
— and Marxism—126, 187, 189
Historical approach— 119, 156, 193, 194
Historical materialism, materialist understanding
of history—103, 115, 116, 127,
133, 528-29
See also Class (es); Class struggle;
Historical approach; History
Historical sources — 295-97, 337, 339,
421-22, 498-500
Historiography— 103, 115-16, 133, 178-79,
207, 337, 345, 346-47, 362, 398-99, 422
— formation and development of the
Marxist school of history—132,
133, 194, 251, 305-06, 422, 467,
475, 498-502, 528
See also History (as a science)
History — 343, 519
See also Historical approach; Historical
materialism, materialist understanding of
history; 'Irony of history'; Working class
History (as a science) — 103, 132-33, 305-
06
See also Historical materialism,
materialist understanding of history; Historiography
Holland— 57, 82-83, 102-03, 372, 397
Housing question — 259, 475
I
Ideological struggle in the working-class
movement— 10-11, 145-46, 151-52, 198-
99, 257-58, 290, 300-01, 307, 318
See also Marxism — attitude towards
opportunism and reformism
India— 103, 179, 253-55
Industrial reserve army—141, 407, 408-09
Industrial revolution — 214, 259
See also Large-scale industry; Machinery
Industry — see Cottage industry; Factory, factory
system; Handicrafts, handicraftsmen;
Large-scale industry; Machinery; Manufacture
Instruments of production—156, 179, 181,
338
See also Means of production
Interests— 117', 194, 389, 491
International socialist and workers' congresses
and conferences
— international workers' conference
in Paris (1883)—64, 95-96
See also Socialist movement, international
Internationalism, proletarian — 225, 415
Ireland— 361, 364, 367, 398
•Irony of history'— 34-35, 281, 288, 348
Italy — 24, 179, 514
J
Junkers, Prussian— 138, 388, 468, 516
See also Nobility, aristocracy, German
K
Knights of Labor (USA)—470, 491, 525,
530, 532, 541-42
L
Labour aristocracy — 54-55, 64, 260
See also Reformism; Trade unionism;
Trade unions in England
Land—156, 234-35, 389
See also Land rent; Landed property; Nationalisation
of land
Land rent
— as a subject of Marx's studies — 29,
88, 264-65, 289-90, 293-94, 348-50,
522
— in Rodbertus' theory—102, 138,
204
See also Landed property; Nationalisation
of land
Landed property —82-83, 102-03, 132, 179-
80, 239, 389
Language—7, 43, 49, 90, 173-74, 275-76,
291, 292, 333, 363, 397, 440
— English —363, 396
— French —37, 333, 363, 431
— German —49, 90, 113, 173, 174,
291, 333, 396, 440
— Italian —37, 49, 290, 292, 363
— Russian—113; see also Russia —
Marx's and Engels' study of the
Russian language
Large-scale industry — 23, 81-82, 156, 178,
213-14, 232-33, 259, 338, 428, 450-51,
465
See also Cottage industry; Factory, factory
system; Industrial reserve army; Industrial
revolution; Machinery
Lassalleanism, Lassalleans—35, 225,
305
— demand of state assistance to workers'
cooperatives — 241, 389
— concept of'one reactionary mass'—
34-35, 149, 234, 235
See also German Social Democracy —
Gotha congress of 1875, foundation of
the united Socialist Workers' Party;
German Social Democracy — Gotha
programme, its critique by Marx and
Engels
Law (right) — 156, 221-23
'Left' opportunism — see Anarchism, anarchists;
Bakuninism, Bakuninists
Liberal Parly (England)— 54-55, 121-22
— general characteristic — 303, 314-
15, 317, 345, 361
See also England (Great Britain) —
political parties of the ruling classes;
Parliament, English
Literature—25, 33, 37, 42, 90, 92, 161,
286-87, 290-91, 320, 356-58, 440
— English —95, 194, 224, 238, 239,
427
— French—71, 167, 320, 427
— German —30, 48, 92, 165, 253,
320, 356-58
— Italian —48, 357
— old German —226, 498
— old Norse —224, 226
— Russian —48, 158, 357
— Spanish —48, 357
Loans (state) —109, 338-39, 359-60, 364-
65, 516
London — 355-56, 458
Lorraine — 503, 514
See also Alsace
M
Machinery — 82, 156, 181, 233
Manchester school, Manchesters— 184
— new Manchester school — 361,
389, 407
'Manifesto of the Communist Party' by Marx
and Engels— 10, 299
See also Marxism
Manufacture — 61, 76, 101, 465
Market
— and economic crises — 23, 340,
349-50, 365, 390, 396-97, 402, 407,
428
See also Monetary market; Trade (commerce);
World market
Marx, Karl— 36, 351
— Engels on Marx and his role in the
international working-class movement—
17-19, 26, 33, 40, 213, 214,
234, 264-66, 283, 316, 416
See also 'Capital' by Karl Marx; German
Social Democracy—Marx and Engels
as representatives and leaders of
the party; 'Manifesto of the Communist
Party' by Marx and Engels; Marxism;
Marxist philosophy; Marxist political
economy; Russia
Marxism — 54, 214, 234, 270, 279, 471
— component parts of— 126-27, 270-
71, 280, 464-65
— shaping, major stages in its development—
136-37, 393
— creative nature of—391, 530-31,
541-42
— dissemination of its ideas — 54,
111-12, 115, 126-27, 194, 211,280,
363, 469-70, 507
— attitude towards opportunism and
reformism—165, 270, 285, 307
See also Dialectics; Engels, Frederick;
Historical materialism, materialist understanding
of history; Marx, Karl; Marxist
philosophy; Marxist political economy
Marxist philosophy—128-29
See also Historical materialism, materialist
understanding of history
Marxist political economy—182-83, 214,
270-71, 393
— and bourgeois and petty-bourgeois
political economy—157, 163,
181-83, 214, 264, 267, 279-81,
297
See also 'Capital' by Karl Marx; 'Capital',
Volume I; 'Capital', Volume II;
'Capital', Volume HI; 'Capital', Volume,
IV
Materialism—132, 173
See also Dialectics; Historical materialism,
materialist understanding of history
Mathematics—124, 296
— Marx's and Engels'studies of—39,
43
Means of communication — 239, 241-42,
335, 353, 376, 388, 419, 450
Means of production— 156, 157, 193, 390
Mode of production— 141, 157, 194, 274-75
Monetary market—340, 365
See also Gold and silver; Market;
Money; World market
Money— 157, 180-81
— metallic —377-78
— credit —88, 338-39, 377-78
—- quantity in circulation — 76, 401
— depreciation — 378, 401, 516
— and wages — 365, 401
— on the significance of Marx's
theory of money— 154
— on the analysis of money in Marx's
Capital — 89, 154
Money capital—340, 365
N
Napoleonic wars—339
Narodism, Narodniks in Russia — 74, 112,
148, 158, 256, 275, 280, 281, 338, 378,
485-86, 520
Nationalisation of land—82, 239, 389
Natural science
— Marx's and Engels' studies of—43,
126, 328
Nobility, aristocracy, German — 234, 354,
510
See also Junkers, Prussian; Revolution of
1848-49 in Germany
O
Opportunism (in socialist movement) —22,
150
— its essence and social roots—151,
165, 184, 199, 217, 270, 295-96,
300-01, 306-07, 437
— distortion of revolutionary theory,
programme, tactics and organisational
principles of the proletarian
party —22, 145, 164-65, 258, 259,
268-70, 307
See also Reformism; Trade Unionism
Oriental (Eastern) question, the — 485-86,
505, 512-18
See also Russo-Turkish war, 1877-78
Owenism, Owenites—184, 422
P
Panslavism — 486, 488
Paris— 107, 342, 356
Paris Commune of 1871 — 74, 119, 211
Parliament (in bourgeois state)
— use of parliament by working-class
representatives— 198-99, 235, 239-
42, 308, 413-14
Parliament, English —300, 345, 361,
364, 367
See also England (Great Britain)
Party, political — 221
— bourgeois — 343, 525; see also England
(Great Britain)—political
parties of the ruling classes; Liberal
Party (England); German Empire (after
1871)—political parties of the
ruling classes
Parly, proletarian—22-23, 27, 32, 145,
150, 223, 235, 236, 239, 242, 284-85,
290, 296, 306-08, 343, 434-35, 503,
532, 541-42
— importance of revolutionary theory
forits practical activity — 280, 441,
541
— its programme, aims of struggle —
146, 542
— agrarian programme — 241-42,
388-89
— its internationalism — 225, 414
— struggle within the party—145-46,
151, 199, 258-59, 290, 300-01, 307,
316
— struggle against reformism and opportunism—
32, 145-46, 150-51,
164-65, 169, 199, 217-18, 258-59,
270, 296, 300-01, 306-07, 317-18,
427, 437
— struggle against sectarianism and
dogmatism —408, 531, 539, 541-
42
— its tactics— 22,95, 96-97, 108, 140,
149, 217-18, 223, 235, 240-42, 280,
285, 299, 303, 331, 343-44, 367,
370, 388, 425, 435, 444, 541-42
— its parliamentary tactics, significance
of its members' speeches in
parliament —21-23, 140, 169, 235,
239-42, 367, 388-89, 409, 425, 429-
30
— and masses —23, 27, 99, 145, 169,
217-18, 308, 444, 446, 532
— and various opposition parties —
343, 427, 429-30
— propaganda, agitation — 99, 363,
464-65, 499
— struggle against the threat of war,
for maintenance of peace — 343,
363, 487, 519-20
— after the proletariat's coming to power—
235, 388-89, 391-92
See also Communists, communist movement;
Marxism
Peasant war in Germany, 1524-25—217, 244
Peasantry— 119, 179-80, 235, 388-89
See also Community (commune); Peasantry,
German; Peasantry, peasant movements in
Russia
Peasantry, German — 214, 233, 235, 353,
388
See also Germany; Peasant war in Germany,
1524-25
Peasantry, peasant movements in Russia —
122-23, 338, 520
See also Community (commune)
Petty bourgeoisie—119, 223, 497
— in England — 317
— in France —330, 497
— in Germany —223, 497
See also Peasantry; Socialism (theories
and trends) — petty-bourgeois
Philosophy—126-27, 194, 432
See also Dialectics; Historical materialism,
materialist understanding of history;
Marxist philosophy; Materialism
Physiocrats— 180, 184
Poetry
— proletarian —92, 160, 286, 287
— English —92, 224, 238, 286-87
— German —33, 47, 160, 286-87, 433
See also Literature
Political economy—163, 182, 271-72,
297, 348
See also Bourgeois political economy;
Marxist political economy; Physiocrats;
Ricardian school in bourgeois political
economy; Ricardian Socialists; Vulgar
bourgeois political economy
Possibilism, Possibilisls
— as opportunist trend in the French
socialist movement — 64, 141, 320,
425, 430, 431, 442
See also Socialist movement in France—
during the Third Republic (from
1871); French Workers' Party
Press, the
— socialist press — 285, 307
Prevision, forecast— 23, 64-66, 75, 82, 354,
391-92, 481-87, 497
Primitive accumulation of capital
— its analysis in Marx's Capital—
194, 465
Productive forces—157, 401
Profit— 16, 24-25, 54-55, 163, 166, 180,
181-82, 209-10, 226, 233, 256-57
See also Average rate of profit; Land rent;
Rate of profit; Surplus value
Protectionism — 255, 361, 402, 407
Proudhonism, Proudhonists
— Proudhon as a French socialist
thinker of the 1840s—116-17
— Proudhonism as a form of the pre-
Marxian socialism — 410
— criticism of Proudhon's economic
views—158, 208
— Proudhonism as a trend in the
French working-class movement in
the 1860s-70s —208, 342, 343, 354,
410, 429, 470
Prussia— 137, 221-22, 270, 371-72, 388,
468-69, 484, 513
— and the French Revolution and
Napoleonic wars — 339
— in 1815-early 1848 — 34, 137
— finance, budget, taxes—148, 339
— bureaucracy —397-98, 468-69
— and Germany —221, 485-86
See also German Empire; German Social
Democracy; Germany; Working-class movement
in Germany
Putsch, putschism—149, 2g7
See also Adventurism; Bakuninism, Bakuninists;
Blanquism, Blanquists
R
Radicalism, radicals
— as bourgeois and petty-bourgeois
political trend —226-27, 300, 317,
321, 343, 497; see also England—
radicals; France — Radicals
— bourgeois radicals and workingclass
movement — 98, 149, 267-68,
269-71, 321, 326, 331, 343, 354,
364, 409-14, 424, 428-29, 441-42,
470, 489, 508
Rate of profit— 89, 348, 522-23
See also Average rate of profit; Profit
Rate of surplus value
— and rate of profit —89, 348-49,
522-23
See also Exploitation of labour power by
capital
Reformism— 16, 54-55, 63-64, 341, 449,
450-51, 533
See also Lassalleanism, Lassalleans; Opportunism
(in socialist movement); Party,
proletarian — struggle against reformism
and opportunism; Possibilism,
Possibilists; Proudhonism, Proudhonists;
Trade unionism
Religion— 173, 416, 491, 533
See also Contradiction
Republic, bourgeois — 74, 119-20
— and class struggle — 51, 120, 470-
71
— and working class, working-class
movement —51-52, 119-20,470-71
See also Democracy, bourgeois (state and
political system); France; Revolution of
1848 in France. Second Republic; United
States of America
Revolution — 52, 74, 221-23, 234, 280,
343, 354
See also Revolutionary situation, revolutionary
crisis; Revolution, bourgeois, bourgeois-
democratic; Revolution, permanent;
Revolution, proletarian, socialist; Revolution,
social; War(s) — and revolution
and revolutionary movement
Revolution, bourgeois, bourgeoisdemocratic—
223, 234, 281
— as a step to the proletarian revolution—
35, 343, 487-88
See also Revolution of 1848-49 in Europe;
Revolution, permanent; Revolution, social
Revolution, economic — 214
See also Industrial revolution
Revolution of 1848-49 in Europe—223, 338
See also Revolution of 1848-49 (in different
countries)
Revolution of 1848 in France. Second Republic—
52, 140-41, 234
Revolution of 1848-49 in Germany —
221-22, 233, 234, 350-51, 499-500
Revolution, permanent — 34-35, 51-52, 149,
281, 487-88
— bourgeois-democratic—34-35, 281,
343, 487-88
— proletarian revolution — 34-35, 51-
52, 119-20, 149, 343, 487-88
Revolution, proletarian, socialist—10,
74, 223, 235, 236, 343, 389
See also Communism; Internationalism,
proletarian; Paris Commune of 1871; Revolution,
permanent; Revolution, social;
Transitional period from capitalism to
communism (socialism)
Revolution, social—10, 214
See also Revolution; Revolution, bourgeois,
bourgeois-democratic; Revolution,
proletarian, socialist
Revolutionary situation, revolutionary crisis—
Wl, 471
See also Revolution
Ricardian school in bourgeois political economy—
127-28, 184
Ricardian Socialists—126, 156, 163, 194,
208
Right to wort—141-42, 150
Russia (Russian Empire)
— after 1861—279-81, 338, 366
— development of capitalism —
280-81, 338, 366, 401
—- industry —277, 281, 338
— finances— 112, 277, 338, 366, 378,
401, 516
— internal and foreign loans —
109-10, 148, 338-39, 359-60, 365,
366, 377-78, 516
— students, youth —68, 279-80, 281
— science, literature, culture—156,
357
— revolutionary-critical thought in
the 19th century—111, 156, 279-
80
— revolutionary terror of the Narodniks
—279-81
— beginning of dissemination of Marxism—
42, 74, 89, 93, 111, 112-13,
115, 126, 158, 279-80, 432
— development of revolutionary
situation in the 1870s-80s — 65, 74,
99, 109, 112, 148, 234, 279-80, 338,
378, 487, 488, 504, 505, 509, 516-
20
— possibilities for a revolution and its
international significance — 99,
109, 234, 452, 487, 488, 505, 509,
516, 519
— Marx's and Engels' study of the
Russian language — 48, 112-13,
278, 279, 281, 364
— Marx and Engels on their study of
Russian literature on economics
and social relations in Russia — 68,
88, 100, 112-13, 277, 339, 401, 488
— Marx's and Engels' contacts with
Russian men of letters in the 1870searly
1880s —260, 293-94, 349
— Engels and Russian men of letters
in the 1880s—102, 129, 158, 260,
265, 276-78, 289, 293-94, 318-19,
322, 348-50, 400-02, 521
— foreign policy and diplomacy in the
late 19th century — 256, 466-67,
473-74, 485, 509, 512-19
— and Bulgaria —329, 466, 485, 503-
04, 513-15, 517
— and England —256, 514
— and France —485-86, 518-19 .
— and Germany—148, 256, 338,
360, 466-67, 484, 509, 510, 516-17
— and Turkey —485-, 505, 513, 515,
518
See also Army — Russian; Bourgeoisie,
Russian; Emancipation of Labour group,
first Russian Marxist organisation; Marodism,
Narodniks in Russia; Peasantry, peasant
movements in Russia
Russo-Turkish war, 1877-78—339, 512-14
S
Saint-Simonism, Saint-Simonists—185
Science—56, 116-17, 158, 183, 191, 240,
301, 348, 356
— Marx as a scientist — 264
See also History (as a science); Natural
science; Political economy; Philosophy
Serbia, Serbs — 503, 513-15, 517
See also Serbo-Bulgarian war, 1885-86
Serbo-Bulgarian war, 1885-86— 329,
353, 363-64, 378, 417, 485, 488, 514-
21
Seven Years' War, 1756-63—221
Singular, particular and universal—389,
464-65
Slave trade — 56-57, 194
Slavophilism, Slavophiles — 515-16
See also Panslavism
Slavs — 503, 515
Social-Democratic Association of the Metherlands—
see Working-class and socialist
movement in the Netherlands
Social Democratic Federation (England,
1884) —525-26, 529, 533-34
— criticism of its sectarianism—199,
238, 245, 248, 320, 341-42, 366-70,
384-85, 394-95, 403-04, 406-07,
427-28, 433-34, 443, 446, 471, 492,
529, 534
— split in the Federation (December
1884)— 237-38, 245, 247, 376
— its Left wing —238, 368
See also Democratic Federation; Socialist
League; Socialist movement in England
Socialism (theories and trends)
— pre-Marxian —211, 214, 412-13,
507
— Christian —238, 342, 423-24
— bourgeois—199, 469-70
— petty-bourgeois—199, 208, 296,
300-01, 307, 314, 449, 469-70; see
also Lassalleanism, Lassalleans;
Proudhonism, Proudhonists
— proletarian — 51
— vulgar —58, 80
— sentimental — 484-85
— eclectic — see Socialism, socialists
in France—eclectic socialism in the
1870s-80s
— petty-bourgeois socialism of Louis
Blanc —342, 354, 413, 429, 470
— pseudosocialism of Rodbertus —
101, 111, 126, 138, 156, 163, 188-
89, 194, 208, 211, 385
— and bourgeois political economy —
126, 163, 194
See also Communism in Germany (theories
and trends); Marxism; Ricardian
Socialists; Socialism in Germany;
Socialism, socialists in England; Socialism,
socialists in France; Socialism,
socialists in Russia; Socialism, Utopian;
Socialist movement, international; 'State
socialism'
Socialism in Germany—16, 79, 192, 296
See also Communism in Germany (theories
and trends)
Socialism, socialists in England—163,
194, 438
— dissemination of socialist ideas in
the late 19th century—115, 195
See also Social Democratic Federation;
Socialist League; Socialist movement in
England
Socialism, socialists in France — 211, 442
— eclectic socialism in the 1870s-
90s —342, 343, 356, 413, 414, 429,
469-70
See also Fourierism, Fourierisls; French
Workers' Party; Possibilism, Possibilists;
Proudhonism, Proudhonists; Socialism
(theories and trends) — petty-bourgeois
socialism of Louis Blanc
Socialism, socialists in Russia — 111, 158
See also Emancipation of Labour Group,
first Russian Marxist organisation; Narodism,
Narodniks in Russia
Socialism, Utopian—194, 413
See also Fourierism, Fourierists; Owenism,
Owenites; Saint-Simonism, Saint-Simonists
Socialist Labor Party of the United States
(from 1876)—415-16, 441, 491, 530
See also Socialist movement in the USA
Socialist league (England, from late
1884) —245, 248, 275, 320-21, 395,
431, 434, 443, 446, 450-51, 470, 492,
526, 529, 534
Socialist legislation — see Factory legislation
Socialist movement in England—54, 105,
367, 370, 395, 433-34, 437, 470, 492,
529-30
See also Social Democratic Federation;
Socialist League
Socialist movement in France
— during the Third Republic (from
1871) —112, 115, 149, 331, 333,
342, 343, 354, 412-14, 425, 429,
442, 444, 445, 449, 469, 470, 478,
488-89, 493, 507
— socialist faction in the National Assembly—
412-15, 418, 425, 429-31,
441, 442, 444, 469
— its theoretical level—141, 333,
342, 354, 507
See also French Workers' Party; Possibilism,
Possibilists; Socialism, socialists
in France; Working-class movement in
France
Socialist movement in the Netherlands — see
Working-class and socialist movement in
the Netherlands
Socialist movement in Russia — see Socialism,
socialists in Russia
Socialist movement in the USA — 44, 114,
197-98, 469, 491, 530-32
See also Socialist Labor Party of the United
States; Working-class movement in the
USA
Socialist movement, international (after
the First International)—98, 446,
470
See also International socialist and workers'
congresses and conferences; Party, proletarian;
Socialist movement (in different
countries); Working-class movement
Society — 85-86, 103, 156
Society, bourgeois — 85-86, 141, 156
See also Capitalist mode of production;
Exploitation of labour power by capital;
State, bourgeois
Society, primitive—103, 106, 133, 156
See also Communism, primitive; Community
(commune); Gens, gentile constitution
Song — 286-87, 433
— Marseillaise — 286, 287
State, the— 10, 74, 86, 343, 354
See also State, bourgeois
State, bourgeois— 10, 86, 241-42, 354
State property—K2, 241-42, 388-89
See also Nationalisation of land; 'State
socialism'
'State socialism'—82, 102-03
— Prussian —82, 102-03, 111, 140,
151, 189, 235, 348, 384, 417, 427
See also Lassalleanism, Lassalleans;
Socialism (theories and trends) —
pseudosocialism of Rodbertus
Statistics — 43, 184, 294, 336
Stock exchange — 56, 191, 270, 365
Strikes, strike movement—434, 507
Surplus value—16, 24-25, 163, 179-80,
181-82, 225
— in Ricardo's theory—166, 209-10
— in Rodbertus' theory— 163, 166,
209-10, 262
See also Land rent; Profit; Rate of surplus
value
T
Tactics of the proletarian class struggle —
96-97, 223, 279-80, 297, 541, 542
— during the parliamentary elections
and within parliament—140, 141-
42, 169, 223, 241, 242, 388, 389;
see also Parliament (in bourgeois
state)
— use of parliament by working-class
representatives
See also Class struggle; Communists,
communist movement; German Social
Democracy; Revolution, proletarian, socialist;
Socialist movement, international;
Working-class movement
Tenant, lease— 179-80, 239, 388
Terrorism — see Russia (Russian Empire)—
revolutionary terror of the Narodniks
Theory and practice—141, 158, 182-83,
202, 214, 279-80, 349, 378-79, 390,
393, 441, 464-65, 470, 491, 507, 530,
533, 541
See also Marxism
Trade (commerce) — 199-200, 234, 387,
428
See also World market
Trade unionism — 340-41, 450, 451
See also Reformism
Trade unions in England—54-55, 57, 82,
341-42, 364, 388, 450, 451
See also Working-class movement in England
Trade unions, trade-union movement
— and proletarian party — 242
— critique of the views of the reformist
trade-union leaders — 55, 57, 170,
341, 449-50, 451
See also Trade unions in England
Transitional period from capitalism to communism
(socialism) —10, 77, 119-20,
235, 242, 388-89, 503
See also Party, proletarian — after the
proletariat's coming to power
Treaty of San Stefano (1878) — see Russo-
Turkish war, 1877-78
'True socialism'— 37, 257-59, 300-01
Tsarism, autocracy in Russia — 281, 338,
452, 488, 509, 516
See also Emancipation of Labour group,
first Russian Marxist organisation; Narodism,
Narodniks in Russia
Turkey — 503-04, 505, 510, 513, 514, 515,
518
See also Oriental (Eastern) question,
the
U
Uneven development of capitalism — 259,
349
See also Economic crises
United Labor Party (USA) — 525
United States of America, the — 55, 73, 120,
259, 343, 391, 396, 465, 470, 491, 525,
533, 540
— development of capitalism — 259,
380, 395-97
Utopism—141, 176-77, 208, 344, 391-93
See also Communism, Utopian; Socialism,
Utopian
V
Value— 126, 157, 163, 180-81, 194
See also Money
Vulgar bourgeois political economy —
24-25, 166, 174, 181-84, 209-10, 224,
348, 389-90, 401, 452
W
Wages—180-81, 277, 365, 401, 429
— labourers in the cottage industry —
79, 82, 214, 233
— and working day — 225, 276-77,
450
— their reduction below the normal
level —81, 199-200
— and money — 365, 401
War (s) —485
— and politics — 517-18
— consequences of wars of conquest,
their influence on the economic
and social development — 354,
487, 488
— and revolution and revolutionary
movement —354, 363, 484, 487,
488, 509-10, 517-20
— and the working-class movement—
354, 363, 486-88, 509-10,
518-20
— threat of war in the last third of the
19th century —353, 363, 485-86,
517-20
See also Army; Austro-Prussian war,
.1866; Napoleonic wars; Russo-Turkish
war, 1877-78; Seven Tears' War, 1756-
63
Working class-W, 85, 119, 157, 259,
497
See also Agricultural workers; Class
struggle; Internationalism, proletarian;
Party, proletarian; Revolution, proletarian,
socialist; Working class (in different
countries); Working-class movement
(in different countries)
Working class in England—54-55, 343
— and its representatives in Parliament
and local government—300,
341, 364
See also Labour aristocracy; Socialist
movement in England; Trade unions in
England; Working-class movement in
England
Working class in France—140-41, 342
— during the Third Republic — 410,
425, 469-71
See also Paris Commune of 1871; Workingclass
movement in France
Working class in Germany — 53, 99, 211,
223, 234, 308
— in the 1880s — 53, 99, 199, 211,
•223, 308
— agricultural proletariat — see also
Agricultural workers
See also Working-class movement in Germany
Working class in Russia — 365
Working class in the USA— 441, 449
See also Working-class movement in the
USA
Working-class movement — 81, 225, 434-
35, 446, 497, 541-42
— its immediate and ultimate objectives—
119, 533
— stages of development — 450-51,
469-70
— and revolutionary theory — 214,
507, 541; see also Marxism
•— significance of workers' struggle for
electoral rights and of their parliamentary
activity — 53, 198, 210-
11, 213, 217, 341, 371, 417, 425,
441-42, 469-70, 542
— actions against wars, militarism
and annexations — 354, 363, 486-
88, 509, 518-20
— working-class movement in the
period between the disbandment of
the First and the founding of the
Second International — 354, 363,
507
See also Chartism, Chartist movement;
Class struggle; Ideological struggle in
the working-class movement; Party, proletarian;
Socialist movement (in different
countries); Strikes, strike movement; Tactics
of the proletarian class struggle;
Trade unions, trade-union movement; Working
class; Working-class movement (in
different countries)
Working-class movement in England
— in the 1870s-early 1880s—16, 54,
75, 82, 317
— in the late 1880s —403-04, 407-08,
492-93, 534
— and reformism—16, 54-55, 64,
300, 364
See also Chartism, Chartist movement; Labour
aristocracy; Reformism; Socialist
movement in England; Trade unions in
England
Working-class movement in France
— during the Third Republic (after
the Paris Commune of 1871) —
141-42, 149, 409, 413-15, 425, 429,
430, 441-42, 469-70, 478, 488-89,
493, 507
— strike movement—149, 409, 413,
425, 429, 430, 441-42, 469-70, 478,
488-89, 507
See also French Workers' Party; Paris
Commune of 1871; Socialist movement in
France
Working-class movement in Germany—150,
214, 234, 304, 532
— during the Anti-Socialist
Law—140, 199, 232, 311-12,
534
See also German Social Democracy
Working-class movement in the USA —
114, 441, 446, 449, 451, 464-66,
469-70, 491, 524-25, 530-33, 537-38,
541
See also Greenback Labor Party (USA);
Knights of Labor (USA); Socialist movement
in the USA; United Labor Party
(USA)
Working-class and socialist movement in the
Netherlands —6, 371-72
Working day—127-28, 216-17, 225, 276-
78, 449
See also Female labour
World market
— and competition — 23, 54-55, 79, 81-
82, 199-200, 204, 213, 214, 259, 349-
50, 390, 396-97, 402, 407-09, 428
See also Market; Monetary market





MECW VOL 48





Africa, 336,337-8, 348, 388, 390, 422
Afghanistan, 340
Alsace, 28, 133, 165, 170, 190-1, 457,
479, 510
Alliance of Socialist Democracy and the
International Working Men's
Association by Marx and Engels,
331
American Federation of Labor, 344
Anarchism, anarchists, 9, 177, 325, 335,
338, 365, 424, 481
—in Austria, 419
—in England, 13-4, 51, 53, 56, 57,
59, 70, 72, 73, 74, 83, 360, 394
—in Germany, 241
—in Italy, 144
See also Bakunism, Bakuninists
Argentine Republic, 6
Aristocracy, nobility in France, 168, 248,
266-7
Army, Austrian, 151, 382
Army, German, 124, 139, 151, 155, 160,
262, 274, 340, 382, 474
Army, French, 114, 124, 151, 155, 160,
236
Army, Italian, 151
Army, Russian, 46, 139, 151, 155, 160,
165, 340, 382, 457, 468
Australia, 377
Austria, 112-4, 133-4,452
—international relations, 10, 25, 36,
114, 134, 182,253,369
—working class and socialist movement,
129, 232, 317, 324, 325, 325,
344, 376, 419
Babouvism, Babouvists, 338
Bakunism, Bakuninists, 359
See also, Anarchism, anarchists
Bakuninists at Work, The, by Engels,
125, 126
Belgium—international relations, 4, 309
—working class and socialist movement,
56-7, 255, 273, 275, 278,
279-81, 282, 284, 286, 292, 294, 295,
296, 301, 302-3, 304, 305, 308, 309,
310-11, 324, 325, 333, 373, 412, 460
See also Congresses—Workers Party
of Belgium National Congress,
Jolimont 1889
Blanquism, Blanquists, 53, 139-40, 238,
245, 246, 252, 255, 260, 261, 273,
309, 369, 381-2, 397, 404
Blood and Thunder Patriots, preface by
Engels, 126, 142
Bonapartism, 138, 169, 175, 190, 197,
236, 238, 259, 261, 282, 368, 381-2,
396, 406, 473-4, 480
See also France—Boulangism
Bourgeoisie, 7, 130, 151, 473
Bourgeoisie in England, 396
Bourgeoisie in France, 21, 113, 124, 266-
8, 385, 386, 396, 457
Bourgeoisie in Germany, 107, 137, 140,
165, 249, 444, 452, 457, 474-5, 477
Bourgeoisie in Russia, 86
Bulgaria, Bulgarian language, 25, 58,
111
Canada, 211, 212, 213
Capital by Karl Marx, Vol. One, 3, 5,
12, 21, 26, 27, 32-3, 34-5, 36, 40, 83,
90, 115-6, 136-7, 227-8, 250, 349,
375, 378, 388, 392, 402, 409, 411,
418, 464, 506, 507, 520,
Capital by Karl Marx, Vol. Two, 180-1,
250, 299, 474
Capital by Karl Marx, Vol. Three, 126,
139, 150, 181, 220, 221, 228, 233,
235, 236, 237, 240, 248, 250, 257,
258, 263, 264, 290, 299, 314, 336,
337, 338, 347, 375, 378, 388, 391,
392, 395, 402, 464, 470-1, 476, 478
Capital by Karl Marx, Vol. Four, 258,
375
Chartism, Chartists, 33, 58, 61, 425
Communist League, 234, 473
Conservative Party, Conservative
government (England) (Tories), 79,
108,112,118,141,153,340,359,
377, 448-9, 490, 494
Condition of the Working Class in England
by Engels (US edition), 15, 50, 55,
60, 62, 66, 67, 68, 69, 72, 86, 101,
121-3, 150
Congresses, 9, 177,
—Congress of the Socialist Workers
Party of Germany, St Gallen 1887,
323, 335
—Hague International Congress of
Working Men, 1872, 335
—International Congress of Trade
Unions, London 1888, 177, 239, 246,
252, 255, 309, 328, 334
—International Socialist Conference,
The Hague, February 1889 (and
Hague resolutions), 265, 273, 278,
279-80, 281, 282, 285, 286, 290, 291,
292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 308,
311,324,333,349,356
—National Congress of French
labour Unions (Bordeaux) 1888,
245, 246, 319
—National Congress of French
Workers' Party, Troy es, December
1888, 239, 244, 246, 252, 317-8, 319
—National Possibilists' Congress
1887, 246
—National Possibilists' Congress
1888, 252
—Possibilists' Paris Congress 1889,
245-6, 252, 255-6, 264, 273, 275, 278-
9, 280, 284-6, 288-9, 291-3, 294, 295,
296, 300, 301-3, 304, 308, 309, 310-1,
315, 323, 324-5, 328, 330, 331, 334,
335, 338, 344, 345, 349-50, 353, 354,
355-6, 316, 403
—Socialists' Paris Congress 1889;
239, 244, 245-7, 252, 278-81, 282,
287-8, 288-9, 291-3, 294-5, 296, 300,
301-7, 307-9, 310-11, 313-4, 316-325,
326, 327-337, 338, 339, 341-3, 344-5,
348-51, 352-4, 355-6,358, 359, 362,
373, 375, 380-1, 383, 392, 403, 481,
502
—Workers Party of Belgium
National Congress, Jolimont 1889,
294, 307, 325, 333, 334
Crete, 340-1, 468
'Democratic Pan-Slavism' by Engels,
126
Denmark—working class and socialist
movement, 273, 275, 273, 275, 278,
279-81, 282, 284, 286, 292, 293, 294,
295, 296, 301, 302-3, 304, 305, 308,
309, 310-11, 324, 325, 333, 373, 412,
460
Eighteenth Brumaire, 14, 24, 40, 75
England (Great Britain), 421
—international relations, 10, 114,
253, 382, 445, 457, 468
—working class and socialist movement,
11, 13-4, 42, 51, 56, 59, 70, 73,
80-2, 93, 108, 141, 151, 152, 153,
157-8, 183, 252, 254, 275, 298, 307,
318, 333-4, 353, 354, 359-60, 369,
373, 385, 389, 403, 404, 417-8, 445,
448, 449, 470, 485-7, 488-91, 495-7,
502,518,519
—Dockworkers' strike, 364-5, 369,
377, 389, 412, 427, 490, 497
—East End movement, 11, 14, 41-2,
46-7, 51, 53, 56, 59, 61, 66, 87-8, 101,
157-8, 168, 364-5, 369, 377, 389, 412,
427, 490, 497
—Trafalgar Square demonstration
November 1887, 112, 113, 118, 120,
125, 141, 153, 157, 159, 162
—Silvertown strike 1889, 411-2, 420,
427, 437
See also Chartism; Fabian Society;
Labour Electoral Association; Liberal
Party; May Day; Social Democratic
Federation; Socialist League; Trade
unionism-
Eritrea, 464
Fabian Society, 449, 485, 518
Fictitious Splits in the International by
Marx and Engels, 331
Fourth estate, 269
France, 49, 65-6, 85, 107, 110-1, 113,
124-5, 138, 151, 170-1, 175-6, 222-3,
246, 259, 368, 385-6, 396-7, 479-80,
503
—Boulangism, Boulangists, 170-1,
185, 190, 197, 236, 238, 239, 243-4,
259, 313, 314, 328, 368, 369, 372,
381, 384, 385, 397, 399,402, 404, 406,
452-3, 479-80, 487, 496
—international relations, 4, 10-11,
21, 25, 36, 54, 92, 93, 114, 155, 160,
162, 165, 181-2, 253, 274, 283, 382,
467, 468
—Marxists, 244, 246, 247, 309, 312,
404
—monarchists, monarchism, 171,
175, 238, 372, 385, 396, 406, 453
—Radicals, 110, 124, 140, 197, 222,
397, 236, 238, 239, 246, 258, 264,
273, 288, 368, 385, 396, 406, 453
—working class and socialist movement,
12-3, 14, 41, 44, 53, 92, 93,
111, 115,140, 146, 150, 152, 185,
190, 238-9, 244-5, 246, 251-2, 255,
273, 278-9, 283, 284, 291, 295, 296,
300-1, 312-3, 321, 325, 341, 353, 354,
368-9, 373, 385, 397, 402-4, 408, 412,
419, 422, 427, 431-2, 445-6, 449, 479-
80, 481, 482-3, 487-8, 494, 498, 519
—and elections, 49, 52-3, 65, 238,
244-5, 252, 273, 345, 368-9, 371, 374,
377, 379-82, 383-4, 384-6, 388, 389,
397, 403-4
See also Congresses—National
Congress of French Labour Unions
(Bordeaux) 1888—National
Congress of French Workers' Party,
Troyes, December 1888—National
Possibilists' Congress 1887—
National Possibilists' Congress
1888—Possibilists' Paris Congress
1889—Socialists' Paris Congress
1889—French Revolution—
Opportunists—Paris Commune of
1871—Peasantry in France—
Possibilists/Possibilism—Workers'
Party of France
French Revolution, 168, 177, 248, 266-8,
269-71, 368, 414-5, 485, 503
Free trade, 172, 229, 421
Free Trade, speech on by Marx (preface
by Engels), 101, 123, 154, 172, 182-3,
184, 188,216,254
German Ideology, The, by Marx and
Engels,
Germany, 104, 111, 138, 140-1, 146,
151, 164-5, 171, 174-5, 177-8, 181,
222, 233, 273-4, 421-2, 423, 451-2,
456-7, 459, 462, 473-4, 476-7, 504,
508
—Anti-Socialist Law, 30, 61, 72, 79,
138, 146, 150, 154, 159, 249, 403,
423, 443-4, 448, 462, 465, 460, 474,
476, 477, 487, 491
—bourgeois revolution, 376
—conditions in the garment trade,
250
—elections (1887), 11, 14, 25, 27-8,
30-1, 36, 37, 39, 47
—elections (1890), 444, 445, 450-1,
453, 454-5, 456, 459, 474-5, 476-7,
487
—German Social Democracy, 107-8,
109, 246, 516, 519—See also
Congresses—Congress of the Socialist
Workers Party of Germany, St
Gallen 1887
—international relations, 10, 25, 36,
54, 104, 109, 114, 134, 155, 160, 162,
181-2,253,360,382,467,468
—working class and socialist movement,
8-9, 16-7, 27-8, 30-1, 36,
39-40, 51, 72, 138, 143, 152, 172-3,
252, 255, 273, 275, 280, 282, 283,
284, 285, 287, 288, 289, 295, 301,
321, 325,329, 338, 341, 344, 345, 349,
352, 353, 373, 380-1, 397, 403, 404,
419, 427, 443-4, 419, 427
—Elberfeld Trial, 419, 427, 443
—German socialists in Britain, 57-8,
63-4,115,120
—miners' strike, Barmen, 318, 340-1,
365, 377
—socialist movement in 1840s, 233-5,
399
—socialists and agricultural workers,
456, 459, 462, 474
See also Army, German; Bourgeoisie
in Germany; Communist League;
National Liberals; Peasantry in
Germany; Party of the Centre
(Germany); Party of Progress
(Germany)
Heligoland, 509-10
Holy Alliance, 133
Holy Family, The, by Marx and Engels,
142, 273
India, 507
International, First (International
Working Men's Association), 9, 14,
335, 424
International, Second, See Congresses—
International Socialist Conference,
The Hague, February 1889 (and
Hague resolutions) —Possibilists'
Paris Congress 1889—Socialists' Paris
Congress 1889—Workers' Party of
Belgium National Congress,
Jolimont 1889
See also May Day (1890)
Ireland, 79, 108, 130, 153, 155, 162, 359,
385, 418, 444, 486, 507
Italy, 7
—colonial policy, 464
—international relations, 7
—working class and socialist movement,
182
Knights of Labor (USA), 33, 344
Labour Electoral Association, 342, 449
'Labour Movement in America, The'
(preface to US edition of Condition of
the Working Class by Engels), 15, 50,
33, 62, 66, 67,69, 72, 100-1,123,272
Lassalleanism, Lassalleans, 129-30, 249,
287, 381, 383, 425, 446, 448
Law and Liberty League, 153
Liberal party (England), 42, 56, 112,
113, 153, 157, 158, 377, 457, 468,
490, 496
Manifesto of the Communist Party by
Marx and Engels, 32, 55, 75, 144,
145, 147, 149, 153, 158, 159, 424
Marxism, Marxists, 338, 354, 359, 369
See also France—Marxists
Mayday (1890), 360, 369, 419, 475, 481,
487, 488-91, 493-5, 496
Materialismus economical lui Karl Marx
de Lafargue, 24
Mineworkers, 353, 376, 419, 444, 447,
489
See also Germany—miners' strike,
Barmen
Mode of production, 267, 268
Monarchy, 266
National Liberals (Germany), 444, 452,
455
Netherlands, the—working class and
socialist movement, 255, 273, 284,
288, 294, 295, 301, 309, 325, 373,
460, 470
Nobility, aristocracy in Germany, 135-6
Nobility, landowners in Russia, 135-6
Norway, 503-5
—Engels' trip to Norway, summer 1890,
513-5,516-7,518,519
—working class and socialist movement,
295, 317, 325, 329
Once Again Herr Vogt by Engels, 125
Opportunists (France), 171, 222-3, 246,
289, 368, 385, 386, 388
Origin of the Family by Engels, 132,
471, 501
Paris Commune of 1871, 9, 252, 261
Party of the Centre (Germany), 28, 452,
455
Party of Progress (Germany), 28, 30, 75,
423, 444
Peasant's banks, 136
Peasantry in France, 21, 248, 266, 268,
269, 270, 350, 385
Peasantry in Germany, 455
Peasantry in Norway, 505
Peasantry in Russia, 49
Persia, 340
Plebeians, plebs (French Revolution),
167-8
Poland, 133, 134
—working class and socialist movement,
133, 134, 155
—international relations, 467
Political economy, 229, 230
Possibilism, Possibilists, 12-13, 14, 53,
140, 146, 177, 237-8, 239, 243-4, 245-
6, 251-2, 255, 262, 264, 269, 273,
274-5, 278-9, 280, 281, 282, 284, 285,
286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 292, 293,
294, 295, 296, 297-8, 302, 303, 307,
308, 309, 310-1, 313, 314, 315, 316,
318,321,446,449
See also Congresses—Possibilists'
Paris Congress 1889—National
Possibilists' Congress 1887—National
Possibilists' Congress 1888
Prostitution, 72
Proudhonism, Proudhonists, 9
Protection and free trade, by Marx,
preface by Engels, 154
Prussia, Prussians, 130, 134, 136, 146,
455, 456, 462, 474, 516
—Junkers, 249, 273
Prussian Military Question, The, by
Engels, 126
Rate of profit, 228-9
Refugee Literature by Engels, 125
Revelations Concerning the Communist
Trial in Cologne by Engels, 234
The Role of Force in History by Engels,
149
Romania, Romanian language, 24-5,
132, 134, 185, 295
Russia, 58, 111, 155, 133-4, 135, 375,
407, 467-8, 504, 506
—Narodism, Narodniks, 467
—Nihilists, 46, 49, 58, 130
—revolutionary movement, 41, 45,
46, 49, 51, 58, 331, 407, 468, 482
—international relations, 10-11, 36,
41, 93, 104, 114, 133, 155, 160, 162,
165, 182, 253, 274, 283, 309-10, 340,
360-1, 372, 382, 445, 457, 467-8
—Pan-slavism, Slavophiles, 46, 114,
146, 325, 340
See also Peasantry in Russia
Sansculottism, 267
Salvation Army, 130, 167
Sanskrit, 169-70
Scotland, 507
Serbia, 340, 360
Social Democratic Federation (England),
33, 49, 56, 59, 66, 70, 88, 125, 176-7,
246, 252, 275, 291, 292-3, 295, 311,
328, 330, 334, 335, 342, 343, 345,
349, 353, 354, 356, 360, 376, 377,
389,487,489,490,491,494
Social Relations in Russia by Engels,
125
Socialist Labor Party of North America,
33,90-1,102,104,172,203,417
—dispute with Aveling, 15-20, 21-3,
24, 28-9, 30, 32, 37-9, 43-4, 45-6, 48,
50, 53, 56, 59, 60, 62, 65, 70-1, 82-3,
102, 172-3, 362, 387
See also United States of America,
the—socialist and working class
movement
Socialist League (England), 13-14, 51,
53, 56, 59, 66, 67, 70, 72, 73, 82, 87,
176-7, 275, 308, 321, 360, 486-7, 489
Socialist movement in England,
See England—socialist and working
class movement
See also Fabian Society—Labour
Electoral Association—Social
Democratic Federation—Socialist
League—Trade unionism
Socialist movement in France,
See France—socialist and working
class movement
See also Congresses—National
Congress of French Labour Unions
(Bordeaux) 1888—National
Congress of French Workers' Party,
Troyes, December 1888—National
Possibilists' Congress 1887—
National Possibilists' Congress
1888—Possibilists' Paris Congress
1889—Socialists' Paris Congress
1889—Opportunists; Paris
Commune of 1871—Possibilism,
Possibilists—Workers' Party of
France
Socialist movement in the USA,
See United States of America—
socialist and working class movement
See also American Federation of
Labor—Socialist Labor Party of
North America— Knights of Labor
Spain, 4
—socialist and working class movement,
292
Surplus value, 228
Sweden—socialist and working class
movement, 295, 317, 325, 329
Switzerland, 46, 59, 130, 179, 355
—socialist and working class movement,
46, 275, 278, 279-80, 294, 311,
325, 333, 373, 460,
Sweating system, 277
Tactics of socialist labour parties, 423-5
Theory of Force by Engels, 126, 142,
144-6, 148, 149, 163
Tkachov's Letter by Engels, 125
Trade unions, trade union movement, 9,
81, 104, 108, 177, 246, 273, 291, 292,
295, 311, 324, 331, 333, 334, 338,
342, 344, 353, 354, 356, 360, 365,
377, 389, 417, 422, 437, 448, 486,
489-91, 494, 496
—new unionism, 417-8, 422, 427,
447, 485, 488-9, 494, 496, 518
—women in trade unions, 417, 427,
436-7
See also Congresses—International
Congress of Trade Unions, London
1888
Turkey, 114, 445
United States of America, the, 3, 4, 5, 6,
139, 431, 447-8,
—Engels' comments on US economy
and society, 211, 213, 221, 272
—Engels' trip to US summer 1888,
195, 201-2, 203, 204-19, 221, 253, 254
—socialist and working class movement,
4, 8-9, 15-16, 32, 33, 47, 51, 55,
56, 61, 84, 91, 101, 102, 103-4, 121,
130, 141, 152, 153, 157, 249-50, 293,
294, 295, 325, 403, 417, 437-8, 446-8
—wages in American cotton industry,
229-30
See also American Federation of Labor;
Knights of Labor (USA), Socialist
Labor Party of North America
Wage Labour and Capital, 464
War threat in the latter half of the 19th
century, 10-11, 25, 36, 92, 104, 114,
134, 138-9, 147, 150-1, 155, 161, 162,
163, 181-2, 190, 238, 253, 259, 261-2,
274, 283, 309-10, 340, 369, 377, 382,
418,445
Weitlingianism, 233-5
Women's campaigns, women's movement,
22, 252, 503
Workers' Party of France, 402-3, 406-7,
410
See also Congresses—National
Congress of French Workers' Party,
Troyes, December 1888—Socialists'
Paris Congress 1889






MECW 49






Abstraction, abstract and concrete—63, 287,
550
Africa — 58
Agitation—14, 117
Agrarian revolution — 538
Agricultural labourers — 19, 443-44
Agriculture—19, 26, 225-26, 257, 294,
279-80, 344, 382-85, 440-41
Allemanists—see Socialist movement in
France
Alliances and agreements in the revolutionary
struggle of the proletariat—281
Alsace—218, 270
American Federation of Labor—74, 113-14,
328, 557-58
Anarchism, anarchists—233, 234, 238
Anarchy of production — 58-60, 152
Anti-Semitism — 244, 309, 476
Armchair socialism — 552
Arming of the people — 258, 535
Army— 175, 245, 258, 259, 308
— French—191, 246, 295, 477-78
— German—182, 191, 245-46, 258,
259, 346, 348, 478
— Russian —242-43, 308
Artillery — 535
Arts
— painting—89
Atheism — 61-63
Austria — 35, 503
Austria-Hungary (from 1867) —206-07,
441, 513
Austrian Social-Democracy—117, 206-07,
248, 250, 252, 299
Authority — 23
Autonomy, national—513
B
Bankruptcy — 309, 328
Banks — 58-59, 93, 295-96, 303, 308, 309
— on the analysis of banking in Marx's
Capital—314
Basis and superstructure — 7-8, 34-36, 59-
63, 152-53, 549-51
Being — 286
Belgium—168
Belletrists — 45
See also Literature
Berlin — 9, 22
Blanquism, Blanquists—520, 524, 533,
544, 547
Bonapartism — 344
Bourgeois political economy — 526
Bourgeoisie — 54, 513
— American—175, 257, 327, 393
— French —218, 228, 270, 285, 292,
400, 477
— German —236, 342, 362-63, 364,
504
— Russian —235, 243-44, 257, 266,
270, 279, 285, 384, 444, 538
Bulgaria — 162
C
'Capital' by Karl Marx— 141, 159
'Capital', Volume One—36, 74, 75, 114,
146-47, 337
'Capital', Volume Two—HI, 159
'Capital', Volume Three—94, 144, 184,
196, 210, 212, 231, 241, 280, 314, 322,
329, 349-51, 365, 368, 385, 396, 448,
525
'Capital', Volume IV—90
Capitalist—128
Capitalist mode of production — 58-59, 278-
79, 536-38
Categories— 286-87, 351
Causality — 34-35, 58, 60-63, 536-37
Centre, the (from 1870, Germany)—363
Chauvinism — 246, 292
Chemistry— 19, 88, 461, 470, 485
Child labour— 315, 444, 536
China — 538
Christianity—124, 501
Church — 320, 330
Clan— 194
Class(es) — 34-35, 152-53, 240
Class struggle— 34, 234, 493-94, 515
Code civil—61
Commodity—141, 287
Communism (social formation), communist
transformation of society—7-8, 18-19, 26,
63, 152-53, 210, 212, 239-40, 270-72,
294, 315, 330, 443
Communism, scientific—7-8, 18, 63-64
Community — 22, 384, 440, 443-44
Community, Russian — 279, 384, 440, 443-
44
Comparison — 200
Competition — 441, 513, 537, 538
Conquest—58, 60
Consciousness— 19, 34-36, 61, 152-53, 351
Conservative Party (Great Britain) — 181,
262, 375, 449, 459-60, 467-69, 475
Content and form — 34-35, 286
Contradiction — 61, 141, 280, 537
Cooperation —18-19
Corruption — 327
Crafts, craftsmen — 240
Credit — 58-59, 212, 314, 526
Crimean war, 1853-56—536
Criticism— 118, 133-35, 213
— in proletarian party, its selfcriticism—
10-12, 14, 118, 131,
133-35, 166, 180-82, 205, 516
See also German Social-
Democracy — Gotha Programme, its criticism
by Marx and Engels; German Social-
Democracy— Erfurt Congress, criticism
of its 1891 draft programme by
Engels
Cult— 180-81, 204, 254, 316
Czechs—513
D
Definition —141
Democracy, bourgeois (state and political
system)—262, 516
Democratic Party (USA)—327
Despotism — 152
Development— 7-8, 35, 57-63, 171, 181,
186, 272, 287, 351-52, 383, 440, 442,
469, 515, 537, 550
Dialectics — 63, 286-87
Dictatorship of the proletariat—18-19, 63,
153, 245, 270-72, 293-94, 315
Dictatorship, revolutionary-democratic—258
Diplomacy — 308
Discipline (within a proletarian party) —
174, 182, 516
Discussion— 11, 158, 181, 480
Distribution—7-8, 141, 550
Dividends — 353
Division of labour — 58-62
Dogmatism—186, 197, 493-94
Domestic industry — 444, 537, 538
E
Economic crises—58, 127, 152, 235, 247,
279, 309, 373-74, 513
Economic laws — 35-36, 351
Economic relations—60-61, 280
Economic struggle of workers — 63, 239
Economy and politics—34-36, 59-60, 61,
62-64, 327, 550-51
Electricity — 535
Emigration— 156-57, 169, 392-93, 428-29,
527, 538, 557-58
Empirism — 286
England (Great Britain)— 127, 162, 173,
262, 278, 331, 394, 396, 380, 441-42,
443, 449, 459-60, 463, 467-71, 475,
477, 482-83, 513, 516, 536
— radical clubs—371, 380, 386, 403
— and Russia —225, 243, 375, 501,
511
English philosophy — 62, 286
Equal rate of profit—349-51
Essence and being—287
Estates — 19
Europe — 279
— prospects of revolution and threat of
war —83, 244, 258-59, 266, 270-71
Exchange value—320
Exploitation—152
F
Fabian Society, Fabians—75, 113, 342,
403-04, 449, 468, 493, 494, 497, 502-
03, 515, 526, 563
Factory legislation — 63, 151, 167, 233,
250, 315, 374, 403, 494-95, 497, 501,
503, 508, 513, 519, 522-23, 529, 531,
534, 561
Female labour—315, 444, 536
Fertility of soil—442
Feudalism — 550-51
Feuerbach, Feuerbachianism— 63
Force (violence)—63
Forecast, prediction—152, 153, 235, 271-
72, 277-78, 285, 373-74
Foreign trade—58, 441
France— 74, 83, 116, 262, 270, 281-82,
288-95, 297-98, 331, 367, 381-82, 399-
400
— foreign policy— 102, 218, 228, 288-
93, 298, 308, 361, 472
— and Russia —92, 102, 228, 246,
270-71, 289-92, 295, 298, 308, 361,
472
Franco-Prussian war, 1870-71 — 218, 294,
301-03, 307
Franco-Russian union of 1891-93—92, 102,
243, 266, 270, 291, 361, 444, 472, 477
Freedom— 153, 181, 240, 262
Freedom of trade— 114, 373, 441-42
French philosophy—62
French Revolution (18th cent.)—271, 331
French Workers' Party
— Guesdists' struggle against the Possibilists
—96, 117, 162-64, 167, 401,
402
— Guesdists after the 1882 party split
in St Etienne—117, 162-64, 167,
232, 370, 381, 399-400, 424
— party congresses — 46, 78, 508, 534
— the press—164, 269-70, 370, 424,
427, 428, 477, 508
— participation in the electoral struggle—
215, 251, 253-55, 266, 269,
270, 274-75, 281, 288-89, 291, 297,
306, 392, 413, 420-24, 508
— parliamentary activities — 255, 281-
82, 298, 320, 370, 421-22, 424
— stand in connection with the growing
threat of a European war —
244, 270-71
— and bourgeois parties — 281-82
— police and legal prosecution — 215,
251, 254, 275, 281, 289, 291, 292,
297-98
See also Socialist movement in France
Frontiers — 270
G
Genf—194-95
Geographical discoveries
— America — 58
German Empire (after 1871)— 228-29,
235-36, 244, 261, 263, 269, 271, 344,
373, 374, 423-24
— Anti-Socialist Law—182, 344, 363
— policy towards the working-class
movement after the repeal of the
Anti-Socialist Law—121, 363-64
— prospects of the revolution in the
1890s —83, 229, 235-36, 246, 247,
258, 266-67, 271, 327
— and France —206-07, 218, 270-71
— and Russia —307-08, 327, 374-75
German Freethinkers' Party (1884-93) — 189
German Party of Progress (1861-84)-237,
294
German People's Party (1865) —119, 180,
268
German philosophy—62-63, 286
German Social-Democracy — 9, 13-14, 23,
46-47, 116, 131, 174, 181-82, 226-28,
244-45, 246, 300, 327, 512, 513, 514-
15, 544, 549
— Gotha Congress (1875) and formation
of the united Socialist Workers'
Party —54, 97-98, 117, 119, 161-62,
164, 168, 179-80, 181-82
— Gotha Programme, its criticism by
Marx and Engels —97, 119, 123,
126, 129, 130, 178-80
— in the Anti-Socialist Law period
(1878-90), its policy and tactics —
8-12, 14, 19, 55, 119, 130, 135,
171, 180, 182, 254, 516, 549
— Congress in St. Gallen (1887) —
196, 247
— after the repeal of the Anti-Socialist
Law, its policy and tactics — 53-55,
73-74,83, 116, 135, 181-83,225,241,
246-47, 266, 267-68, 273, 276, 277,
282, 287, 293-94, 298-300, 309, 351,
362, 363-64, 365, 373, 480, 512-14,
516-17, 526-27, 544
— Congress in Halle (1890) —11, 13,
22, 24, 29, 40, 46, 52, 53, 55, 73,
107, 134
— Erfurt Congress, criticism of its 1891
draft programme by Engels— 209-
10,214, 239-41,246-47,255-56,261-
63, 265-66, 267, 273, 276, 277, 282,
287, 298, 315, 351, 526
— Berlin Congress (1892)— 523-24
— and celebration of May 1 —
115-16, 121-22, 127-28, 138-39, 140,
190
— the 'Jungen', half-anarchist
group — 8 , 11, 14, 20, 21-22, 25,
26, 64, 266, 267, 273, 276, 277, 282,
287, 300, 351, 526
— right reformist wing and struggle
against it —53-56, 73-74, 209-11,
219, 246, 265-66, 267-68, 273, 282,
293-94,298,315,480,496-97,512-13,
516, 544
— struggle against reformists in connection
with the publication of Marx's
Critique of the Gotha Programme and
Lassalle's works—103, 107-08, 118-
19, 123, 126, 129-31, 133-38, 143,
146, 150, 158, 166, 176, 179-81, 203-
05,210,247,253-54,266,287,316,502
— participation in the electoral struggle—
47, 226, 229, 300
— parliamentary activities, parliamentary
group—14, 54-56, 73-74,
115,130,135,182,308,312,361,365,
372-73, 386, 512
— the press and publishing activities—
135, 181, 210, 375, 452
— scientific and theoretical activities—
181, 445
— and trade unions and strikes— 116,
122, 127-28, 174, 182, 269, 437-
38, 446, 524
— and peasantry and agrarian question—
19, 226, 228-29, 294, 509
— and bourgeois intellectuals — 8-9,
11, 14, 22, 26-27, 266, 272, 294-95,
309
— and youth and student movement—
8-9, 20, 21-22, 25, 266,
267, 276, 277, 295, 300, 351, 526-27
— and women's movement — 248, 252
— and national question — 513-14
— struggle against anti-Semitism—
309
— and army —229, 244-45, 258, 346,
348
— position with regard to the threat of
war in Europe — 244-45, 255-59,
266, 270-71, 327
— and prospects of revolution in Germany—
246, 247, 258, 271-72, 327
— and socialist parties of other countries—
24, 49, 74, 269, 270, 301-
07,311,503
— its role in the international socialist
movement — 46-47
German Workers' Society in London — 237,
269, 294, 310, 313, 333, 335, 345, 381,
497, 527
German Workers' Society in Brussels (from
1847) —114
Germany—18-19, 58, 134-35, 262, 301,
513
— industry—127-28, 262, 278, 279,
374, 383, 441, 442, 444, 513,
536-37
— agriculture and agrarian relations—
19, 442
— foreign trade —225, 258, 309, 383,
441, 513
— and France — 218
Gold and silver—58, 114, 150
Gotha Programme — see German Social-
Democracy — Gotha Programme, its criticism
by Marx and Engels
Ground (category of Hegel's philosophy)—
287, 351
H
Hegel, Hegelianism — 62-63, 213, 286-
87, 351, 549-50
Historical materialism, materialist interpretation
of history — 7-9, 34-36, 57-64,
549-50
— Engels' letters on historical materialism—
7-9, 34-36, 57-64
— term 'materialist interpretation of
history' — 7 , 34, 387
— as theory of history — 213
— as a method of investigation — 7-8,
387
— and historical science—7, 8, 36,
387
— and military science — 535
— its historical prerequisites and theoretical
sources — 549-52
— Marx and Engels as its founders —
525-26
— its history —36, 63, 387, 526, 549
Historical school of law — 549-51
Historiography—7, 23, 62-63, 201-02, 213,
342, 501, 526
— formation and development of the
Marxist historiography — 299, 342,
368, 376, 387, 406, 446-47
History — 35-36, 62-63
History (as a science) —• 7-8
See also Historiography; Historical materialism,
materialist interpretation of history
I
Idealism — 7-8
Ideas— 197, 234
Ideology— 7, 61-62
Immigration — 393, 428-29
Impoverishment of the working class — 152
Income (yield)— 239, 353
Independent Labour Party (Great Britain,
1893) —460, 463, 468, 471, 475, 480,
515, 542, 545.46
India — 58, 441
Individual— 35-36
Industrial reserve army—152, 373-74, 392-
93, 443-44, 536-38
Industry (branches)
— mechanical engineering—383, 535
— textile —278, 535-37
— war — 535
Intellectuals, the— 19, 272, 294
Interconnection — 35
Interests—58, 59, 362
International Congress of trade unions in London
(1888) — 43
International, First (International Working
Men's Association) —180, 234,
301-03, 503
— Hague Congress (1872)—234, 238
International meeting of socialists in
Halle (1890)—24, 29, 40, 46, 52, 53,
57, 74, 98
Internationad, Second— 233-34
— German Congress (1889) of the re
volutionary socialists, its importance
and decisions —24, 26, 28, 46, 74, 98,
122, 127, 139, 140, 483
— Paris Congress (1889) of Possibilists
—28, 43, 46, 74, 97
— Brussels Congress (1891), its preparation
and decisions — 23-24, 26,
54-55, 40, 42-43, 46-49, 52-53, 57,
74,98, 114, 155, 164, 171,211,214,
221-24, 226, 229-30, 232-34, 236-38,
250
— Zurich Congress (1893), itsprepara-
. tion — 495, 496-97, 505-06, 509,
519-20, 522-24, 529-31, 534, 542,
545-46, 548
Internationalism, proletarian — 206-07,
210-11
International solidarity of workers—162,
225, 312
Inventions — 278, 535
Ireland— 128, 444, 468
Irony of history — 469
Italy — 441
J
Japan— 192
Jews —im
Joint-stock societies—18, 59, 362
Judaism —124
Junkers, Prussian—19, 344
K
Kant, Kantianism — 62, 286
'Knights of Labor' (USA) — 264
L
Labour power— 138
Land— 19, 26
Landed property—19, 26, 152, 279, 294,
384, 440, 443, 444, 538
Language— 111, 160, 195
Large-scale industry—19, 58, 152-53,
278-79, 382-84, 440-42, 535-38
Lassalleanism, Lassalleans—103-04,
129, 130, 134-35, 164-65, 179-81, 203-
05, 253-54, 261-62, 273, 316, 331, 423
Law of unity and struggle of opposites—
286-87
Law(s) — 36, 34-35, 60, 63, 331, 441-42
Lawyers — 60, 61
Lease, tenants — 443
Legislation — 61, 63
Liberal Parly (England) —262, 449, 459-
61, 463, 467-68, 471, 475, 516
Literature—175
— English — 515
— French—174, 202, 354, 501, 549
— German — 63
— Italian — 44
— Russian —280
Lockout— 116, 127, 138
Logic— 286
London — 9, 20
Lorrain— 270
Lutheranism — 342
M
Machines (machinery) —153, 278, 383,
441-42, 535-37
Market— 243, 257, 278-80, 383-84, 440-
41, 513, 535-38
Marriage and family —22, 33-35, 36, 194-
95, 201-02
Marxism — 209, 238, 484, 493-94
— Marxists — 7 , 47, 52, 98, 167, 224,
232, 496, 505, 508
Material, the—7, 243
Materialism — 1, 8, 36, 59, 61-63
See also Dialectics; English philosophy;
Historical materialism, materialist interpretation
of history; Material, the
May 1
— and the Second International —
121, 127, 138-40, 501
— in Austria—117, 183, 420
— in England —26, 117, 121, 127-28,
138-40, 150, 155, 167, 183, 185-
86, 190, 370, 380-81, 386-87,402-03,
411-13, 493-94
— in France —47, 117, 138-40, 155,
164, 167, 171, 183, 189-90, 193, 293,
297, 370, 392, 400, 420
— in Germany—115-16, 121-22, 127,
138, 140-41, 183, 187
— in the USA—117
Means of production—18, 26, 59, 239-40,
272
Medieval craft fraternity — 550
Metaphysics—S3, 286
Militarism — 535
Military science — 242, 535
Military training—245
Mode of life— 145
Mode of production—153, 384
Monarchy, absolute — 62, 362, 550
Money — 58-59, 114, 526
Money economy — 383, 443
Morality — 63, 78, 104-05, 181, 240,
451-52, 456-57, 462
Motion— 35
N
Napoleonic wars — 243, 263, 476
Nationalisation of land—19, 26, 152, 294
National-Liberals (Germany, from
1866) —361-63, 371, 373, 504
National question — 218, 245, 270, 393,
513-14
Natural sciences—192, 217
Nature— 287
Navy — 27, 214, 246, 285, 313, 553
Necessary labour—278
Necessity and chance—56, 383, 442, 535-36
Needs—59, 62
Nobility, aristocracy, German — 362
Nobility, landowners, Russian — 243, 244,
279, 384, 444, 538
Norway— 10
Notion — 61, 287, 351
Novel (literary genre) — 64, 174
O
Opportunism (in the socialist movement),
struggle against if—211, 480, 515
Opposite (contradiction)—63, 213, 240,
286
See also Law of unity and struggle of opposites
Organisation of social labour and production
— 18
Oriental question — 225, 228
Ownership — 18
P
Pan-Slavism — 243
Paris Commune, 1871— 330
Parliament, British — 262, 463, 467-69,
475-76
See also England (Great Britain)
Party, political—327
Party, proletarian
— nature, tasks, leading role of—9,
206-07
— organisation of proletariat into an
independent political party as a
necessary condition of its emancipation—
246, 514-15
— significance of a revolutionary
theory for party's practical activities
— 181 ; see also Communism, scientific
— demand of abolition of private
property and socialisation of the
means of production — 26, 281
— its internationalism — 25-26
— organisational principles—13, 14,
544
— inner-party democracy — 11, 13-14,
131, 135, 166, 181, 516
— criticism and self-criticism— 11, 14,
118, 131, 133-35, 166, 180-82, 205,
516
— party discipline—11,14,174,182,516
— significance of ideological and organisational
unity —96-99, 117, 179,
281-82, 293-94
— theoretical discussions — 11, 158,
181, 480
— inner-party struggle—11, 14, 26,
97
— struggle against reformism and opportunism—
26-27,210-11,480,515
— struggle against sectarianism and
dogmatism—186, 493-94
— struggle against anarchists within
the party—11, 14, 26-27
— tactics of—117, 161-63, 167, 215,
232, 281-82, 480, 508, 512-13,
514-15
— parliamentary tactics—182, 281-
82, 361, 508, 515
— and masses — 9
— and peasantry—19, 294
— and intelligentsia—19, 272, 294-95
— and propagandist activities in the
army — 348
— money of—13-14
— agitation — 36, 360
— significance of the press and publishing
activities— 181, 360, 375-76
— struggle against threat of war, for
peace —245-46, 257-58
— after proletariat's gaining political
supremacy—18-19, 258-59
See also Marxism
Peasantry— 19, 243, 384, 443-44, 537
— in Germany —6, 19, 279, 294, 444
— in Russia —243, 279, 384-85, 443,
536-38
Petersburg — 235
Petty bourgeoisie in England—467-68, 475
Philistinism— 10, 202, 344, 368, 460, 512
Philosophy — 7, 8, 34-35, 61-63, 213, 287,
351
Physiology— 192
Poetry — 280
Political struggle — 34, 60, 240, 471
Politics —8, 34-35, 57-64, 442
Positive and negative—286, 351
Possibilism, Possibilists — 23, 46, 49, 53,
96, 139, 140, 156, 164, 167, 183, 211,
221, 274, 279, 280, 284, 291, 292, 360,
367, 370, 381, 401, 402, 423, 520
See also French Workers' Party; Socialist
movement in France
Premises — 35, 60, 62
Press, the —il, 103, 129, 262, 375-76
Principles—60, 61
Private ownership—18-19, 239-40
Production — 7-8, 18, 34-35, 58-60
Profit— 278, 322
Progress—440
Protectionism — 279, 383, 441-42, 513,
536-37
Protestantism — 342
Proudhonism, Proudhonists — 281, 480
Prussia —6, 19, 35, 263, 344-45, 387, 452
Purpose and means—442
R
Radicalism, Radicals—116, 281
Railways — 59, 535, 538
Rate of surplus value, of profit—349-50
Reality—34•, 63, 287
Reflection — 34, 57, 60, 61, 63, 287
Reform — 374
Reformation in Germany — 35, 342
Reformism, struggle against — 209-10,
238, 524
— See also Lassalleanism, Lassalleans;
Opportunism; Possibilism, Possibilists;
Trades unionism
Relativity—63
Religion — 8, 34-35, 61-62, 63, 200
See also Atheism; Christianity; Church;
Judaism; Lutheranism; Protestantism
Rentier—353
Republic, bourgeois — 262, 550
Republican Party (USA) —327
Revolutionary phrase-mongering — 8, 234
Revolution (general description) — 61,
152, 191
Revolution, economic—153
Revolution of 1848 in France. Second Republic—
292, 516
Revolution, proletarian, socialist—19,
26, 152, 243, 245, 261, 271
Rural day labourers — 294
Russia — 22-23, 102, 124, 225-26, 228-
29, 230, 234-35, 242-45, 256-57, 266,
270, 278-80, 289-92, 295, 296, 298,
303, 307-08, 343-44, 361, 374-75, 382-
84, 390, 440-45, 473, 477, 501, 511,
535-38
— Engels and Russian revolution
aries — 84,235,317,370,411,539-40
— Engels and Russian men of science
and culture —22, 124, 228, 230-31,
278-80, 382-85, 440-44, 528, 535-38,
552
S
School-teachers— 19, 272
Science— 62, 135, 181, 199, 202, 453,
485
Sectarianism— 186, 197, 493, 516
Social Democratic Federation (England,
1884)
— turning of Marxian theory into
dogma by its leaders—186, 494
— criticism of its sectarianism —
123, 126-27, 155, 167, 185-86, 333,
335-36, 380-81, 387, 402-03,448-49,
493-94, 515-16
— Left wing of—123, 126, 186, 335,
515, 524, 529, 557, 540
— and the Second International and
international socialist movement —
224, 255-56, 257
See also Socialist movement in England
Social formation, social-economic formation
— 8
Socialisation of the means of production—
26, 240, 281
Socialism (first stage of communist society)—
7-8, 18
Socialism, scientific — 453
Socialism, socialists, in England—516
See also Fabian Society, Fabians; Social
Democratic Federation
Socialism, socialists, in France—282
Socialism (theories and trends)—516
Socialist movement in England—151,
155, 167, 309, 386-87, 519
— and the Second International —
224, 226, 233, 234
See also Fabian Society, Fabians; Independent
Labour Party; Social Democratic
Federation
Socialist movement in France — 46, 52-
54, 96-98, 116, 117, 138-39, 162-64,
167-68, 183, 215, 229, 282, 288-89,
367, 370, 381, 399-401, 424
See also French Workers' Party; Possibilism,
Possibilists; Working-class
movement in France
Socialist movement, international—114,
161-62, 229, 234, 272, 515
See also International, Second; Party,
proletarian, Socialist movement (in different
countries); Working-class movement
Social system — 7, 18
Society— 7, 18, 212, 287, 362, 550-51
— bourgeois—18, 271, 362, 384
— feudal —550, 551
— primitive—194-95, 202
Spain — 441
Speculation (money, stock market)—59,
83, 327
State, the — 34-35, 59-60, 63, 320, 330,
363, 550-51
State power— 34, 59-60, 63
State property—152-53
'State socialism'—121, 152-53, 480,
517
Stock Exchange — 58, 59, 83
Strikes, strike movement—162, 174,
182, 225, 312
Subsistence economy — 383
Suffrage— 153, 288
Surplus value — 349-50
System — 236, 351-52
T
Tactics of the class struggle of the proletariat—
327, 480, 512, 515
See also Class struggle; German Social-
Democracy; Socialist movement,
international; Working-class movement
Taxes, taxation—138, 353
Theory and practice — 35-36, 186, 484
Thinking, thought — 62-63
Tories (England)—459, 460
Trade — 58-60, 309
Trade unionism (theories) — 114, 524
Trades unions, trades union movement —
43, 152, 168, 171, 238, 438, 446, 524
See also Economic struggle of workers;
Trades unions in England
Trades unions in England—152, 238,
386-87, 449, 460, 508, 533-34, 548
— struggle for factory legislation —
26, 150-51, 167, 233, 238, 250,
403, 438, 494, 497, 508, 520, 530-31,
534, 560
— London Trades Council—150,
155, 167, 309, 380, 386-87, 402-03,
560
— trades unions' congresses, their decisions—
23, 26, 46, 167, 185, 233,
238, 250, 416, 494, 497, 505, 508,
519, 522-23, 528, 530, 531, 534, 548
— decision to nationalise means of
production — 26
— Parliamentary Committee — 497,
520, 522, 529
— new unionism —26, 127-28, 138,
167, 225, 468, 471, 520-21, 523,
524, 546-47, 560-61
— Union of Gas Workers and General
Labourers—128, 138, 167,
191,197,198,219,225,226,300,313,
367, 403, 435, 436-37, 557-58, 561
— international working-class movement
and the Second International—
23, 26, 46, 226, 233, 257, 496-
97, 505-06, 519-24, 528-31, 533-34,
545-46, 548
See also Working-class movement in
Great Britain
Traditions — 54
Transitional period from capitalism to
communism (socialism) —18-19, 63,
153, 212, 270-71, 294, 330-31, 442-43
See also Dictatorship of the proletariat
Tribe(s) — 194
Trusts — 213
Tsarism (in Russia)—84, 472
U
Uneven development of capitalism —
338-39, 513
United States of America, the—10, 327,
392, 393
— immigration, its role — 327-28,
392-93
— development of capitalism —
278-79
— industrial revolution — 536
— industry —327, 513
— railways — 59
— protectionism —278, 393, 441, 513
Usury, usurers — 279
V
Value— 141
Voluntarism — 190-91
Vulgar bourgeois political economy — 58,
141, 328, 526
W
Wage labour—180
Wages— 103, 151-52, 279, 374, 393, 428,
538
War(s) — 243-44, 256-57, 535
— and revolution and revolutionary
movement —226, 243-46, 258, 266-
67, 270-72, 327
— threat of war—162, 182, 225, 228,
230, 242-46, 256-59, 266, 270,
285, 290, 294>-95, 327, 473
See also Army; Art of war; Conquest
Wars of the First French Republic—267,
271
Will—35-36
Women's question and women's movement—
211, 248, 250, 252, 277, 328, 331
Worker (as an agent of production) —
152-53
Working class—152-53, 186, 218, 240,
243, 270-71, 513
See also Party, proletarian; Revolution,
proletarian, socialist; Worker; Workingclass
movement
Working class in England—444, 449,
460, 461, 463, 467-68, 471, 475, 482,
513, 520
See also Socialist movement in England;
Working-class movement in Great Britain
Working class in Germany—18-19, 293-
94, 443-44
See also Working-class movement in Germany
Working class in Russia — 243, 384, 536-
37
Working class in the USA — 264-65, 327,
392-93
See also Working-class movement in the
USA
Working-class movement—152, 513
— importance of workers' struggle for
suffrage and of their parliamentary
activities — 47, 153,288-89,423,508
— and struggle against national oppression—
218, 245, 271, 513
— actions against wars, militarism and
annexations —244-46, 257-59, 270-
72, 327
— in the years of the Second International—
52-54,82-83, 114,229,234,
327
See also Class struggle; International,
Second; International solidarity of workers;
May 1; Party, proletarian; Socialist
movement (in different countries);
Strikes, strike movement; Tactics of the class
struggle of the proletariat; Trades unions,
trades union movement; Working-class
movement (in different countries)
Working-class movement in France — 46, 52,
168, 215, 269, 534, 546, 548, 561
See also French Workers' Party; May 1 —
in France; Socialist movement in France
Working-class movement in Germany — 9,
18-19, 174, 182-83, 323, 346, 371, 376
See also German Social-Democracy; May
1 — in Germany
Working-class movement in Great Britain —
26, 116, 127-28, 140, 150, 152, 155,
167, 183, 195, 200, 225, 300, 313, 370-
71, 380-81, 386-87, 402-03, 411-12,
449, 460-61, 468, 494, 497, 515, 520
— Radical workers' clubs in London—
371, 380, 387, 403
— struggle for an 8-hour working
day —26, 150-51, 167, 233, 238,
250, 380, 385-86, 403,438, 494, 497,
501, 503, 508, 513, 519-20, 522-23,
529, 531, 534, 560
— Eight Hours League (July
1890)—43, 155, 167, 403, 560-61
See also May 1 — in England; Socialist
movement in England; Trades unions in
England
Working-class movement in Ireland—128
Working-class movement in the USA —
264-65, 327, 392-94
See also American Federation of Labor;
'Knights of Labor'; May I — in the
USA
Working-class and socialist movement in Austria—
117, 299, 359, 446
Working-class and socialist movement in
Belgium — 23, 26, 46, 168, 171, 191,
219, 224
Working-class and socialist movement,
Czech — 513-14
Working-class and socialist movement in Denmark—
42
Working-class and socialist movement in Italy
— 143-44, 342
Working-class and socialist movement in the
Netherlands — 234, 520-21
Working conditions — 401
Working day — 26, 63, 150-51, 315, 374,
497, 503
— workers' struggle for the introduction
of an 8-hour working day —
26, 150-51, 167, 191, 404-05, 438,
497, 501, 513, 519-20, 522-23, 529,
531, 534, 560-61
World market — 441-42, 513, 537






MECW VOL 50






A
Africa, 21, 339
agrarian policy, 168-71, 196, 344, 348, 357,
361, 367-69, 374-76, 378, 388-90, 406
Allemanists, 11, 70, 72, 120, 143, 182, 197,
210, 249, 310, 324, 358, 394, 448
Alsace, 101, 141, 154, 180-81,480
anarchism, anarchists, 19, 254-55, 334
—in England, 94, 184
—in France, 156, 255, 312, 317, 332, 367
—in Germany, 89, 361; slander of Marx,
85-6, 98
—in Spain, 287
—anti-anarchist law, 332, 342
See also Bakunin, Bakunists
Anatomy of Melancholy, 259
Anti-Duhring, 50, 211, 216-17, 267, 310,
389, 429-30
anti-Semitism, 34, 75, 96, 138, 149, 155, 156,
170
Argentina, 412
Armenia, 349, 371
Austria, 49, 89, 212, 247, 480
—Electoral Reform Bill 199, 202, 205-06,
211, 219, 228, 240-41, 261-62, 273, 283,
288, 370
—Engels's visit to, 187, 190, 196-97, 288
—international relations, 89, 167
—Marx in Vienna, 414, 434
—working class and socialist movement, 18,
47, 61, 200-01, 219, 224-26, 228, 240,
247, 273, 288, 298, 323-24, 369, 392-94,
432-34, 455, 470
B
Bakunin, Bakunists, 31, 184, 312, 317, 361,
367,481
Bavaria, 167, 369, 375, 378;
—SDP and Frankfurt Conference, yjA-lG,
378,381,383,404
Belgium, 97, 201, 202, 206, 283, 480
—working class and socialist movement, 226,
350-51, 358, 369; and Brussels Conference,
(March, 1893), 116, 120, 124
Berne Convention, 240, 257, 302-03, 307
See also copyrights
bimetallism, 124, 235, 237-38, 291, 304
Blanquists, 11, 70, 72, 114, 129, 143, 157,
161, 182, 197-98, 209, 210, 249, 327, 358
BouLtngism, 16, 51, 68, 69, 76, 156, 310
Brandenburg, 167
Brazil 92
Broussists, 70, 106, 114, 120, 197, 249, 310,
324
Bulgaria, 152,358,495
C
Can Europe Disarm? by Engels, 107-08, 117,
253
Capital, Vol. I, by Marx, 22, 150, 151, 161,
173-74, 365, 497
Capital, Vol. II, by Marx, 4, 22, 25, 45, 133,
150, 161, 163,255,293,469
Capital, Vol. Ill, by Marx, 9, 13, 14, 19, 21,
22, 23, 25, 44, 45, 53, 61, 70, 71, 76, 97,
105, 109, 121, 123, 124, 127-28, 141,
150, 215, 226, 236, 241, 243, 245, 250,
255, 257, 258, 262, 269, 271, 280, 281,
283-84, 288, 292-93, 297, 299, 308-09,
313, 314, 318, 320, 322, 329, 345, 360,
369, 377, 380, 381, 382, 386, 389, 400,
407-08, 412, 422, 448, 467, 468-49, 492
Capital, Vol. IV, by Marx, 71, 128, 387, 395,
397, 485, 493
chauvinism, 15-16, 27, 182, 428, 499
China, 347, 350, 358-59; war with Japan,
347, 348, 349, 370
Christianity, 328-29, 429-30, 458, 481, 512-
13, 529
Class Struggles in France, by Karl Marx, AAA,
457-8, 480, 486
colonialism, 8, 172
Commercial Panics of the Century, by Hyndman,
277
Condition of the Working Class in England,
The, by Engels, 13, 73-4, 278, 289
Contribution to the Critique of Political
Economy, A, by Marx, 98
copyright problems, 14, 173-74, 203-04, 218,
224, 240, 257, 401, 491, 496, 499
See also, Berne Convention
Czech, in Austrian politics, 202, 225
—Engels in Prague, 186, 188
—and general strike, 257, 261
—edition, Wage-Labour and Capital, 508
D
Denmark, and German history, 167
Development of the Monist View of History,
The, by Plekhanov, 436, 439
E
Economics of the Russian Village, by Hourwich,
144
Egypt, 89, 100-01
Eighteenth Brumaire, The, by Marx, 267
Engels, Frederick
—bequests, 362-65, 395, 425, 537-42
—on the term 'communism', 269
—on History and Nature, 134
—travel in Europe, 172-89, 196-97
—working class periodicals read, 358, 386,
475
England (Great Britain), 64, 111, 145-46, 301,
343-44, 347, 356-57, 390-91, 392-93,433,
453, 455, 484
—Bloomsbury Socialist Society, 120
—Capitalist politics, 400
—Conservative (Tory) Party, 84, 103, 115,
142, 272, 279, 282-83, 311, 433
—electoral reform, 114, 283
—Glassworkers Union, Congress, 52, 61, 324
—Home Rule Bill (Ireland), 45, 49, 115,
279,283,356
—Independent Labour Party (ILP), 82-3,
87-8, 103, 114-15, 125, 128, 142, 273,
290, 335, 378, 483, 523, 525
—international relations, 11, 89, 100,
157-59
—LiberalParty, 35, 83, 103, 108, 115, 228-
29, 272, 279, 282-83, 300-01, 433, 526
—May Day, 137, 142
—Parish Councils Bill, 11)
—political party system, 102-04, 108, 400,
403,410-11
—Social Democratic Federation (SDF), 27,
82-3, 87-8, 102-03, 125, 290, 294, 335-
37, 339-40, 343, 378, 483
—trade unions, 3, 18, 52, 61, 137, 204-05,
219-20, 324, 437
— Trade Union Congress, Glasgow (1892), 12
— Trade Union Congress, Norwich (1894),
341, 343-44, 347
— Unemployed Committee, 82-3
— Verein Society, 120, 290
—working class and socialist movement, 35,
74, 82, 87-8, 104, 114-15, 125, 139, 154-
55, 273, 282-3, 287, 304-05, 327, 335-37,
339-43, 356-57, 378, 400, 421, 483-84
See also anarchism, chauvinism, Fabian
Society, suffrage
Ethics of Socialism, The, by Box, 277
Europe, and disarmament, 257, 254; parallels
to 1845-48, 201-02, 206; war dangers, 6,
15-17, 20, 24, 59, 89, 100-02, 428, 480
Evolution of Property, by P. Lafargue, 277, 362
F
Fabian Society, 27, 35, 82-3, 125, 148, 228-
30, 278, 290, 484
France, 72, 76, 111, 166, 252, 327, 351, 423,
480
—army, 69, 101, 253
—Congress of National Federation of Labor
Unions, Marseille, 12
— 10th Congress of French Workers' Party
(FWP), Marseille, 1892,11,21
—12th Congress of FWP Nantes, (1894),
344, 348, 368, 388
—elections in, 184-85, 197-98, 323-26
—international relations, 5-7, 12, 15, 17,
20, 21, 59, 81, 89, 100-01, 156, 159, 315,
360-61, 369
—May Day, 55
—parliamentary tactics, 11, 21, 26, 30, 36,
72, 105-06, 113-14, 121, 209, 244-45,
249-50, 324-25
—peasantry, 357-58, 368, 382, 387-88,
390, 453-54
—Radicals, 51, 72, 113, 154-55, 310, 324,
332, 358, 420
—tariff, corn, 274-75, 427
—trade policy, 326
—trade unions, 5, 7, 10-11, 12
—working class and socialist movement, 6-7,
10, 29, 70, 73, 105, 113-14, 136, 139,
143, 155, 157-58, 197, 209-10, 244, 249-
50, 291, 427-28, 453, 455
See also Allemanists, anarchism, Blanquists,
Boulangism, Broussists, May Day, Panama
Scandal, Possibilists, suffrage
G
general strike, 205, 219-20, 225-26, 261
Germany, 16, 17, 75, 77, 84, 111, 125, 166-
67, 180, 291, 296, 369, 390, 402, 404-06
—agricultural development, 168-71, 196
—anti-socialist law, 168, 197, 276, 332
—army, 72, 76, 108, 138, 225
—army draft law, 45, 69, 101, 125
—Berlin beer boycott, 404
—Berlin Congress (1892), 21, 26, 30, 32,
43
—Berlin housing, 179, 186-87, 199
—Braunweiler prison exposé, 509, 514-15
—Catholic Party, 485
—Centre Party, 42, 88-9, 101, 125, 139,
147, 425, 444
—elections, 1892, 26, 28, 41-2
—elections, 1893, 141, 148, 154-55, 159-
60; electoral system, 224
—Ems Dispatch, 43, 51
—Engels's visit to, 179-82, 196
—Erfurt Conference, 268; Erfurt Programme,
306, 317
—Frankfurt Conference, 357, 383; Congress,
369, 404
—Free Thinkers, 125, 139, 147
— German Social Democratic Party, 76,
88-9, 99-100, 106, 113, 115, 126, 139,
154-55, 157, 159-60, 287-88, 310, 323-
24, 325-26, 337, 378-79, 405-06, 419,
423-24, 426, 444, 455, 458-59, 489-90
—GSDP Press, 33, 43, 48, 49-50, 53-4,
197, 217-18, 227, 232, 268, 409, 433,
470,482
—international relations, 5-7, 12, 16, 20,
44,59
—Liberal Party, 211
—Marx in Mosel, 515-16, 521
—militia, 252, 480
—peasantry, 357, 367, 369
—Reichstag debate, 99-100, 106, 113
—repression, 390, 392, 419, 425, 438, 444-
46, 453, 484-85, 497, 499, 501
—Steamship subvention, 8, 26
—Subversion Bill, AQA, 406, 416, 423, 458-
59, 480, 490, 499
—working class and socialist movement, 8,
26-8, 34-5, 42, 74, 100, 113, 115, 126,
139, 141-42, 147-48, 157, 180, 190, 192,
196-97,219,276,281
H
Helena, (a novel) by Minna Kautsky, 282
Herr Vogt, by Marx, 3, 482, 497
Historical Materialism, genesis of, 98; and ideology,
164-65; and Germany history, 166-
67; and Russian development, 110-12; economic
basis of, 264-67; see also 145-46,
157, 168-70, 213-25, 329-30, 348, 465-
66,476,488-89, 512-13
History of Early Christianity, On the, by
Engels, 313, 328-29, 345, 448-49
History of Socialism, The, by Karl Kautsky,
480,487-88, 511, 512
Holy Family, The, by Marx, 98, 194, 250,
272, 282, 299, 497
Hungary, 167, 201, 370
I
International Working Men's Assn. (1st International),
86, 98, 116, 118, 120, 140-41,
346,361,367,387,481
Italy, 89, 201, 206, 241, 248, 273, 324, 337,
481,490
—political corruption in, 75, 93, 95-6, 106,
390, 423, 455
—workingclass and socialist movement, 287,
323-24, 339, 349, 392, 407
L
Lithuania, 90
Ludwig Feuerbach, by Engels, 98, 244, 251,
257, 267, 360, 429
M
Malthus, 412
Manifesto of the Communist Party, 78, 95,
97, 118, 123,362,395,438;
—in Armenian, 371
—in Czech, 130
—in French, 332, 394
—in German, 78, 97-8
—in Italian, 78, 94-5, 178, 256
—in Romanian, 281
marriage, bourgeoise, 207, 276, 513; report on
group marriage (Russia), 54-5
medical ethics, 18
medical progress, England vs Europe, 311
O
Origin of the Family, by Engels, 211, 216, 222,
308, 450
Outlines [Essays] of our Post-Reform Economy,
by N. Danielson, 143, 212-13
Outlooks from the New Standpoint, by Box,
277
P
Panama Scandal (France), 35-6, 42, 44, 45,
51, 54, 58-9, 63, 64, 68, 69, 72, 75-6, 80,
106, 114, 121, 136, 142-43, 158, 275
Peasant Question in France and Germany, by
Engels, 367-68, 383, 385, 388
Peasant War in Germany, The, by Engels, 482,
512-13
Personal Government of Charles I, The, by
Gardiner, 402
philistines, philistinism, 8, 26, 45, 59, 142,
279,375,430
philosophy, 429-30, 463-64
pietism, 265
Poland, 84, 96, 305, 312
political economy, 168-70, 460-66, 468-69,
475-76, 492
positivism, 430-31
Possibilists, 18, 161, 197, 327, 358
Poverty of Philosophy, by Marx, 293
Primitive Folk, by E. Reclus, 147
protectionism, 274-75
Prussia, 89, 102, 166-67, 201, 206, 324, 379
R
Revelation, by E. Benary, 329
Revelations Concerning the [Cologne] Communist
Trial, 97, 98
Rise and Progress, by C. Schorlemmer, 404
Romania, 281, 358
Russia, 110-12, 148, 236, 358, 360, 371, 373,
389-90, 409, 412, 436, 439-40
—and Central Asia, 101
—communes, future of, 110-11, 144, 450
—economic development, 17, 110-12, 146,
213-15,412
—emigrants, 144-45
—and Engels, 372-73
—and France, 369
—and Germany, 84, 102
—international relations, 6, 15, 17, 59, 89,
100-02, 153,315,369,428
—philosophy in, 450-51, 455
—Spatzek example, 102, 108-09
S
sectarianism, 82, 301, 330, 356
Siam (Thailand), 172
Society, Its Growth and Outcome, by E.B. Box
and W Morris, 277, 282, 299
Socialism, Utopian and Scientific, by Engels,
37, 74, 123, 259, 263, 278, 281, 349,
371
Spain, 87, 287, 334, 337, 473, 481
—Malaga strike, 473
—Spanish Workers' Socialist Congress,
Madrid (1894), 334-35
See also anarchism
"state socialism", 27, 28, 34, 275-76, 291, 326,
381
Stock Exchange, 88, 200
Strike of Millionaires Against Miners, A, by
H.D. Lloyd 145
suffrage, extension of 29, 104, 108, 114, 168,
202, 206, 212, 225, 262, 273, 324, 351,
444,485
Switzerland 86, 93, 148, 179, 183, 201, 275,
350-51
—Engels's visit to, 177-184, 189, 206
—Sonderbund, 201, 351, 374, 378
— Third International Socialist Working
Men's Congress, Zurich, (1893), 178
T
tariff policy, 274-75, 283, 419, 485
Theories of Surplus Value, 128
Trade Unionism New and Old, by Howell,
223,273
trade unions, 7, 18, 21, 27, 119, 337, 343-44,
347, 357, 428, 437, 473
Triple Alliance, 59, 89, 100-01, 428
Turkey, 89, 101-02, 371
U
United States of America, 14-15, 58-9, 74-5,
111, 119,422
—Chicago Exposition, 1893, 123, 231, 309
—electoral system, 119, 126, 236
—economic growth, 124
—free trade and 111, 141
—Immigration, 236
—Labor Party, 231, 236, 238
—Lincoln, Abraham, 140
—Marx papers in, 413, 421, 455; and
Capital, 462, 481
—and Russia, 213
—Sorge articles, 513
—sectarianism, 235-36, 356, 301, 330
—tariffs, 74, 124, 235-37, 283
—working class, 74-5, 119, 146, 236-37,
401,422
See also Bimettalism
V
Vietnam, 172
W
Wage-Labour and Capital, by Marx, 302-03,
306, 317, 508
war danger, 15, 76, 84, 89, 100-02, 252-54
Woman and Socialism, by Bebel, 168, 183,
203-04
Women's movement, 52, 105, 198
—gender issues, 52, 61
—own newspaper, 58, 105, 283
—and prostitution, 66-7
— Womens Union, 434
—and 3rd International Working-Men's Congress,
182-83, 190
See also Marriage
workingclass internationalism, 12, 18, 21-2, 27,
34, 36, 157-59, 229, 252, 281, 300-01
Working Class Movement in America, The, by
E. and E.M. Aveling,